{"test_keys":{"accessible":true,"control":{"tcp_connect":{"192.124.249.8:80":{"status":true,"failure":null}},"http_request":{"body_length":14876,"failure":null,"status_code":200,"headers":{"X-XSS-Protection":"1; mode=block","X-Content-Type-Options":"nosniff","Content-Security-Policy":"upgrade-insecure-requests;","content-encoding":"","X-Sucuri-Cache":"HIT","Accept-Ranges":"bytes","Vary":"Accept-Encoding","Server":"Sucuri\/Cloudproxy","Last-Modified":"Thu, 16 Nov 2017 16:01:46 GMT","ETag":"\"3a1c-55e1bbcb6c1a6\"","Date":"Tue, 27 Nov 2018 21:33:39 GMT","X-Frame-Options":"SAMEORIGIN","X-Sucuri-ID":"19008","Content-Type":"text\/html"},"title":"BackTrack Linux - Penetration Testing Distribution"},"dns":{"failure":null,"addrs":["192.124.249.8"]}},"control_failure":null,"socksproxy":null,"http_experiment_failure":null,"agent":"redirect","retries":null,"client_resolver":"62.142.228.248","dns_consistency":"consistent","dns_experiment_failure":null,"body_proportion":1.0,"blocking":false,"queries":[{"engine":"system","resolver_hostname":null,"query_type":"A","hostname":"www.backtrack-linux.org","answers":[{"hostname":"www.backtrack-linux.org","answer_type":"CNAME","ttl":0},{"ipv4":"192.124.249.8","answer_type":"A","ttl":0}],"failure":null,"resolver_port":null}],"body_length_match":true,"requests":[{"failure":null,"request":{"body":"","headers":{"Accept-Language":"en-US;q=0.8,en;q=0.5","Accept":"text\/html,application\/xhtml+xml,application\/xml;q=0.9,*\/*;q=0.8","User-Agent":"Mozilla\/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1) AppleWebKit\/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome\/47.0.2526.106 Safari\/537.36"},"tor":{"is_tor":false,"exit_ip":null,"exit_name":null},"url":"https:\/\/www.backtrack-linux.org\/","method":"GET"},"response":{"body":"\n\n\n\n\n\n\nBackTrack Linux - Penetration Testing Distribution<\/title>\n<style>\nhtml {\n\n}\n@import url('https:\/\/fonts.googleapis.com\/css?family=Open+Sans');\n*{\n -webkit-box-sizing: border-box;\n box-sizing: border-box;\n}\nh1 {\nfont-weight: 400;\nmin-width:300px !important;\n}\nh2 {\ncolor: #aaa;\nfont-weight:400;\n}\n\na {\ncolor: #d03540;\ncolor: #fff;\ntext-decoration:none;\nfont-weight:400;\n}\na:hover {\ncolor: #fff;\n\n}\n\nbody {\nbackground-color: #000;\nbackground-image:url(.\/back.png);\nbackground-size:cover; \n\/*background-size: 1920px 1165px;*\/\nbackground-repeat: no-repeat;\nbackground-position: top; \nbackground-attachment:fixed;\ncolor: #222;\nfont-family: 'Open Sans', sans-serif;\nline-height:1.4em;\noverflow:auto;\nfont-size: 1.3em;\nmargin:0px;\npadding:0px;\n}\n\nbody:before {\n content: \"\";\n position: relative;\n top: 0px;\n left: 50%;\n bottom: 0px;\n transform: translateX(-50%);\n width: 4px;\n}\n\ncanvas {\nwidth:99%;\nheight:99%;\nbackground-color: transparent;\nposition: fixed;\nclear:both;\nz-index: 10;\n}\n\n\n.centered {\n\/*\nposition: fixed;\ntop: 50%;\nleft: 50%;\ntransform: translate(-50%, -50%);\n*\/\nmargin:100px auto;\nz-index: 9999;\nwidth:100%;\nmax-width:1485px;\nheight:auto;\n}\n\nimg a {\nborder:none;\n}\n\n.logo {\nwidth:100%;\nmax-width:1485px;\nmargin:0 auto;\nborder:none;\n}\n\n.button {\nposition:relative;\nborder: 1px solid #000;\nbackground: #00111c;\nbackground: #3b3b3b;\npadding: 12.5px 25px;\ncolor: #ccc;\nfont-size:25px;\n\ntext-decoration: none;\nvertical-align: middle;\nz-index:9999;\nmin-width:300px;\n}\n.button:hover {\nbackground: #001f33;\ncolor: #fff;\n}\n.button:active {\nbackground: #000000;\n}\n\n@media only screen and (max-width: 600px) {\n\t.button {\n\tfont-size:15px;\n\t}\n}\n\n\n\n\/******** TIMELINE CSS - CodePen port https:\/\/codepen.io\/z-\/pen\/bwPBjY ************\/\n\/*\nbody {\n background-color: #1d1d1d;\n min-height: 100vh;\n margin: 0;\n font-family: \"Droid Sans\", sans-serif;\n}\nbody:before {\n content: \"\";\n position: fixed;\n top: 0px;\n left: 50%;\n bottom: 0px;\n transform: translateX(-50%);\n width: 4px;\n background-color: #fff;\n}*\/\n\nbody .entries {\nposition:relative;\ntop:10px;\nwidth: calc(100% - 80px);\nmax-width: 1000px;\nmargin: auto;\nleft: -5px;\n\n}\nbody .entries .entry {\n width: calc(50% - 70px);\n float: left;\n padding: 20px;\n clear: both;\n text-align: right;\n}\nbody .entries .entry:not(:first-child) {\n margin-top: -60px;\n}\nbody .entries .entry .title {\n font-size: 1.4em;\n margin-bottom: 12px;\n position: relative;\n color: #fff;\n}\nbody .entries .entry .title:before {\n content: \"\";\n position: absolute;\n width: 8px;\n height: 8px;\n border: 4px solid #fff;\n background-color: #1d1d1d;\n border-radius: 100%;\n top: 50%;\n transform: translateY(-50%);\n right: -73px;\n z-index: 1000;\n}\nbody .entries .entry .title.big:before {\n width: 24px;\n height: 24px;\n transform: translate(8px, -50%);\n}\nbody .entries .entry .body {\n color: #aaa;\n}\nbody .entries .entry .body p {\n line-height: 1.4em;\n}\nbody .entries .entry:nth-child(2n) {\n text-align: left;\n float: right;\n}\nbody .entries .entry:nth-child(2n) .title:before {\n left: -63px;\n}\nbody .entries .entry:nth-child(2n) .title.big:before {\n transform: translate(-8px, -50%);\n}\n\n.grid {\nwidth:100%;\ndisplay: -webkit-flex; \/* Safari *\/\ndisplay: flex;\npadding:10px 60px;\nflex-wrap: wrap;\n}\n\n.col-quarter {\n-webkit-flex: 1; \/* Safari 6.1+ *\/\n-ms-flex: 1; \/* IE 10 *\/ \nflex: 1;\nmargin:10px 80px;\nflex-wrap: wrap;\n}\n\n.responsive-img {\nmax-width: 100%; \ndisplay:block; \nheight: auto;\nmin-width:200px;\n}\n\n#footer {\ndisplay:block;\nposition:relative;\nz-index:9999;\nbackground: #111;\ntext-align:center;\nmargin:0px;\n\ncolor: #aaa;\nfont-size:16px;\n\nbackground: -moz-linear-gradient(top, rgba(0,0,0,1) 0%, rgba(0,0,0,0) 100%); \/* FF3.6-15 *\/\nbackground: -webkit-linear-gradient(top, rgba(0,0,0,1) 0%,rgba(0,0,0,0) 100%); \/* Chrome10-25,Safari5.1-6 *\/\nbackground: linear-gradient(to bottom, rgba(0,0,0,1) 0%,rgba(0,0,0,0) 100%); \/* W3C, IE10+, FF16+, Chrome26+, Opera12+, Safari7+ *\/\nfilter: progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.gradient( startColorstr='#000000', endColorstr='#00000000',GradientType=0 ); \/* IE6-9\n\n}\n<\/style>\n\n<script type=\"application\/ld+json\" async>\n{\n \"@context\": \"https:\/\/schema.org\",\n \"@type\": \"Organization\",\n \"name\" : \"BackTrack Linux\",\n \"url\": \"http:\/\/www.backtrack-linux.org\/\",\n \"logo\": \"http:\/\/www.backtrack-linux.org\/bt-logo-darker.png\"\n}\n<\/script>\n\n\n<\/head>\n<body>\n\n<canvas id=\"nokey\">\n Your Browser Don't Support Canvas, Please Download Chrome or compatible browser. ^_^``\n<\/canvas>\n\n<div class=\"centered\">\n<a href=\"https:\/\/www.kali.org\/\"><img class=\"logo\" src=\".\/bt-logo.png\" alt=\"BackTrack is now Kali Linux\" \/><\/a><br \/>\n<center><h1><a class=\"button\" href=\"https:\/\/www.kali.org\/\">BackTrack is now Kali Linux. (Since 2013)<\/a><\/h1><\/center>\n<br \/>\n<\/div>\n\n\n<div class=\"entries\">\n <div class=\"entry\">\n <div class=\"title\">May 26th 2006<\/div>\n <div class=\"body\">\n\t\t<p>Auditor Security Collection and Whax merge to create BackTrack<\/p>\n\t\t<p>Live CD and live USB capability<\/p>\n <\/div>\n <\/div>\n <div class=\"entry\">\n <div class=\"title\">March 6th 2007<\/div>\n <div class=\"body\">\n\t\t<p>BackTrack 2<\/p>\n\t\t<p>Kernel 2.6.20<\/p>\n\t\t<p>Metasploit2 and Metsploit3 support<\/p>\n\t\t<p>Redesigned menu structure<\/p>\n <\/div>\n <\/div>\n <div class=\"entry\">\n <div class=\"title big\">June 19th 2008<\/div>\n <div class=\"body\">\n\t\t<p>BackTrack 3<\/p>\n\t\t<p>Kernel 2.6.21.5<\/p>\n\t\t<p>Saint and Maltego added<\/p>\n <\/div>\n <\/div>\n <div class=\"entry\">\n <div class=\"title\">January 9th 2010<\/div>\n <div class=\"body\">\n\t\t<p>BackTrack 4<\/p>\n\t\t<p>Kernel 2.6.34<\/p>\n\t\t<p>Massively improved hardware support<\/p>\n\t\t<p>Official FluxBox support<\/p>\n <\/div>\n <\/div>\n <div class=\"entry\">\n <div class=\"title\">May 10th 2011<\/div>\n <div class=\"body\">\n\t\t<p>BackTrack 5<\/p>\n\t\t<p>Based on Ubuntu Lucid LTS<\/p>\n\t\t<p>Kernel 2.6.38<\/p>\n <\/div>\n <\/div>\n <div class=\"entry\">\n <div class=\"title big\">March 13th 2013<\/div>\n <div class=\"body\">\n\t\t<p>BackTrack Linux becomes <a href=\"http:\/\/kali.org\" style=\"color: white; z-index: 99; position: relative;\">Kali Linux<\/a><\/p>\n\t\t<p>Support for BackTrack Linux ends<\/p>\n\t\t<p>Complete platform rebuild<\/p>\n\t\t<p>Based on Debian<\/p>\n\t\t<p>Streamlined package updates synced with Debian<\/p>\n <\/div>\n <\/div>\n \n<\/div><!-- end content -->\n\n\n<div style=\"display:block; text-align:center; margin:100px auto; clear:both; top:100px; position:relative; z-index:9999;\">\n\n<iframe src=\"https:\/\/player.vimeo.com\/video\/132329259\" width=\"640\" height=\"360\" frameborder=\"0\" webkitallowfullscreen mozallowfullscreen allowfullscreen><\/iframe>\n<br \/><br \/><br \/><br \/><br \/>\n<\/div>\n\n<div id=\"footer\">\n<br \/>\n<br \/>\n\n<h2 style=\"display:none;\">Visit some of our other projects<\/h2>\n<div class=\"grid\">\n\n\n\n\n<div class=\"col-quarter\">\n<a href=\"https:\/\/www.offensive-security.com\/\" title=\"\" target=\"\" rel=\"\"><img width=\"600\" height=\"342\" src=\"images\/offsec-logo-gray-trans.png\" class=\"responsive-img\" alt=\"Offensive Security, we Try Harder!\"><\/a>\n\n<\/div>\n\n<div class=\"col-quarter\">\n<a href=\"https:\/\/www.kali.org\/\" title=\"\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"\"><img width=\"600\" height=\"342\" src=\"images\/kali-logo-gray-trans.png\" class=\"responsive-img\" alt=\"Kali Linux by Offensive Security\"><\/a>\n\n<\/div>\n\n<div class=\"col-quarter\">\n<a href=\"https:\/\/www.exploit-db.com\/\" title=\"\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"\"><img width=\"600\" height=\"342\" src=\"images\/edb-logo-gray-trans.png\" class=\"responsive-img\" alt=\"Exploit Database by Offensive Security\"><\/a>\n\n<\/div>\n\n<div class=\"col-quarter\">\n<a href=\"https:\/\/www.kali.org\/kali-linux-nethunter\/\" title=\"\" target=\"_blank\" rel=\"\"><img width=\"600\" height=\"342\" src=\"images\/nethunter-logo-gray-trans.png\" class=\"responsive-img\" alt=\"Kali Net Hunter by Offensive Security\"><\/a>\n\n<\/div>\n\n<\/div><!-- end grid -->\n\n<br \/><br \/>\n<p style=\"color: #aaa; font-weight: 300;\">A project by <a href=\"https:\/\/www.offensive-security.com\">Offensive Security<\/a> ©<script>function myYear() { var d = new Date(); var n = d.getFullYear(); document.write(n); }myYear(); <\/script><\/p>\n\n<br \/>\n<\/div>\n\n\n\n<script>\nvar canvas = document.getElementById('nokey'),\n can_w = parseInt(canvas.getAttribute('width')),\n can_h = parseInt(canvas.getAttribute('height')),\n ctx = canvas.getContext('2d');\n\n\/\/ console.log(typeof can_w);\n\nvar ball = {\n x: 0,\n y: 0,\n vx: 0,\n vy: 0,\n r: 0,\n alpha: 1,\n phase: 0\n },\n ball_color = {\n r: 207,\n g: 255,\n b: 4\n },\n R = 2,\n balls = [],\n alpha_f = 0.03,\n alpha_phase = 0,\n \n\/\/ Line\n link_line_width = 0.8,\n dis_limit = 260,\n add_mouse_point = true,\n mouse_in = false,\n mouse_ball = {\n x: 0,\n y: 0,\n vx: 0,\n vy: 0,\n r: 0,\n type: 'mouse'\n };\n\n\/\/ Random speed\nfunction getRandomSpeed(pos){\n var min = -1,\n max = 1;\n switch(pos){\n case 'top':\n return [randomNumFrom(min, max), randomNumFrom(0.1, max)];\n break;\n case 'right':\n return [randomNumFrom(min, -0.1), randomNumFrom(min, max)];\n break;\n case 'bottom':\n return [randomNumFrom(min, max), randomNumFrom(min, -0.1)];\n break;\n case 'left':\n return [randomNumFrom(0.1, max), randomNumFrom(min, max)];\n break;\n default:\n return;\n break;\n }\n}\nfunction randomArrayItem(arr){\n return arr[Math.floor(Math.random() * arr.length)];\n}\nfunction randomNumFrom(min, max){\n return Math.random()*(max - min) + min;\n}\nconsole.log(randomNumFrom(0, 10));\n\/\/ Random Ball\nfunction getRandomBall(){\n var pos = randomArrayItem(['top', 'right', 'bottom', 'left']);\n switch(pos){\n case 'top':\n return {\n x: randomSidePos(can_w),\n y: -R,\n vx: getRandomSpeed('top')[0],\n vy: getRandomSpeed('top')[1],\n r: R,\n alpha: 1,\n phase: randomNumFrom(0, 10)\n }\n break;\n case 'right':\n return {\n x: can_w + R,\n y: randomSidePos(can_h),\n vx: getRandomSpeed('right')[0],\n vy: getRandomSpeed('right')[1],\n r: R,\n alpha: 1,\n phase: randomNumFrom(0, 10)\n }\n break;\n case 'bottom':\n return {\n x: randomSidePos(can_w),\n y: can_h + R,\n vx: getRandomSpeed('bottom')[0],\n vy: getRandomSpeed('bottom')[1],\n r: R,\n alpha: 1,\n phase: randomNumFrom(0, 10)\n }\n break;\n case 'left':\n return {\n x: -R,\n y: randomSidePos(can_h),\n vx: getRandomSpeed('left')[0],\n vy: getRandomSpeed('left')[1],\n r: R,\n alpha: 1,\n phase: randomNumFrom(0, 10)\n }\n break;\n }\n}\nfunction randomSidePos(length){\n return Math.ceil(Math.random() * length);\n}\n\n\/\/ Draw Ball\nfunction renderBalls(){\n Array.prototype.forEach.call(balls, function(b){\n if(!b.hasOwnProperty('type')){\n ctx.fillStyle = 'rgba('+ball_color.r+','+ball_color.g+','+ball_color.b+','+b.alpha+')';\n ctx.beginPath();\n ctx.arc(b.x, b.y, R, 0, Math.PI*2, true);\n ctx.closePath();\n ctx.fill();\n }\n });\n}\n\n\/\/ Update balls\nfunction updateBalls(){\n var new_balls = [];\n Array.prototype.forEach.call(balls, function(b){\n b.x += b.vx;\n b.y += b.vy;\n \n if(b.x > -(50) && b.x < (can_w+50) && b.y > -(50) && b.y < (can_h+50)){\n new_balls.push(b);\n }\n \n \/\/ alpha change\n b.phase += alpha_f;\n b.alpha = Math.abs(Math.cos(b.phase));\n \/\/ console.log(b.alpha);\n });\n \n balls = new_balls.slice(0);\n}\n\n\/\/ loop alpha\nfunction loopAlphaInf(){\n \n}\n\n\/\/ Draw lines\nfunction renderLines(){\n var fraction, alpha;\n for (var i = 0; i < balls.length; i++) {\n for (var j = i + 1; j < balls.length; j++) {\n \n fraction = getDisOf(balls[i], balls[j]) \/ dis_limit;\n \n if(fraction < 1){\n alpha = (1 - fraction).toString();\n\n ctx.strokeStyle = 'rgba(150,150,150,'+alpha+')';\n ctx.lineWidth = link_line_width;\n \n ctx.beginPath();\n ctx.moveTo(balls[i].x, balls[i].y);\n ctx.lineTo(balls[j].x, balls[j].y);\n ctx.stroke();\n ctx.closePath();\n }\n }\n }\n}\n\n\/\/ calculate distance between two points\nfunction getDisOf(b1, b2){\n var delta_x = Math.abs(b1.x - b2.x),\n delta_y = Math.abs(b1.y - b2.y);\n \n return Math.sqrt(delta_x*delta_x + delta_y*delta_y);\n}\n\n\/\/ add balls if there a little balls\nfunction addBallIfy(){\n if(balls.length < 20){\n balls.push(getRandomBall());\n }\n}\n\n\/\/ Render\nfunction render(){\n ctx.clearRect(0, 0, can_w, can_h);\n \n renderBalls();\n \n renderLines();\n \n updateBalls();\n \n addBallIfy();\n \n window.requestAnimationFrame(render);\n}\n\n\/\/ Init Balls\nfunction initBalls(num){\n for(var i = 1; 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A monthly online magazine providing ratings, reviews, and comparisons on the best breast enhancement pills, creams, pumps, surgery.\">\n \t<meta name=\"keywords\" content=\"breast enlargement, breast enhancement,\nbreast augmentation, augmentation, enhancement, enlargement, natural breast enlargement, natural breast enhancement,\nnatural breast augmentation, natural augmentation, natural enhancement, natural enlargement, herbal breast enlargement,\nherbal breast enhancement, herbal breast augmentation, herbal augmentation, herbal enhancement, herbal enlargement,\nbreast enlargement pills, breast enhancement pills, breast augmentation pills, hormonal balancing, breast implants,\nbreast augmentation, breast surgery, silicon implants, soy implants, enhanced breasts, sagging breasts, drooping breasts,\nsaggy breasts, droopy breasts, perky breasts, perky chest, breast success, breast gain plus\">\n<meta name=\"robots\" content=\"noodp,noydir\" \/>\n<!-- #EndEditable -->\n<meta content=\"IE=Edge\" http-equiv=\"X-UA-Compatible\">\n<meta name=\"viewport\" content=\"width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0\">\n<link href=\"http:\/\/fonts.googleapis.com\/css?family=Playfair+Display\" rel=\"stylesheet\" type=\"text\/css\">\n<link href=\"http:\/\/fonts.googleapis.com\/css?family=Muli\" rel=\"stylesheet\" type=\"text\/css\">\n<link href=\"css\/default.css\" rel=\"stylesheet\" type=\"text\/css\" media=\"screen\">\n<!--[if lt IE 9]>\n<script>\n document.createElement('header');\n document.createElement('nav');\n document.createElement('section');\n document.createElement('article');\n document.createElement('aside');\n document.createElement('footer');\n <\/script>\n<![endif]-->\n<link rel=\"stylesheet\" href=\"css\/lightbox.css\" type=\"text\/css\" media=\"screen\">\n<script src=\"http:\/\/ajax.googleapis.com\/ajax\/libs\/jquery\/1.8.3\/jquery.min.js\"><\/script>\n<link rel=\"Shortcut Icon\" href=\"http:\/\/www.breastenlargementmagazine.com\/\/images\/favicon.ico\" type=\"image\/x-icon\" \/>\n<!-- \n***********************************************\nDesign by: RTBWizards.com and MyArtsDesire.com\n***********************************************\n-->\n<\/head>\n\n<body>\n<div id=\"wrapper\">\n <header>\n <!-- ==================== logo ==================== -->\n <div id=\"logo\">\n <h1><a href=\"index.html\">Breast Enlargement Magazine<\/a><\/h1>\n <h2>Your Online Resource for Breast Enhancement<\/h2>\n <\/div>\n <!-- ==================== navigation ==================== -->\n <nav id=\"mainnav\">\n <ul id=\"nav\">\n <li><a href=\"index.html\">Home<\/a><\/li>\n <li><a href=\"pills.html\">Best Methods»<\/a>\n <ul>\n <li><a href=\"pills.html\">Breast Pills<\/a><\/li>\n <li><a href=\"creams.html\">Breast Creams<\/a><\/li>\n <li><a href=\"pumps.html\">Breast Pumps<\/a><\/li>\n <li><a href=\"surgery.html\">Breast Surgery<\/a><\/li>\n <\/ul>\n <\/li>\n <li><a href=\"susan.html\">Articles »<\/a>\n <ul>\n <li><a href=\"susan.html\">Susan's Corner<\/a><\/li>\n <li><a href=\"dreams.html\">Dreams come true<\/a><\/li>\n <li><a href=\"Dish_Magazine.htm\" target=_blank>Dish Mag Article<\/a><\/li>\n <\/ul>\n <\/li>\n <li><a href=\"contact.html\">Contact »<\/a>\n <ul>\n <li><a href=\"contact.html\">Contact<\/a><\/li>\n <li><a href=\"news.html\">Brand Ambassador<\/a><\/li>\n <li><a href=\"contact.html\">Advertise<\/a><\/li>\n <li><a href=\"contact.html\">Add Link<\/a><\/li>\n <\/ul>\n <\/li>\n <li><a href=\"site_map.html\">Site Map »<\/a>\n <ul>\n <li><a href=\"site_map.html\">Site Map<\/a><\/li>\n <\/ul>\n <\/li>\n <\/ul>\n <\/nav>\n <\/header>\n <!-- ==================== main image ==================== -->\n \t<div id=\"photoblock\">\n \t<img alt=\"Breast Enlargement Magazine\" src=\"images\/logow.jpg\" width=\"770\" height=\"350\">\n <!-- #BeginEditable \"mainimage\" -->\n \t <p>If you're looking to Improve your Breast Size, you have come to the \n Right Place.<br>\n <\/p>\n \t <p class=\"small\"> We have Information on everything from Breast Enhancement Pills and Creams to Breast Augmentation Surgery.<\/p>\n <!-- #EndEditable -->\n <div class=\"clearsmall\"><\/div>\n <\/div>\n <!-- ==================== top blocks ==================== -->\n \t <p class=\"small\" style=\"text-align: center\"><SCRIPT language=JavaScript>\n\n<!-- Begin\nvar months=new Array(13);\nmonths[1]=\"January\";\nmonths[2]=\"February\";\nmonths[3]=\"March\";\nmonths[4]=\"April\";\nmonths[5]=\"May\";\nmonths[6]=\"June\";\nmonths[7]=\"July\";\nmonths[8]=\"August\";\nmonths[9]=\"September\";\nmonths[10]=\"October\";\nmonths[11]=\"November\";\nmonths[12]=\"December\";\nvar time=new Date();\nvar lmonth=months[time.getMonth() + 1];\nvar date=time.getDate();\nvar year=time.getYear();\nif (year < 2000) \/\/ Y2K Fix, Isaac Powell\nyear = year + 1900; 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If you have \n seriously tried all the other methods such as breast enlargement pills, then \n maybe this method.<\/p>\n <p><a class=\"button\" href=\"surgery.html\">Read More<\/a><\/p>\n <!-- #EndEditable -->\n <\/article>\n <div class=\"clearsmall\"><\/div>\n\n <!-- ==================== content area ==================== -->\n <div id=\"contentLeft\">\n <!-- #BeginEditable \"content\" -->\n <h1>Featured Article<\/h1>\n <blockquote class=\"rightside\">\n <p>95% of All Women Are Dissatisfied With The Size of Their Breasts"<br>\n <span class=\"auto-style1\">Survey in Cosmo Magazine<\/span><br>\n If Your One of Those 95% of Women You've Come To The Right Place. Here \n You'll Find All The Facts You Need On Breast Enhancement and Other Related \n Topics...<\/p>\n <\/blockquote>\n <p>Well you've arrived here looking for the Truth about Breast Enhancement \n and Breast Enhancement Products & you've come to the Right Place. We have \n reviews on all the sites and products. So if you want to improve yourself \n with a Bigger Breasts, we can help you choose a site or product. We've got \n some other interesting topics and sites you should visit to see your  Dreams \n Come True. What better time to make the decision to improve your appearance \n than now!! Start by seeing how you can achieve Bigger Beautiful Breasts! <\/p>\n <p><p><a class=\"button\" href=\"dreams.html\">Read More<\/a><\/p>\n <img alt=\"Breast Enlargement Pumps\" class=\"imageleft-border\" src=\"images\/breast_pumps.jpg\" width=\"120\" height=\"120\"> \n Breast Enlargement Pumps<br>\n What exactly is the deal with Breast Enlargement Pumps?  Breast \n enlargement pump equipment has been around for a long time. But will a \n breast enlargement pump work or are they just another in a long line of \n ineffective alternatives to high breast implant prices? Do they work? We put \n our editors to work & came up with the story.<p><p><a class=\"button\" href=\"pumps.html\">Read More<\/a><\/p>\n <div class=\"contentBox2 alpha\">\n <h2>Susan's Corner<\/h2>\n <p>\n <img alt=\"Susan's Corner\" class=\"imageright-border\" src=\"images\/susan001s.jpg\" width=\"72\" height=\"108\">Susan \n will be writing a monthly article on a topical subject relating to breast \n enlargement and related topics. 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I have so much more confidence now \n it's wonderful!"<br>\n Julie B.<br>\n North Carolina<br>\n <\/p>\n <\/section>\n <section class=\"contentBox4\">\n <h3 class=\"alternate3\">News & Events<\/h3>\n <p class=\"center\">\n <script src=\"javascripts\/calendar.js\" type=\"text\/javascript\"><\/script>\n <\/p>\n <p class=\"center\"><a href=\"news.html\" class=\"button\">More Info<\/a><\/p>\n <\/section>\n <div class=\"clear\"><\/div>\n <hr>\n <!-- ==================== social media ==================== -->\n <div id=\"socialmedia\">\n <a href=\"#\">\n <img alt=\"\" src=\"images\/socialmedia\/blogger.png\" width=\"32\" height=\"32\"><\/a> \n <a href=\"#\">\n <img alt=\"\" src=\"images\/socialmedia\/facebook.png\" width=\"32\" height=\"32\"><\/a> \n <a href=\"#\">\n <img alt=\"\" src=\"images\/socialmedia\/twitter.png\" width=\"32\" height=\"32\"><\/a> \n <a href=\"#\">\n <img alt=\"\" src=\"images\/socialmedia\/google.png\" width=\"32\" height=\"32\"><\/a> \n <a href=\"#\">\n <img alt=\"\" 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menu-item-1309\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/sexual-activity\/sexual-arousal\/\">Excitation sexuelle<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1310\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1310\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/sexual-activity\/types-of-relationships\/\">Types de relations<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1311\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1311\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/sexual-activity\/concerns-sexual-problems\/\">Pr\u00e9occupations ou probl\u00e8mes sexuels<\/a><\/li>\n<\/ul>\n<\/li>\n<li id=\"menu-item-1312\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-has-children menu-item-1312\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/lgbttq\/\">LGBTTQ+<\/a>\n<ul class=\"vertical nested menu\">\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1313\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1313\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/lgbttq\/sexual-orientation\/\">Orientation sexuelle<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1314\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1314\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/lgbttq\/gender-identity\/\">Identit\u00e9 de genre<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1315\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1315\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/lgbttq\/coming-out\/\">Sortie du placard<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1316\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1316\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/lgbttq\/awareness-acceptance\/\">Sensibilisation et acceptation<\/a><\/li>\n<\/ul>\n<\/li>\n<li id=\"menu-item-1317\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-has-children menu-item-1317\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/stis\/\">ITS<\/a>\n<ul class=\"vertical nested menu\">\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1318\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1318\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/stis\/chlamydia\/\">Chlamydia<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1319\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1319\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/stis\/gonorrhea\/\">Gonorrh\u00e9e<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1320\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1320\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/stis\/syphilis\/\">Syphilis<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1321\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1321\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/stis\/hpv\/\">VPH<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1322\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1322\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/stis\/trichomoniasis\/\">Trichomonase<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1323\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1323\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/stis\/hiv\/\">VIH<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1324\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1324\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/stis\/hepatitis-b\/\">H\u00e9patite B<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1325\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1325\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/stis\/hepatitis-c\/\">H\u00e9patite C<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1343\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1343\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/stis\/herpes\/\">Herp\u00e8s<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1342\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1342\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/stis\/pubic-lice\/\">Poux du pubis<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1341\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1341\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/stis\/scabies\/\">Gale sarcoptique humaine<\/a><\/li>\n<\/ul>\n<\/li>\n<li id=\"menu-item-1326\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-has-children menu-item-1326\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/contraception\/\">Contraception<\/a>\n<ul class=\"vertical nested menu\">\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1327\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1327\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/contraception\/emergency-contraception\/\">Contraception d\u2019urgence<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1328\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1328\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/contraception\/hormonal-contraception\/\">Contraception hormonale<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1329\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1329\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/contraception\/non-hormonal-contraception\/\">Contraception non hormonale<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1330\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1330\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/contraception\/natural-methods\/\">M\u00e9thodes naturelles<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1790\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1790\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/contraception\/reprenez-le-rythme\/\">Reprenez le rythme<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1865\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1865\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/contraception\/its-a-plan\/\">\u00c7a se planifie<\/a><\/li>\n<\/ul>\n<\/li>\n<li id=\"menu-item-1331\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-has-children menu-item-1331\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/pregnancy\/\">Grossesse<\/a>\n<ul class=\"vertical nested menu\">\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1332\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1332\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/pregnancy\/am-i-is-my-partner-pregnant\/\">Suis-je enceinte \/ ma partenaire est-elle enceinte?<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1333\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1333\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/pregnancy\/planned-pregnancy\/\">Grossesse planifi\u00e9e<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1334\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1334\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/pregnancy\/unplanned-pregnancy\/\">Grossesse non planifi\u00e9e<\/a><\/li>\n<\/ul>\n<\/li>\n<li id=\"menu-item-1335\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-has-children menu-item-1335\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/consent\/\">Consentement<\/a>\n<ul class=\"vertical nested menu\">\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1336\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1336\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/consent\/what-is-consent\/\">Qu\u2019est-ce que le consentement?<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1337\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1337\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/consent\/sexual-assault\/\">Agression sexuelle<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1338\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1338\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/consent\/sexual-harassment-bullying\/\">Le harc\u00e8lement sexuel<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1339\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1339\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/consent\/online-safety\/\">La s\u00e9curit\u00e9 en ligne<\/a><\/li>\n<\/ul>\n<\/li>\n<li id=\"menu-item-1820\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-has-children menu-item-1820\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/resources\/\">Ressources<\/a>\n<ul class=\"vertical nested menu\">\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1395\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1395\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/resources\/resource-library\/\">Liste des ressources<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1394\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1394\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/resources\/order\/\">Commander du mat\u00e9riel<\/a><\/li>\n<\/ul>\n<\/li>\n<li id=\"menu-item-1000000\" class=\"language menu-item menu-item-type- menu-item-object- menu-item-1000000\"><a title=\"English\" href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/\">English<\/a><\/li>\n<li id=\"menu-item-1455\" class=\"partner-sites partner-sites-item menu-item menu-item-type-custom menu-item-object-custom menu-item-has-children menu-item-1455\"><a>Autres sites Web de la SOGC<\/a>\n<ul class=\"vertical nested menu\">\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1456\" class=\"partner-sites-item menu-item menu-item-type-custom menu-item-object-custom menu-item-1456\"><a target=\"_blank\" href=\"http:\/\/www.infovph.ca\">VPH<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1481\" class=\"partner-sites-item menu-item menu-item-type-custom menu-item-object-custom menu-item-1481\"><a target=\"_blank\" href=\"http:\/\/TesR\u00e8gles.ca\">Tes R\u00e8gles<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1482\" class=\"partner-sites-item menu-item menu-item-type-custom menu-item-object-custom menu-item-1482\"><a target=\"_blank\" href=\"http:\/\/www.infogrossesse.ca\">Info Grossesse<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1483\" class=\"partner-sites-item menu-item menu-item-type-custom menu-item-object-custom menu-item-1483\"><a target=\"_blank\" href=\"http:\/\/www.menopauseandu.ca\/index_f.aspx\">M\u00e9nopause<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1484\" class=\"partner-sites-item menu-item menu-item-type-custom menu-item-object-custom menu-item-1484\"><a target=\"_blank\" href=\"https:\/\/sogc.org\/fr\/index.html\">SOGC.org<\/a><\/li>\n<\/ul>\n<\/li>\n<\/ul><\/nav>\r\n\r\n<div class=\"off-canvas-content\" data-off-canvas-content>\r\n \t\t\t\t <header id=\"masthead\" role=\"banner\">\r\n <div class=\"inner\">\r\n \r\n <h1>\r\n <a class=\"mastheadfrench\" href=\"http:\/\/sogc.org\/fr\/\" target=\"_blank\">\r\n <span>Sex & U<\/span>\r\n <\/a>\r\n <\/h1>\r\n \r\n <a href=\"#mobile-menu\" id=\"mobile-menu-trigger\" title=\"Menu\" data-toggle=\"mobile-menu\">\r\n <strong>Menu<\/strong>\r\n <span><\/span>\r\n <span><\/span>\r\n <span><\/span>\r\n <\/a>\r\n\r\n <nav id=\"main-menu\" role=\"navigation\">\r\n <ul id=\"menu-main-menu-widescreen-fr\" class=\"main-menu\">\n<li class=\"separator\"><\/li>\n<li id=\"menu-item-1345\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-has-children menu-item-1345\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/your-body\/\"><div>Votre <br> corps<\/div><\/a>\n<div class=\"submenu\"><ul>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1346\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1346\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/your-body\/the-human-body\/\"><div>Le corps humain<\/div><\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1347\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1347\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/your-body\/sex-vs-gender\/\"><div>Le sexe par rapport au genre<\/div><\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1348\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1348\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/your-body\/puberty\/\"><div>Pubert\u00e9<\/div><\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1349\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1349\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/your-body\/your-period\/\"><div>Menstruations<\/div><\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1350\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1350\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/your-body\/sexual-reproduction\/\"><div>Reproduction sexuelle<\/div><\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1351\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1351\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/your-body\/self-image\/\"><div>Perception de soi<\/div><\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1352\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1352\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/your-body\/body-modification\/\"><div>Modification corporelle<\/div><\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1353\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1353\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/your-body\/tests-self-exams\/\"><div>Tests et autoexamens<\/div><\/a><\/li>\n<\/ul><\/div>\n<\/li>\n\n<li class=\"separator\"><\/li>\n<li id=\"menu-item-1354\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-has-children menu-item-1354\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/sexual-activity\/\"><div>Activit\u00e9 <br> sexuelle<\/div><\/a>\n<div class=\"submenu\"><ul>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1355\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1355\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/sexual-activity\/what-is-sex\/\"><div>Qu\u2019est-ce que le sexe?<\/div><\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1356\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1356\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/sexual-activity\/am-i-ready\/\"><div>Suis-je pr\u00eat ou pr\u00eate?<\/div><\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1357\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1357\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/sexual-activity\/sexual-attraction\/\"><div>Attirance sexuelle<\/div><\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1358\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1358\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/sexual-activity\/sexual-arousal\/\"><div>Excitation sexuelle<\/div><\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1359\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1359\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/sexual-activity\/types-of-relationships\/\"><div>Types de relations<\/div><\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1360\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1360\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/sexual-activity\/concerns-sexual-problems\/\"><div>Pr\u00e9occupations ou probl\u00e8mes sexuels<\/div><\/a><\/li>\n<\/ul><\/div>\n<\/li>\n\n<li class=\"separator\"><\/li>\n<li id=\"menu-item-1361\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-has-children menu-item-1361\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/lgbttq\/\"><div>LGBTTQ+<\/div><\/a>\n<div class=\"submenu\"><ul>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1362\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1362\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/lgbttq\/sexual-orientation\/\"><div>Orientation sexuelle<\/div><\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1363\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1363\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/lgbttq\/gender-identity\/\"><div>Identit\u00e9 de genre<\/div><\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1364\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1364\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/lgbttq\/coming-out\/\"><div>Sortie du placard<\/div><\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1365\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1365\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/lgbttq\/awareness-acceptance\/\"><div>Sensibilisation et acceptation<\/div><\/a><\/li>\n<\/ul><\/div>\n<\/li>\n\n<li class=\"separator\"><\/li>\n<li id=\"menu-item-1366\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-has-children menu-item-1366\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/stis\/\"><div>ITS<\/div><\/a>\n<div class=\"submenu\"><ul>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1367\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1367\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/stis\/chlamydia\/\"><div>Chlamydia<\/div><\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1368\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1368\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/stis\/gonorrhea\/\"><div>Gonorrh\u00e9e<\/div><\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1369\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1369\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/stis\/syphilis\/\"><div>Syphilis<\/div><\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1370\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1370\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/stis\/hpv\/\"><div>VPH<\/div><\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1371\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1371\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/stis\/trichomoniasis\/\"><div>Trichomonase<\/div><\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1372\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1372\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/stis\/hiv\/\"><div>VIH<\/div><\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1373\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1373\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/stis\/hepatitis-b\/\"><div>H\u00e9patite B<\/div><\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1374\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1374\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/stis\/hepatitis-c\/\"><div>H\u00e9patite C<\/div><\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1389\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1389\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/stis\/herpes\/\"><div>Herp\u00e8s<\/div><\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1390\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1390\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/stis\/pubic-lice\/\"><div>Poux du pubis<\/div><\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1391\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1391\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/stis\/scabies\/\"><div>Gale sarcoptique humaine<\/div><\/a><\/li>\n<\/ul><\/div>\n<\/li>\n\n<li class=\"separator\"><\/li>\n<li id=\"menu-item-1375\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-has-children menu-item-1375\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/contraception\/\"><div>Contraception<\/div><\/a>\n<div class=\"submenu\"><ul>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1376\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1376\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/contraception\/emergency-contraception\/\"><div>Contraception d\u2019urgence<\/div><\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1377\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1377\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/contraception\/hormonal-contraception\/\"><div>Contraception hormonale<\/div><\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1378\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1378\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/contraception\/non-hormonal-contraception\/\"><div>Contraception non hormonale<\/div><\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1379\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1379\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/contraception\/natural-methods\/\"><div>M\u00e9thodes naturelles<\/div><\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1791\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1791\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/contraception\/reprenez-le-rythme\/\"><div>Reprenez le rythme<\/div><\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1866\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1866\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/contraception\/its-a-plan\/\"><div>\u00c7a se planifie<\/div><\/a><\/li>\n<\/ul><\/div>\n<\/li>\n\n<li class=\"separator\"><\/li>\n<li id=\"menu-item-1380\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-has-children menu-item-1380\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/pregnancy\/\"><div>Grossesse<\/div><\/a>\n<div class=\"submenu\"><ul>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1381\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1381\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/pregnancy\/am-i-is-my-partner-pregnant\/\"><div>Suis-je enceinte \/ ma partenaire est-elle enceinte?<\/div><\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1382\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1382\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/pregnancy\/planned-pregnancy\/\"><div>Grossesse planifi\u00e9e<\/div><\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1383\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1383\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/pregnancy\/unplanned-pregnancy\/\"><div>Grossesse non planifi\u00e9e<\/div><\/a><\/li>\n<\/ul><\/div>\n<\/li>\n\n<li class=\"separator\"><\/li>\n<li id=\"menu-item-1384\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-has-children menu-item-1384\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/consent\/\"><div>Consentement<\/div><\/a>\n<div class=\"submenu\"><ul>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1385\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1385\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/consent\/what-is-consent\/\"><div>Qu\u2019est-ce que le consentement?<\/div><\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1386\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1386\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/consent\/sexual-assault\/\"><div>Agression sexuelle<\/div><\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1387\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1387\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/consent\/sexual-harassment-bullying\/\"><div>Le harc\u00e8lement sexuel<\/div><\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1388\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1388\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/consent\/online-safety\/\"><div>La s\u00e9curit\u00e9 en ligne<\/div><\/a><\/li>\n<\/ul><\/div>\n<\/li>\n\n<li class=\"separator\"><\/li>\n<li id=\"menu-item-1396\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-has-children menu-item-1396\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/resources\/\"><div>Ressources<\/div><\/a>\n<div class=\"submenu\"><ul>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1398\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1398\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/resources\/resource-library\/\"><div>Liste des ressources<\/div><\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-1397\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-1397\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/resources\/order\/\"><div>Commander du mat\u00e9riel<\/div><\/a><\/li>\n<\/ul><\/div>\n<\/li>\n\n<li class=\"separator\"><\/li>\n<li id=\"menu-item-1000053\" class=\"language menu-item menu-item-type- menu-item-object- menu-item-1000053\"><a title=\"English\" href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/\"><div>EN<\/div><\/a><\/li>\n\n<li class=\"separator\"><\/li>\n<li id=\"menu-item-1000054\" class=\"search-trigger menu-item menu-item-type- menu-item-object- menu-item-1000054\"><a title=\"Rechercher …\" href=\"#search\"><div><span>Rechercher …<\/span><\/div><\/a><\/li>\n<\/ul> <\/nav>\r\n\r\n <nav id=\"partner-sites\">\r\n <div class=\"inner\">\r\n <ul id=\"menu-partner-menu-fr\" class=\"partner-sites\"><li id=\"menu-item-1450\" class=\"active menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-home current-menu-item page_item page-item-1158 current_page_item menu-item-1450 active\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/\">Le sexe et moi<\/a><\/li>\n<li id=\"menu-item-1449\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-custom menu-item-object-custom menu-item-1449\"><a target=\"_blank\" href=\"http:\/\/hpvinfo.ca\/fr\/\">VPH<\/a><\/li>\n<li id=\"menu-item-1451\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-custom menu-item-object-custom menu-item-1451\"><a target=\"_blank\" href=\"http:\/\/TesR\u00e8gles.ca\">Tes R\u00e8gles<\/a><\/li>\n<li id=\"menu-item-1452\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-custom menu-item-object-custom menu-item-1452\"><a target=\"_blank\" href=\"http:\/\/www.infogrossesse.ca\">Info Grossesse<\/a><\/li>\n<li id=\"menu-item-1453\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-custom menu-item-object-custom menu-item-1453\"><a target=\"_blank\" href=\"http:\/\/www.menopauseandu.ca\/index_f.aspx\">M\u00e9nopause<\/a><\/li>\n<li id=\"menu-item-1454\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-custom menu-item-object-custom menu-item-1454\"><a target=\"_blank\" href=\"https:\/\/sogc.org\/fr\/index.html\">SOGC.org<\/a><\/li>\n<\/ul> <\/div>\r\n <\/nav>\r\n\r\n \r\n <div class=\"search-trigger mobile\">\r\n <a><span>Rechercher<\/span><\/a>\r\n <\/div>\r\n <form role=\"search\" method=\"get\" class=\"search-form\" action=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/\">\r\n <div class=\"fields\">\r\n <label for=\"mobile-search\" class=\"screen-reader\">Search<\/label>\r\n <input type=\"text\" id=\"mobile-search\" value=\"\" name=\"s\" placeholder=\"Recherche…\">\r\n <button type=\"submit\" title=\"Rechercher\"><span>Rechercher<\/span><\/button>\r\n <\/div>\r\n <\/form> <\/div>\r\n <\/header>\r\n \r\n <div id=\"site\">\r\n <section id=\"core\">\r\n \r\n<style>\r\n#homepage-banner{display:none}.slider-wrapper .search-form{position:absolute;width:40%;z-index:5;display:block;margin:0 auto;top:64%;left:32%}.slider-wrapper .search-form .fields input{position:relative;width:87.5%}.slider-wrapper .search-form .fields button{position:absolute;background-color:transparent;right:0;height:72.5%;width:12.5%;top:0;content:\"\";-webkit-transition:background-color .2s ease-out;-moz-transition:background-color .2s ease-out;-ms-transition:background-color .2s ease-out;-o-transition:background-color .2s ease-out;transition:background-color .2s ease-out}.slider-wrapper .search-form .fields button:hover{background-color:#181818;-webkit-transition:background-color .3s ease-in;-moz-transition:background-color .3s ease-in -ms-transition:background-color .3s ease-in;-o-transition:background-color .3s ease-in;transition:background-color .3s ease-in}.search-form .fields button span{display:none}.slider-wrapper .search-form .fields button:before{content:\"\\f002\";font-family:FontAwesome;color:#fff}.slider-wrapper{width:1600px;display:block;position:relative;margin:0 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li:nth-child(6){background-image:url(\/wp-content\/uploads\/2016\/10\/Homepage6.jpg)!important;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:cover;background-position:left}.main-text{width:100%;display:inline-block;position:absolute;z-index:4;top:38%}.main-text:after{padding-top:56.25%;display:block;content:''}.slider-logo{width:50%;position:relative;left:25%}.slider-taglines{width:60%;position:relative;left:20%;margin-top:25px}@media (max-width:1599px){.slider-wrapper{width:100%}}@media (max-width:1200px){.search-form .fields input{width:83%}.search-form .fields button{width:17%}}@media (max-width:800px){.search-form .fields input{height:35px}}@media (max-width:465px){.slider-taglines{margin-top:7px}.search-form .fields input{height:25px}}@media \\0screen\\,screen\\9,screen and (min-width:0\\0),screen and (-ms-high-contrast:active),(-ms-high-contrast:none){#homepage-banner{display:block!important}.slider-wrapper{display:none!important}}@supports (-ms-accelerator:true){#homepage-banner{display:block!important}.slider-wrapper{display:none!important}}_:-ms-input-placeholder,:root #homepage-banner{display:block!important}_:-ms-input-placeholder,:root .slider-wrapper{display:none!important}@-moz-document url-prefix(){#homepage-banner{display:block!important}.slider-wrapper{display:none!important}}\r\n<\/style>\r\n\r\n\r\n <div id=\"homepage-banner\" role=\"banner\" class=\"carousel\">\r\n <ul class=\"carousel-items\">\r\n <li class=\"carousel-item\" style=\"background-image:url(https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/wp-content\/uploads\/2016\/03\/home-slider1-1600-fr.jpg);\">\r\n <img src=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/wp-content\/uploads\/2016\/03\/home-slider1-1600-fr.jpg\" alt=\"\" class=\"banner-image-wide\">\r\n <img src=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/wp-content\/uploads\/2016\/03\/home-slider2-1200-fr.jpg\" alt=\"\" class=\"banner-image\">\r\n <\/li>\r\n <li class=\"carousel-item\" style=\"background-image:url(https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/wp-content\/uploads\/2016\/03\/home-slider2-1600-fr.jpg);\">\r\n <img src=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/wp-content\/uploads\/2016\/03\/home-slider2-1600-fr.jpg\" alt=\"\" class=\"banner-image-wide\">\r\n <img src=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/wp-content\/uploads\/2016\/03\/home-slider1-1200-fr.jpg\" alt=\"\" class=\"banner-image\">\r\n <\/li>\r\n <li class=\"carousel-item\" style=\"background-image:url(https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/wp-content\/uploads\/2016\/03\/home-slider3-1600-fr.jpg);\">\r\n <img src=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/wp-content\/uploads\/2016\/03\/home-slider3-1600-fr.jpg\" alt=\"\" class=\"banner-image-wide\">\r\n <img src=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/wp-content\/uploads\/2016\/03\/home-slider3-1200-fr.jpg\" alt=\"\" class=\"banner-image\">\r\n <\/li>\r\n <\/ul>\r\n <form role=\"search\" method=\"get\" class=\"search-form\" action=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/\">\r\n <div class=\"fields\">\r\n <label for=\"carousel-search\" class=\"screen-reader\">Search<\/label>\r\n <input type=\"text\" id=\"carousel-search\" value=\"\" name=\"s\" placeholder=\"Recherche…\">\r\n <button type=\"submit\" title=\"Rechercher\"><span>Rechercher<\/span><\/button>\r\n <\/div>\r\n <\/form>\r\n <\/div><div class=\"slider-wrapper\">\r\n\r\n\r\n <div class=\"slider\">\r\n <div class=\"main-text\"> <img src=\"\/wp-content\/uploads\/2016\/10\/slider_logo_french.png\" class=\"slider-logo\" alt=\"Le Sexe et Moi\">\r\n <img src=\"\/wp-content\/uploads\/2016\/10\/taglines_french.png\" class=\"slider-taglines\" alt=\"Votre ressource de confiance en mati\u00e8re de sant\u00e9 sexualle et g\u00e9n\u00e9sique.\"> <\/div>\r\n\r\n <!-- PUT DIVS THAT ANIMATE FIRST, LAST -->\r\n\r\n <ul>\r\n <li class=\"left-slider\"><\/li>\r\n <li class=\"right-slider\"><\/li>\r\n <li class=\"left-slider\"><\/li>\r\n <li class=\"right-slider\"><\/li>\r\n <li class=\"left-slider\"><\/li>\r\n <li class=\"right-slider\"><\/li>\r\n <\/ul>\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\n <svg width=\"0\" height=\"0\">\r\n <clipPath id=\"left-clipping\">\r\n <polygon points=\"0 100%,23% 100%,63.5% 0,0 0\">\r\n <\/polygon>\r\n <\/clipPath>\r\n\r\n\r\n <clipPath id=\"right-clipping\">\r\n <polygon points=\"23% 100%,100% 100%,100% 0,63.5% 0\">\r\n <\/polygon>\r\n <\/clipPath>\r\n <\/svg>\r\n\r\n <div class=\"slider-overlay\"><\/div>\r\n\r\n <\/div>\r\n\r\n <form role=\"search\" method=\"get\" class=\"search-form\" action=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/\">\r\n <div class=\"fields\">\r\n <label for=\"desktop-search\" class=\"screen-reader\">Search<\/label>\r\n <input type=\"text\" id=\"desktop-search\" value=\"\" name=\"s\" placeholder=\"Recherche…\">\r\n <button type=\"submit\" title=\"Rechercher\"><span>Rechercher<\/span><\/button>\r\n <\/div>\r\n <\/form>\r\n <\/div>\r\n<div id=\"intro-box\">\r\n <div class=\"inner\">\r\n <main role=\"main\" class=\"boxed content\">\r\n <header id=\"entry-header\">\r\n <h1 class=\"entry-title\">Qu\u2019est-ce que le site lesexeetmoi.ca?<\/h1>\r\n <\/header>\r\n <p>Le site leSexeetMoi.ca adopte une approche pragmatique pour traiter de questions entourant la sexualit\u00e9 qui se trouvent au c\u0153ur des pr\u00e9occupations des Canadiens. Qu\u2019il s\u2019agisse de discussions sur le sujet, de mode de vie, de sensibilisation \u00e0 la contraception ou d\u2019infections transmissibles sexuellement, leSexeetMoi.ca propose des renseignements pr\u00e9cis, cr\u00e9dibles et d\u2019actualit\u00e9 en vue d\u2019\u00e9duquer la population en mati\u00e8re de sant\u00e9 sexuelle et reproductive.<\/p>\n<p>Ce site est une initiative de la Soci\u00e9t\u00e9 des obst\u00e9triciens et gyn\u00e9cologues du Canada, chef de file canadien en mati\u00e8re de sant\u00e9 sexuelle et reproductive.<\/p>\n <\/main>\r\n <\/div>\r\n<\/div>\r\n\r\n<div id=\"buckets\">\r\n <div class=\"bucket theme-color-1 x2\">\r\n <article style=\"background-image:url(https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/wp-content\/uploads\/2016\/10\/no_means_no.jpg);\">\r\n <div class=\"outer-wrapper\">\r\n <div class=\"content\">\r\n <div class=\"inner-wrapper\">\r\n <h2 class=\"large-title\">Non c'est non<\/h2>\r\n <p>Le consentement est un accord volontaire de se livrer \u00e0 une activit\u00e9 sexuelle.<\/p>\n\r\n <div class=\"button-holder\">\r\n <a href=\"http:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/consent\/what-is-consent\/\" class=\"button\">En savoir plus<\/a>\r\n <\/div>\r\n <\/div>\r\n <\/div>\r\n <\/div>\r\n <\/article>\r\n <\/div>\r\n <div class=\"bucket theme-color-1 x1\">\r\n <article style=\"background-image:url(https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/wp-content\/uploads\/2018\/08\/SOGC_12364_ItsAPlan_WebBanner_400x500_FR.jpg);\">\r\n <div class=\"outer-wrapper\">\r\n <div class=\"content\">\r\n <div class=\"inner-wrapper\">\r\n <h2 class=\"large-title\"> <\/h2>\r\n <p>Un guide pour bien choisir sa contraception. <\/p>\n\r\n <div class=\"button-holder\">\r\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/contraception\/its-a-plan\/\" class=\"button\">En savoir plus<\/a>\r\n <\/div>\r\n <\/div>\r\n <\/div>\r\n <\/div>\r\n <\/article>\r\n <\/div>\r\n <div class=\"bucket theme-color-5 x1\">\r\n <article style=\"\">\r\n <div class=\"outer-wrapper\">\r\n <div class=\"content\">\r\n <div class=\"inner-wrapper\">\r\n <h2 class=\"large-title\">D\u00e9couvrez les changements de votre corps<\/h2>\r\n \r\n <div class=\"button-holder\">\r\n <a href=\"http:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/your-body\/\" class=\"button\">En savoir plus<\/a>\r\n <\/div>\r\n <\/div>\r\n <\/div>\r\n <\/div>\r\n <\/article>\r\n <\/div>\r\n <div class=\"bucket theme-color-5 x2\">\r\n <article style=\"background-image:url(https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/wp-content\/uploads\/2018\/08\/SOGC_12364_SOS_400x500_FR.jpg);\">\r\n <div class=\"outer-wrapper\">\r\n <div class=\"content\">\r\n <div class=\"inner-wrapper\">\r\n <h2 class=\"large-title\">SOS - Reprenez le rythme<\/h2>\r\n <p>Votre guide de contraception en cas de dose oubli\u00e9e ou prolong\u00e9e<\/p>\n\r\n <div class=\"button-holder\">\r\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.sexandu.ca\/fr\/contraception\/reprenez-le-rythme\/\" class=\"button\">En savoir plus<\/a>\r\n <\/div>\r\n <\/div>\r\n <\/div>\r\n <\/div>\r\n <\/article>\r\n <\/div>\r\n <div class=\"bucket subscribe theme-color-4\">\r\n <article>\r\n <div class=\"outer-wrapper\">\r\n <div class=\"content\">\r\n <div class=\"inner-wrapper\">\r\n <h2 class=\"large-title\">Inscrivez-vous \u00e0 notre liste d\u2019envoi<\/h2>\r\n <p>Restez au fait des derni\u00e8res nouvelles en mati\u00e8re de sant\u00e9 sexuelle.<\/p>\n\r\n <div role=\"form\" class=\"wpcf7\" id=\"wpcf7-f563-o1\" lang=\"en-US\" dir=\"ltr\">\n<div class=\"screen-reader-response\"><\/div>\n<form action=\"\/fr\/#wpcf7-f563-o1\" method=\"post\" class=\"wpcf7-form mailchimp-ext-0.4.50\" novalidate=\"novalidate\">\n<div style=\"display: none;\">\n<input type=\"hidden\" name=\"_wpcf7\" value=\"563\" \/>\n<input type=\"hidden\" name=\"_wpcf7_version\" value=\"4.9.1\" \/>\n<input type=\"hidden\" name=\"_wpcf7_locale\" value=\"en_US\" \/>\n<input type=\"hidden\" name=\"_wpcf7_unit_tag\" value=\"wpcf7-f563-o1\" \/>\n<input type=\"hidden\" name=\"_wpcf7_container_post\" value=\"0\" \/>\n<\/div>\n<label class=\"nice-placeholder\"><span 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Just the best tools for your campaign.\">\n\n <title>iPetitions - Online petition - Free petitions<\/title>\n <link rel=\"icon\" href=\"\/images\/common\/favicon.ico\" type=\"image\/x-icon\">\n\n <link rel=\"stylesheet\" href=\"https:\/\/cdn.ipetitions.com\/css\/homepage.css?id=2ba7c3ebcd714effd183\">\n<\/head>\n<body class=\"homepage\">\n<!-- Google Tag Manager (noscript) -->\n<noscript><iframe src=\"https:\/\/www.googletagmanager.com\/ns.html?id=GTM-PTJCQMZ\" height=\"0\" width=\"0\" style=\"display:none;visibility:hidden\"><\/iframe><\/noscript>\n<!-- End Google Tag Manager (noscript) -->\n<div id=\"fb-root\"><\/div>\n\n<div class=\"main-wrapper\">\n <header>\n <div class=\"main-slider-wrapper\">\n <div class=\"mobileimg mobile-only\">\n <div class=\"caption-text\">\n Create a Free Petition<br \/>\n <span>Your voice counts<\/span>\n <\/div>\n <\/div>\n <ul class=\"main-slider mobile-hidden\">\n <li>\n <img src=\"https:\/\/cdn.ipetitions.com\/images\/homepage\/slide2.jpg\">\n <\/li>\n <li>\n <img src=\"https:\/\/cdn.ipetitions.com\/images\/homepage\/slide3.jpg\">\n <\/li>\n <li>\n <img src=\"https:\/\/cdn.ipetitions.com\/images\/homepage\/slide4.jpg\">\n <\/li>\n <\/ul>\n <div class=\"slider-content\">\n <div class=\"caption-text\">\n Create Your Free Petition<br\/>\n 3 Easy Steps\n <\/div>\n <div id=\"bx-pager\" class=\"desktop-only\">\n <ul class=\"clearfix\">\n <li>\n <a class=\"pager-item1\" data-slide-index=\"0\" href=\"\/start-petition\">Enter petition details<\/a>\n <\/li>\n <li>\n <a class=\"pager-item2\" data-slide-index=\"1\" href=\"\/start-petition\">Enter your info<\/a>\n <\/li>\n <li>\n <a class=\"pager-item3\" data-slide-index=\"2\" href=\"\/start-petition\">Collect signatures<\/a>\n <\/li>\n <\/ul>\n <\/div>\n <a class=\"petition-button\" href=\"\/start-petition\">START A PETITION NOW<\/a>\n <\/div>\n <\/div>\n\n <div class=\"top-nav-line clearfix\">\n <div class=\"container\">\n <a href=\"\/\" class=\"logo\"><\/a>\n <nav>\n <div class=\"top-nav-wrapper\">\n <div class=\"top-nav-menu\"><\/div>\n <ul class=\"top-nav\">\n\n \n <li><a href=\"\/login\">Sign In<\/a><\/li>\n <li class=\"desktop-only\"><span class=\"guest\">or<\/span><\/li>\n <li><a href=\"\/register\">Join<\/a><\/li>\n <li class=\"desktop-only\"> <\/li>\n\n \n <li class=\"search\">\n <a class=\"search\" href=\"javascript:void(0);\">\n <form class=\"search\" action=\"\/search\">\n <input name=\"q\" placeholder=\"Search...\" type=\"text\"\/>\n <\/form>\n <\/a>\n <form action=\"\" class=\"search-form hidden\">\n <input text=\"Search\" type=\"text\"\/>\n <\/form>\n <\/li>\n <li><a class=\"donate\" href=\"\/contribute\">Contribute<\/a><\/li>\n\n <\/ul>\n <\/div>\n <\/nav>\n <\/div>\n <\/div>\n <\/header>\n\n <div class=\"description-unit\">\n <div class=\"container\">\n <div class=\"title\">\n Free Online Petitions\n <\/div>\n <div class=\"description\">\n Create a powerful online petition in just a few minutes. No technical knowledge is needed to start your online petition. 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<\/div>\n <\/div>\n <div class=\"tabs-content-wrapper\">\n <div class=\"container\">\n <div id=\"tab-1\" class=\"tab-content current\">\n <\/div>\n <div id=\"tab-2\" class=\"tab-content\">\n <\/div>\n <\/div>\n <\/div>\n <\/div>\n\n <div class=\"home-stories clearfix\">\n <div class=\"container\">\n <h2>SUCCESS STORIES<\/h2>\n <div class=\"stories-scroll-wrapper clearfix\">\n <div class=\"successstories\">\n <div class=\"storeContent\"><\/div>\n <\/div>\n <a class=\"nextStories\"><\/a>\n <a class=\"prevStories\"><\/a>\n <\/div>\n <a class=\"more\" href=\"\/success-stories\">SEE ALL<\/a>\n <div class=\"one-pix\"><\/div>\n <\/div>\n <\/div>\n<\/div>\n\n<div id=\"markerOverlay\"><\/div>\n<script type=\"text\/template\" id=\"mapMarker\">\n <div class=\"spot\">\n <div class=\"location\">\n <img class=\"loc-avatar\" src=\"<%- data.user.avatar_thumb %>\" alt=\"avatar\" \/>\n <div class=\"user-info\">\n <div class=\"supporters\">\n <div class=\"left-block\">\n <a href=\"<%- data.petition.url 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}); <\/script> <\/div><\/div>\n\t\t<div class=\"ad show-for-small-only\"><div id='div-gpt-ad-1414104296310-5'> <script type='text\/javascript'> googletag.cmd.push(function() { googletag.display('div-gpt-ad-1414104296310-5'); }); <\/script> <\/div><\/div>\n\t<\/div>\t<header>\n\t\t<div class=\"featImg\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<img width=\"1024\" height=\"683\" src=\"http:\/\/assets.feministing.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2018\/11\/devos.jpg\" class=\"attachment-post-thumbnail wp-post-image\" alt=\"Donald Trump Holds Weekend Meetings In Bedminster, NJ\" \/>\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"http:\/\/feministing.com\/2018\/11\/26\/proposed-title-ix-changes-favor-accused-rapists-and-harm-survivors\/\"><div class=\"overlay\"><\/div><\/a>\n\t\t<\/div>\n\t\t<div class=\"meta\"><a href=\"http:\/\/feministing.com\/2018\/11\/26\/proposed-title-ix-changes-favor-accused-rapists-and-harm-survivors\/\"><img alt='' src='http:\/\/1.gravatar.com\/avatar\/3a2333ef7b5e0cb372709712d6f01bec?s=135&d=http%3A%2F%2F1.gravatar.com%2Favatar%2Fad516503a11cd5ca435acc9bb6523536%3Fs%3D135&r=G' class='avatar visible-for-medium-up avatar-135 photo' height='135' width='135' \/><img alt='' src='http:\/\/1.gravatar.com\/avatar\/3a2333ef7b5e0cb372709712d6f01bec?s=65&d=http%3A%2F%2F1.gravatar.com%2Favatar%2Fad516503a11cd5ca435acc9bb6523536%3Fs%3D65&r=G' class='avatar visible-for-small-only avatar-65 photo' height='65' width='65' \/><span class=\"byline\">By Kylie Cheung • 1 day ago<\/span><time class=\"updated\" datetime=\"2018-11-26T09:27:07+00:00\"><\/time><\/a><\/div>\t\t<h2><a href=\"http:\/\/feministing.com\/2018\/11\/26\/proposed-title-ix-changes-favor-accused-rapists-and-harm-survivors\/\">Proposed Title IX Changes Favor Accused Rapists and Harm Survivors<\/a><\/h2>\n\t<\/header>\n\t<div class=\"entry-content\">\n\t\t\t\t\t<p><span style=\"font-weight: 400;\">Last week, Education Secretary Betsy <\/span><a href=\"https:\/\/www.thecut.com\/2018\/11\/betsy-devos-proposes-new-sexual-assault-policy.html\"><span style=\"font-weight: 400;\">DeVos released long-awaited proposed Title IX policy changes<\/span><\/a><span style=\"font-weight: 400;\">. The policy proposals came after more than a year of promises to strengthen the rights of students accused of sexual violence on college campuses, and DeVos certainly did not disappoint the Trump administration\u2019s growing base of rape apologists.<br \/>\n<\/span><\/p>\n\t\t\t<\/div>\n\t<footer>\n\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"http:\/\/feministing.com\/2018\/11\/26\/proposed-title-ix-changes-favor-accused-rapists-and-harm-survivors\/\" class=\"readMore\">Read More<\/a>\n\t\t\t<\/footer>\n<\/article>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/div>\n\n\t<div class=\"twoCols\">\n\t\t<article id=\"post-132135\" class=\"post-132135 post type-post status-publish format-standard has-post-thumbnail hentry category-uncategorized tag-election tag-politics tag-senate new medium-6\">\n\t<header>\n\t\t<div class=\"featImg\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<img width=\"1400\" height=\"914\" src=\"http:\/\/assets.feministing.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2018\/11\/111th_US_Senate_class_photo.jpg\" class=\"attachment-post-thumbnail wp-post-image\" alt=\"111th_US_Senate_class_photo\" \/>\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"http:\/\/feministing.com\/2018\/11\/16\/how-the-senates-structure-upholds-white-male-dominance\/\"><div class=\"overlay\"><\/div><\/a>\n\t\t<\/div>\n\t\t<div class=\"meta\"><a href=\"http:\/\/feministing.com\/2018\/11\/16\/how-the-senates-structure-upholds-white-male-dominance\/\"><img alt='' src='http:\/\/1.gravatar.com\/avatar\/3a2333ef7b5e0cb372709712d6f01bec?s=96&d=http%3A%2F%2F1.gravatar.com%2Favatar%2Fad516503a11cd5ca435acc9bb6523536%3Fs%3D96&r=G' class='avatar visible-for-medium-up avatar-96 photo' height='96' width='96' \/><img alt='' src='http:\/\/1.gravatar.com\/avatar\/3a2333ef7b5e0cb372709712d6f01bec?s=65&d=http%3A%2F%2F1.gravatar.com%2Favatar%2Fad516503a11cd5ca435acc9bb6523536%3Fs%3D65&r=G' class='avatar visible-for-small-only avatar-65 photo' height='65' width='65' \/><span class=\"byline\">By Kylie Cheung • 1 week ago<\/span><time class=\"updated\" datetime=\"2018-11-16T17:59:18+00:00\"><\/time><\/a><\/div>\t\t<h2><a href=\"http:\/\/feministing.com\/2018\/11\/16\/how-the-senates-structure-upholds-white-male-dominance\/\">How the Senate’s Structure Upholds White Male Dominance<\/a><\/h2>\n\t<\/header>\n\t<div class=\"entry-content\">\n\t\t<div class=\"show-for-medium-up\"><p><span style=\"font-weight: 400;\">In last week\u2019s midterm elections, Democratic and progressive political candidates flipped red House districts, key state legislative bodies, governors\u2019 offices, and even Senate seats in Nevada and Arizona. We\u2019ve elected one of the most diverse Congressional classes in history, with historic numbers of women and LGBTQ representatives, including the first Muslim and Native American women representatives.<br \/>\n<\/span><\/p>\n<\/div>\n\t\t<div class=\"show-for-small-only\"><p><span style=\"font-weight: 400;\">In last week\u2019s midterm elections, Democratic and progressive political candidates flipped red House districts, key state legislative bodies, governors\u2019 offices, and even Senate seats in Nevada and Arizona. We\u2019ve elected one of the most diverse ...<\/span><\/p><\/div>\n\t<\/div>\n\t<footer>\n\t\t<a href=\"http:\/\/feministing.com\/2018\/11\/16\/how-the-senates-structure-upholds-white-male-dominance\/\" class=\"readMore\">Read More<\/a>\n\t<\/footer>\n<\/article>\n<article id=\"post-132123\" class=\"post-132123 post type-post status-publish format-standard has-post-thumbnail hentry category-uncategorized tag-metoo tag-brett-kavanaugh tag-election-day tag-sexual-violence new medium-6\">\n\t<header>\n\t\t<div class=\"featImg\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<img width=\"928\" height=\"523\" src=\"http:\/\/assets.feministing.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2018\/11\/brett.jpg\" class=\"attachment-post-thumbnail wp-post-image\" alt=\"brett kavanaugh\" \/>\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"http:\/\/feministing.com\/2018\/11\/06\/lets-channel-the-power-of-metoo-to-the-polls-today\/\"><div class=\"overlay\"><\/div><\/a>\n\t\t<\/div>\n\t\t<div class=\"meta\"><a href=\"http:\/\/feministing.com\/2018\/11\/06\/lets-channel-the-power-of-metoo-to-the-polls-today\/\"><img alt='' src='http:\/\/1.gravatar.com\/avatar\/3a2333ef7b5e0cb372709712d6f01bec?s=96&d=http%3A%2F%2F1.gravatar.com%2Favatar%2Fad516503a11cd5ca435acc9bb6523536%3Fs%3D96&r=G' class='avatar visible-for-medium-up avatar-96 photo' height='96' width='96' \/><img alt='' src='http:\/\/1.gravatar.com\/avatar\/3a2333ef7b5e0cb372709712d6f01bec?s=65&d=http%3A%2F%2F1.gravatar.com%2Favatar%2Fad516503a11cd5ca435acc9bb6523536%3Fs%3D65&r=G' class='avatar visible-for-small-only avatar-65 photo' height='65' width='65' \/><span class=\"byline\">By Kylie Cheung • 3 weeks ago<\/span><time class=\"updated\" datetime=\"2018-11-06T12:52:54+00:00\"><\/time><\/a><\/div>\t\t<h2><a href=\"http:\/\/feministing.com\/2018\/11\/06\/lets-channel-the-power-of-metoo-to-the-polls-today\/\">Let’s channel the power of #MeToo to the polls today<\/a><\/h2>\n\t<\/header>\n\t<div class=\"entry-content\">\n\t\t<div class=\"show-for-medium-up\"><p>The past year has seen mounting consciousness of issues of violence, harassment and targeted abuse of women due to the #MeToo movement, which has led to accountability for several powerful men accused of abusing women, and greater awareness of women\u2019s day-to-day experiences. <\/p>\n<\/div>\n\t\t<div class=\"show-for-small-only\"><p>The past year has seen mounting consciousness of issues of violence, harassment and targeted abuse of women due to the #MeToo movement, which has led to accountability for several powerful men accused of abusing women, and greater ...<\/p><\/div>\n\t<\/div>\n\t<footer>\n\t\t<a href=\"http:\/\/feministing.com\/2018\/11\/06\/lets-channel-the-power-of-metoo-to-the-polls-today\/\" class=\"readMore\">Read More<\/a>\n\t<\/footer>\n<\/article>\n<article id=\"post-132106\" class=\"post-132106 post type-post status-publish format-standard has-post-thumbnail hentry category-uncategorized tag-abortion-access tag-reproductive-rights tag-roe-v-wade tag-supreme-court new medium-6\">\n\t<header>\n\t\t<div class=\"featImg\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<img width=\"1500\" height=\"843\" src=\"http:\/\/assets.feministing.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2018\/10\/abortion-pill_wide-ce7dbb87eee88c5892b979374156df14b25fe16f-s1500-c85.jpg\" class=\"attachment-post-thumbnail wp-post-image\" alt=\"abortion-pill_wide-ce7dbb87eee88c5892b979374156df14b25fe16f-s1500-c85\" \/>\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"http:\/\/feministing.com\/2018\/10\/25\/why-dont-we-believe-womens-warnings-about-roe-v-wade\/\"><div class=\"overlay\"><\/div><\/a>\n\t\t<\/div>\n\t\t<div class=\"meta\"><a href=\"http:\/\/feministing.com\/2018\/10\/25\/why-dont-we-believe-womens-warnings-about-roe-v-wade\/\"><img alt='' src='http:\/\/1.gravatar.com\/avatar\/3a2333ef7b5e0cb372709712d6f01bec?s=96&d=http%3A%2F%2F1.gravatar.com%2Favatar%2Fad516503a11cd5ca435acc9bb6523536%3Fs%3D96&r=G' class='avatar visible-for-medium-up avatar-96 photo' height='96' width='96' \/><img alt='' src='http:\/\/1.gravatar.com\/avatar\/3a2333ef7b5e0cb372709712d6f01bec?s=65&d=http%3A%2F%2F1.gravatar.com%2Favatar%2Fad516503a11cd5ca435acc9bb6523536%3Fs%3D65&r=G' class='avatar visible-for-small-only avatar-65 photo' height='65' width='65' \/><span class=\"byline\">By Kylie Cheung • 1 month ago<\/span><time class=\"updated\" datetime=\"2018-10-25T12:49:44+00:00\"><\/time><\/a><\/div>\t\t<h2><a href=\"http:\/\/feministing.com\/2018\/10\/25\/why-dont-we-believe-womens-warnings-about-roe-v-wade\/\">Why don’t we believe women’s warnings about Roe v. Wade?<\/a><\/h2>\n\t<\/header>\n\t<div class=\"entry-content\">\n\t\t<div class=\"show-for-medium-up\"><p>Last week, <i>The Atlantic<\/i> reported that a popular, Netherlands-based online group that ships medication <a href=\"https:\/\/www.theatlantic.com\/health\/archive\/2018\/10\/women-on-web-safe-abortion-mail\/573322\/\">abortion pills anywhere in the world has officially begun shipping to the United States<\/a>. <a href=\"http:\/\/feministing.com\/2015\/06\/23\/first-flight-of-abortion-drone-will-deliver-abortion-pills-from-germany-to-poland\/\">Women on the Web<\/a>\u2019s sister site, Aid Access, has already <a href=\"http:\/\/feministing.com\/2015\/01\/14\/watch-the-new-doc-on-one-doctors-quest-to-offer-safe-abortion-where-its-illegal\/\">shipped pills<\/a> to more than 600 U.S.-based women as of last week, after originally citing concerns of opposition from powerful American anti-choice groups. <\/p>\n<\/div>\n\t\t<div class=\"show-for-small-only\"><p>Last week, <i>The Atlantic<\/i> reported that a popular, Netherlands-based online group that ships medication <a href=\"https:\/\/www.theatlantic.com\/health\/archive\/2018\/10\/women-on-web-safe-abortion-mail\/573322\/\">abortion pills anywhere in the world has officially begun shipping to the United States<\/a>. <a href=\"http:\/\/feministing.com\/2015\/06\/23\/first-flight-of-abortion-drone-will-deliver-abortion-pills-from-germany-to-poland\/\">Women on the Web<\/a>\u2019s sister site, Aid ...<\/p><\/div>\n\t<\/div>\n\t<footer>\n\t\t<a href=\"http:\/\/feministing.com\/2018\/10\/25\/why-dont-we-believe-womens-warnings-about-roe-v-wade\/\" class=\"readMore\">Read More<\/a>\n\t<\/footer>\n<\/article>\n<article id=\"post-132083\" class=\"post-132083 post type-post status-publish format-standard has-post-thumbnail hentry category-uncategorized tag-metoo tag-brett-kavanaugh tag-christine-blasley-ford tag-sexual-violence new medium-6\">\n\t<header>\n\t\t<div class=\"featImg\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<img width=\"1900\" height=\"769\" src=\"http:\/\/assets.feministing.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2018\/09\/3166-e1538148961705.jpg\" class=\"attachment-post-thumbnail wp-post-image\" alt=\"Kavanaugh looking angry while scowling women look on\" \/>\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"http:\/\/feministing.com\/2018\/09\/28\/the-kavanaugh-hearing-puts-white-male-entitlement-on-angry-display\/\"><div class=\"overlay\"><\/div><\/a>\n\t\t<\/div>\n\t\t<div class=\"meta\"><a href=\"http:\/\/feministing.com\/2018\/09\/28\/the-kavanaugh-hearing-puts-white-male-entitlement-on-angry-display\/\"><img alt='' src='http:\/\/1.gravatar.com\/avatar\/994b59a1a9594ce0bda03e42e27de158?s=96&d=http%3A%2F%2F1.gravatar.com%2Favatar%2Fad516503a11cd5ca435acc9bb6523536%3Fs%3D96&r=G' class='avatar visible-for-medium-up avatar-96 photo' height='96' width='96' \/><img alt='' src='http:\/\/1.gravatar.com\/avatar\/994b59a1a9594ce0bda03e42e27de158?s=65&d=http%3A%2F%2F1.gravatar.com%2Favatar%2Fad516503a11cd5ca435acc9bb6523536%3Fs%3D65&r=G' class='avatar visible-for-small-only avatar-65 photo' height='65' width='65' \/><span class=\"byline\">By Emma Goldberg • 2 months ago<\/span><time class=\"updated\" datetime=\"2018-09-28T11:09:45+00:00\"><\/time><\/a><\/div>\t\t<h2><a href=\"http:\/\/feministing.com\/2018\/09\/28\/the-kavanaugh-hearing-puts-white-male-entitlement-on-angry-display\/\">The Kavanaugh hearing puts white male entitlement on angry display<\/a><\/h2>\n\t<\/header>\n\t<div class=\"entry-content\">\n\t\t<div class=\"show-for-medium-up\"><p>It takes a very particular, a very insidious kind of entitlement to convince a man that he has earned a Supreme Court seat. But if there\u2019s anything to be taken from Brett Kavanaugh\u2019s testimony on Thursday, it\u2019s exactly that \u2014 he believes he\u2019s won this appointment fair and square. <\/p>\n<\/div>\n\t\t<div class=\"show-for-small-only\"><p>It takes a very particular, a very insidious kind of entitlement to convince a man that he has earned a Supreme Court seat. But if there\u2019s anything to be taken from Brett Kavanaugh\u2019s testimony on Thursday, it\u2019s ...<\/p><\/div>\n\t<\/div>\n\t<footer>\n\t\t<a href=\"http:\/\/feministing.com\/2018\/09\/28\/the-kavanaugh-hearing-puts-white-male-entitlement-on-angry-display\/\" class=\"readMore\">Read More<\/a>\n\t<\/footer>\n<\/article>\n<article id=\"post-132063\" class=\"post-132063 post type-post status-publish format-standard has-post-thumbnail hentry category-uncategorized tag-cancelkavanaugh tag-midterms tag-powertothepolls tag-gotv new medium-6\">\n\t<header>\n\t\t<div class=\"featImg\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<img width=\"2028\" height=\"911\" src=\"http:\/\/assets.feministing.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2018\/09\/IMG_8213.jpg\" class=\"attachment-post-thumbnail wp-post-image\" alt=\"IMG_8213\" \/>\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"http:\/\/feministing.com\/2018\/09\/28\/a-midterm-season-for-everyone\/\"><div class=\"overlay\"><\/div><\/a>\n\t\t<\/div>\n\t\t<div class=\"meta\"><a href=\"http:\/\/feministing.com\/2018\/09\/28\/a-midterm-season-for-everyone\/\"><img alt='' src='http:\/\/0.gravatar.com\/avatar\/6339bf614e7a8444ecdc432ee0af1e9a?s=96&d=http%3A%2F%2F0.gravatar.com%2Favatar%2Fad516503a11cd5ca435acc9bb6523536%3Fs%3D96&r=G' class='avatar visible-for-medium-up avatar-96 photo' height='96' width='96' \/><img alt='' src='http:\/\/0.gravatar.com\/avatar\/6339bf614e7a8444ecdc432ee0af1e9a?s=65&d=http%3A%2F%2F0.gravatar.com%2Favatar%2Fad516503a11cd5ca435acc9bb6523536%3Fs%3D65&r=G' class='avatar visible-for-small-only avatar-65 photo' height='65' width='65' \/><span class=\"byline\">By Bob Bland • 2 months ago<\/span><time class=\"updated\" datetime=\"2018-09-28T09:00:35+00:00\"><\/time><\/a><\/div>\t\t<h2><a href=\"http:\/\/feministing.com\/2018\/09\/28\/a-midterm-season-for-everyone\/\">A Midterm Season for Everyone<\/a><\/h2>\n\t<\/header>\n\t<div class=\"entry-content\">\n\t\t<div class=\"show-for-medium-up\"><p><span style=\"font-weight: 400;\">There were a lot of labels I wore pre-2016 election \u2014 designer, artist, entrepreneur. Political activist, however, wasn\u2019t an identity that I claimed. I would not have called myself a movement leader. But in November 2016, infuriated by Donald Trump\u2019s election, I co-founded the Women\u2019s March and helped to lead and organize the largest mass protest in U.S. history.<\/span><\/p>\n<\/div>\n\t\t<div class=\"show-for-small-only\"><p><span style=\"font-weight: 400;\">There were a lot of labels I wore pre-2016 election \u2014 designer, artist, entrepreneur. Political activist, however, wasn\u2019t an identity that I claimed. I would not have called myself a movement leader. But in November ...<\/span><\/p><\/div>\n\t<\/div>\n\t<footer>\n\t\t<a href=\"http:\/\/feministing.com\/2018\/09\/28\/a-midterm-season-for-everyone\/\" class=\"readMore\">Read More<\/a>\n\t<\/footer>\n<\/article>\n<article id=\"post-132044\" class=\"post-132044 post type-post status-publish format-standard has-post-thumbnail hentry category-uncategorized tag-hindutva tag-india tag-protest tag-south-asian tag-world-hindu-congress new medium-6\">\n\t<header>\n\t\t<div class=\"featImg\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<img width=\"1024\" height=\"496\" src=\"http:\/\/assets.feministing.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2018\/09\/vp-whc-e1537904161743.jpg\" class=\"attachment-post-thumbnail wp-post-image\" alt=\"vp whc\" \/>\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"http:\/\/feministing.com\/2018\/09\/26\/why-these-activists-are-protesting-hindu-nationalism-in-trumps-america\/\"><div class=\"overlay\"><\/div><\/a>\n\t\t<\/div>\n\t\t<div class=\"meta\"><a href=\"http:\/\/feministing.com\/2018\/09\/26\/why-these-activists-are-protesting-hindu-nationalism-in-trumps-america\/\"><img alt='' src='http:\/\/1.gravatar.com\/avatar\/b89fec23a33d0f2fd2deb74d3c8e91d8?s=96&d=http%3A%2F%2F1.gravatar.com%2Favatar%2Fad516503a11cd5ca435acc9bb6523536%3Fs%3D96&r=G' class='avatar visible-for-medium-up avatar-96 photo' height='96' width='96' \/><img alt='' src='http:\/\/1.gravatar.com\/avatar\/b89fec23a33d0f2fd2deb74d3c8e91d8?s=65&d=http%3A%2F%2F1.gravatar.com%2Favatar%2Fad516503a11cd5ca435acc9bb6523536%3Fs%3D65&r=G' class='avatar visible-for-small-only avatar-65 photo' height='65' width='65' \/><span class=\"byline\">By Reina Gattuso • 2 months ago<\/span><time class=\"updated\" datetime=\"2018-09-26T10:00:37+00:00\"><\/time><\/a><\/div>\t\t<h2><a href=\"http:\/\/feministing.com\/2018\/09\/26\/why-these-activists-are-protesting-hindu-nationalism-in-trumps-america\/\">Why These Activists Are Protesting Hindu Nationalism in Trump’s America<\/a><\/h2>\n\t<\/header>\n\t<div class=\"entry-content\">\n\t\t<div class=\"show-for-medium-up\"><p>On Friday, September 7th, six activists from Chicago South Asians for Justice stood up in the middle of the plenary panel of the World Hindu Congress in Chicago to voice their resistance to the Hindu nationalist political movement currently ascendant in India. <\/p>\n<\/div>\n\t\t<div class=\"show-for-small-only\"><p>On Friday, September 7th, six activists from Chicago South Asians for Justice stood up in the middle of the plenary panel of the World Hindu Congress in Chicago to voice their resistance to the Hindu nationalist political ...<\/p><\/div>\n\t<\/div>\n\t<footer>\n\t\t<a href=\"http:\/\/feministing.com\/2018\/09\/26\/why-these-activists-are-protesting-hindu-nationalism-in-trumps-america\/\" class=\"readMore\">Read More<\/a>\n\t<\/footer>\n<\/article>\n<article id=\"post-132056\" class=\"post-132056 post type-post status-publish format-standard has-post-thumbnail hentry category-uncategorized tag-bathroom-bills tag-massachusetts tag-trans-activism tag-transphobia new medium-6\">\n\t<header>\n\t\t<div class=\"featImg\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<img width=\"960\" height=\"376\" src=\"http:\/\/assets.feministing.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2018\/09\/FFAMA-e1537894011703.png\" class=\"attachment-post-thumbnail wp-post-image\" alt=\"Text says "Defend Transgender Protections in MA!" Picture of hands holding trans and gay pride flags on a green background\" \/>\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"http:\/\/feministing.com\/2018\/09\/25\/legal-protections-for-trans-massachusetts-residents-hang-in-the-balance-2\/\"><div class=\"overlay\"><\/div><\/a>\n\t\t<\/div>\n\t\t<div class=\"meta\"><a href=\"http:\/\/feministing.com\/2018\/09\/25\/legal-protections-for-trans-massachusetts-residents-hang-in-the-balance-2\/\"><img alt='' src='http:\/\/1.gravatar.com\/avatar\/5bf8f3a7e689b014ea2891b99d949c11?s=96&d=http%3A%2F%2F1.gravatar.com%2Favatar%2Fad516503a11cd5ca435acc9bb6523536%3Fs%3D96&r=G' class='avatar visible-for-medium-up avatar-96 photo' height='96' width='96' \/><img alt='' src='http:\/\/1.gravatar.com\/avatar\/5bf8f3a7e689b014ea2891b99d949c11?s=65&d=http%3A%2F%2F1.gravatar.com%2Favatar%2Fad516503a11cd5ca435acc9bb6523536%3Fs%3D65&r=G' class='avatar visible-for-small-only avatar-65 photo' height='65' width='65' \/><span class=\"byline\">By Jess Fournier • 2 months ago<\/span><time class=\"updated\" datetime=\"2018-09-25T13:41:32+00:00\"><\/time><\/a><\/div>\t\t<h2><a href=\"http:\/\/feministing.com\/2018\/09\/25\/legal-protections-for-trans-massachusetts-residents-hang-in-the-balance-2\/\">Legal protections for trans Massachusetts residents hang in the balance<\/a><\/h2>\n\t<\/header>\n\t<div class=\"entry-content\">\n\t\t<div class=\"show-for-medium-up\"><p><span style=\"font-weight: 400;\">On Election Day, Massachusetts voters will decide whether or not to uphold an <\/span><a href=\"https:\/\/www.aclum.org\/en\/news\/celebrating-historic-victory-transgender-equality-massachusetts\" target=\"_blank\"><span style=\"font-weight: 400;\">existing anti-discrimination law<\/span><\/a><span style=\"font-weight: 400;\"> that protects trans people\u2019s access to public accommodations.<\/span><\/p>\n<\/div>\n\t\t<div class=\"show-for-small-only\"><p><span style=\"font-weight: 400;\">On Election Day, Massachusetts voters will decide whether or not to uphold an <\/span><a href=\"https:\/\/www.aclum.org\/en\/news\/celebrating-historic-victory-transgender-equality-massachusetts\" target=\"_blank\"><span style=\"font-weight: 400;\">existing anti-discrimination law<\/span><\/a><span style=\"font-weight: 400;\"> that protects trans people\u2019s access to public accommodations.<\/span><\/p>\n<\/div>\n\t<\/div>\n\t<footer>\n\t\t<a href=\"http:\/\/feministing.com\/2018\/09\/25\/legal-protections-for-trans-massachusetts-residents-hang-in-the-balance-2\/\" class=\"readMore\">Read More<\/a>\n\t<\/footer>\n<\/article>\n<article id=\"post-132036\" class=\"post-132036 post type-post status-publish format-standard has-post-thumbnail hentry category-uncategorized tag-economic-justice tag-fight-for-15 tag-labor tag-mcdonalds tag-me-too tag-sexual-harassment tag-sexual-violence tag-strike tag-times-up new medium-6\">\n\t<header>\n\t\t<div class=\"featImg\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<img width=\"1240\" height=\"744\" src=\"http:\/\/assets.feministing.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2018\/09\/MeToo.jpg\" class=\"attachment-post-thumbnail wp-post-image\" alt=\"A woman participating in yesterday's McDonald's strike wears a baseball hat looks directly at the camera. There is a piece of blue tape over her mouth that says #MeToo. She has a blue handprint painted on the left side of her face.\" \/>\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"http:\/\/feministing.com\/2018\/09\/19\/workers-tell-mcdonalds-timesup\/\"><div class=\"overlay\"><\/div><\/a>\n\t\t<\/div>\n\t\t<div class=\"meta\"><a href=\"http:\/\/feministing.com\/2018\/09\/19\/workers-tell-mcdonalds-timesup\/\"><img alt='' src='http:\/\/1.gravatar.com\/avatar\/5bf8f3a7e689b014ea2891b99d949c11?s=96&d=http%3A%2F%2F1.gravatar.com%2Favatar%2Fad516503a11cd5ca435acc9bb6523536%3Fs%3D96&r=G' class='avatar visible-for-medium-up avatar-96 photo' height='96' width='96' \/><img alt='' src='http:\/\/1.gravatar.com\/avatar\/5bf8f3a7e689b014ea2891b99d949c11?s=65&d=http%3A%2F%2F1.gravatar.com%2Favatar%2Fad516503a11cd5ca435acc9bb6523536%3Fs%3D65&r=G' class='avatar visible-for-small-only avatar-65 photo' height='65' width='65' \/><span class=\"byline\">By Jess Fournier • 2 months ago<\/span><time class=\"updated\" datetime=\"2018-09-19T20:05:13+00:00\"><\/time><\/a><\/div>\t\t<h2><a href=\"http:\/\/feministing.com\/2018\/09\/19\/workers-tell-mcdonalds-timesup\/\">Workers Tell McDonald’s #TimesUp<\/a><\/h2>\n\t<\/header>\n\t<div class=\"entry-content\">\n\t\t<div class=\"show-for-medium-up\"><p><span style=\"font-weight: 400;\">Yesterday, McDonald\u2019s workers from <\/span><a href=\"https:\/\/www.thecut.com\/2018\/09\/mcdonalds-sexual-harassment-strike-takes-place-in-10-cities.html\" target=\"_blank\"><span style=\"font-weight: 400;\">10 cities across the U.S.<\/span><\/a><span style=\"font-weight: 400;\"> went on strike to demand the company address pervasive sexual harassment in the workplace.\u00a0\u00a0<\/span><\/p>\n<\/div>\n\t\t<div class=\"show-for-small-only\"><p><span style=\"font-weight: 400;\">Yesterday, McDonald\u2019s workers from <\/span><a href=\"https:\/\/www.thecut.com\/2018\/09\/mcdonalds-sexual-harassment-strike-takes-place-in-10-cities.html\" target=\"_blank\"><span style=\"font-weight: 400;\">10 cities across the U.S.<\/span><\/a><span style=\"font-weight: 400;\"> went on strike to demand the company address pervasive sexual harassment in the workplace.\u00a0\u00a0<\/span><\/p>\n<\/div>\n\t<\/div>\n\t<footer>\n\t\t<a href=\"http:\/\/feministing.com\/2018\/09\/19\/workers-tell-mcdonalds-timesup\/\" class=\"readMore\">Read More<\/a>\n\t<\/footer>\n<\/article>\n\t<\/div>\n\t<div class=\"colHolder\"><\/div>\n\t\n\t<div class=\"clear\"><\/div>\n\t\t\n\t\t\t<a href=\"#\" id=\"loadMore\">Load More<\/a>\n\t\n\t<\/div>\n\t<aside id=\"sidebar\" class=\"small-12 medium-3 columns\">\n\t\t<div class=\"social\">\n\t\t<a href=\"https:\/\/twitter.com\/feministing\" target=\"_blank\"><span class=\"icon-twitter\"><\/span><span class=\"text\">Twitter<\/span><\/a>\n\t\t<a href=\"http:\/\/www.facebook.com\/feministing\" target=\"_blank\"><span class=\"icon-facebook\"><\/span><span class=\"text\">Facebook<\/span><\/a>\n\t\t<a href=\"https:\/\/plus.google.com\/u\/0\/107556203472527482219\" target=\"_blank\"><span 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Though we don\u2019t currently accept guest submissions, we have an open platform Community site to which anyone can contribute. We often promote our favorite Community posts on the main site. And Community bloggers who consistently impress us may to be invited to become regular Feministing columnists..<\/p><a href=\"http:\/\/feministing.com\/community\/\" target=\"_blank\">Our Community Site<\/a><\/div><\/div>\n\t\t<\/div><\/article><article id=\"editors-picks-2\" class=\"row widget widget_editors-picks\"><div class=\"small-12 columns\">\t\t<div class=\"editorsPicks\">\n\t\t\t<h3>Editors' Picks<\/h3>\n\t\t\t<ul>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li><a href=\"http:\/\/feministing.com\/2018\/09\/07\/indian-supreme-court-decriminalizes-queer-sex-and-everyone-celebrates\/\">Indian Supreme Court Decriminalizes Queer Sex, and Everyone Celebrates!<\/a><br \/>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<div class=\"byline\"><img alt='' src='http:\/\/1.gravatar.com\/avatar\/b89fec23a33d0f2fd2deb74d3c8e91d8?s=40&d=http%3A%2F%2F1.gravatar.com%2Favatar%2Fad516503a11cd5ca435acc9bb6523536%3Fs%3D40&r=G' class='avatar avatar-40 photo' height='40' width='40' \/>By Reina Gattuso<\/div>\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li><a href=\"http:\/\/feministing.com\/2018\/09\/04\/ohio-cop-murders-donna-dalton-sex-worker-mother-and-friend\/\">Ohio Cop Murders Donna Dalton, Sex Worker, Mother, and Friend<\/a><br \/>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<div class=\"byline\"><img alt='' src='http:\/\/1.gravatar.com\/avatar\/5bf8f3a7e689b014ea2891b99d949c11?s=40&d=http%3A%2F%2F1.gravatar.com%2Favatar%2Fad516503a11cd5ca435acc9bb6523536%3Fs%3D40&r=G' class='avatar avatar-40 photo' height='40' width='40' \/>By Jess Fournier<\/div>\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li><a href=\"http:\/\/feministing.com\/2018\/08\/09\/drug-tests-weapons-against-the-marginalized\/\">Drug Tests: Weapons Against the Marginalized<\/a><br \/>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<div class=\"byline\"><img alt='' src='http:\/\/1.gravatar.com\/avatar\/b89fec23a33d0f2fd2deb74d3c8e91d8?s=40&d=http%3A%2F%2F1.gravatar.com%2Favatar%2Fad516503a11cd5ca435acc9bb6523536%3Fs%3D40&r=G' class='avatar avatar-40 photo' height='40' width='40' \/>By Reina Gattuso<\/div>\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li><a href=\"http:\/\/feministing.com\/2018\/07\/16\/its-long-past-time-to-make-childcare-central-to-the-progressive-agenda\/\">It’s Long Past Time to Make Childcare Central To the Progressive Agenda<\/a><br \/>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<div class=\"byline\"><img alt='' src='http:\/\/1.gravatar.com\/avatar\/90a4e732ce6dbe5f452e3132bff2e524?s=40&d=http%3A%2F%2F1.gravatar.com%2Favatar%2Fad516503a11cd5ca435acc9bb6523536%3Fs%3D40&r=G' class='avatar avatar-40 photo' height='40' width='40' \/>By Sejal Singh<\/div>\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li><a href=\"http:\/\/feministing.com\/2018\/07\/11\/trump-era-civil-disobedience-has-feminist-roots\/\">Trump-era civil disobedience has feminist roots<\/a><br \/>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<div class=\"byline\"><img alt='' src='http:\/\/1.gravatar.com\/avatar\/994b59a1a9594ce0bda03e42e27de158?s=40&d=http%3A%2F%2F1.gravatar.com%2Favatar%2Fad516503a11cd5ca435acc9bb6523536%3Fs%3D40&r=G' class='avatar avatar-40 photo' height='40' width='40' \/>By Emma Goldberg<\/div>\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/ul>\n\t\t<\/div>\n\t\t<\/div><\/article><article id=\"text-26\" class=\"row widget widget_text\"><div class=\"small-12 columns\">\t\t\t<div class=\"textwidget\"><div class=\"advertHolder\"><div id='div-gpt-ad-1414104296310-2' style='width:160px; 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<\/div>\n<\/section>\n <\/div>\n<\/div>\n <\/div>\n<\/div>\n<\/div><\/div>\n<\/div>\n<\/div>\n <\/div><\/div><\/div>\n<\/header>\n\n<div class=\"leaderboard-container\">\n\t<div class=\"region region-leaderboard\"><div class=\"region-inner clearfix\"><div id=\"block-panels-mini-homepage-banner\" class=\"block block-panels-mini no-title\" > \n \n <div class=\"block-content content\"><div class=\"at-panel panel-display one-column clearfix\" id=\"mini-panel-homepage_banner\">\n <div class=\"region region-one-main\">\n <div class=\"region-inner clearfix\">\n <div class=\"panel-pane pane-views-panes pane-nodequeue-featured-items-banner-panel-pane-1 no-title block\" id=\"featured_items_banner\">\n <div class=\"block-inner clearfix\">\n \n \n \n <div class=\"block-content\">\n <div class=\"view view-nodequeue-featured-items-banner view-id-nodequeue_featured_items_banner view-display-id-panel_pane_1 view-dom-id-7cbb37a030a233b0c65aef26149e22d9\">\n \n \n \n <div class=\"view-content\">\n <div class=\"views-row views-row-1 views-row-odd views-row-first views-row-last\">\n \n <div class=\"views-field views-field-field-front-page-banner-text\"> <div class=\"field-content\"><\/div> <\/div> \n <div class=\"views-field views-field-views-conditional\"> <span class=\"field-content\"><a href=\"http:\/\/laborrights.org\/donate\"><img typeof=\"foaf:Image\" class=\"image-style-front-page-banner\" src=\"https:\/\/laborrights.org\/sites\/default\/files\/styles\/front_page_banner\/public\/images\/front-page-banner\/ILRF%20Static%20Banner%209-10-17.jpg?itok=k4hmDubV\" width=\"1680\" height=\"420\" alt=\"\" \/><\/a><\/span> <\/div> <\/div>\n <\/div>\n \n \n \n \n \n \n<\/div> <\/div>\n\n \n \n <\/div>\n<\/div>\n <\/div>\n <\/div>\n<\/div>\n<\/div>\n <\/div><\/div><\/div><\/div>\n\n<div class=\"breadcrumb-container\">\n <!-- Breadcrumbs -->\n <\/div>\n\n<div id=\"page\" class=\"container page\">\n\n <!-- Navigation elements -->\n \n <!-- -->\n\n <!-- Messages and Help -->\n \n <!-- region: 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href=\"https:\/\/laborrights.z2systems.com\/np\/clients\/laborrights\/donation.jsp\" class=\"engage-donate\">Donate<\/a><\/div>\n <div class=\"engagement-item subscribe\"><label>Subscribe:<\/label><a href=\"https:\/\/laborrights.z2systems.com\/np\/clients\/laborrights\/account.jsp\" class=\"engage-subscribe\">Subscribe<\/a><\/div>\n<\/div> <\/div>\n\n \n \n <\/div>\n<\/div>\n <\/div>\n <\/div>\n <div class=\"region region-two-66-33-first\">\n <div class=\"region-inner clearfix\">\n <section class=\"panel-pane pane-views-panes pane-nodequeue-featured-items-panel-pane-1 block\" id=\"top_featured_item\">\n <div class=\"block-inner clearfix\">\n \n <h2 class=\"pane-title block-title\">Featured<\/h2>\n \n \n <div class=\"block-content\">\n <div class=\"view view-nodequeue-featured-items view-id-nodequeue_featured_items view-display-id-panel_pane_1 view-dom-id-1c4f3c4d296361d16e595df8d20f9514\">\n \n \n \n <div class=\"view-content\">\n <div class=\"views-row views-row-1 views-row-odd views-row-first views-row-last\">\n \n <div class=\"views-field views-field-title\"> <span class=\"field-content\"><a href=\"\/releases\/fair-trade-usa-certifies-labor-violations-%E2%80%9Cfair-trade%E2%80%9D-honduras\">Fair Trade USA Certifies Labor Violations as \u201cFair Trade\u201d in Honduras<\/a><\/span> <\/div> \n <div class=\"views-field views-field-body\"> <div class=\"field-content\"><p>\u00a0<\/p>\n<p>A coalition of unions, farmworkers, fair trade advocates, ethical businesses and retailers is confronting Fair Trade USA (FTUSA), a US-based fair trade certification agency, for ignoring human rights abuses and its own standards in certifying a Honduran melon grower with a long history of violations. In an open letter sponsored by the International Labor Rights Forum (ILRF) published through Fair World Project (FWP), the coalition is calling on FTUSA to adhere to its own standards and take immediate action to decertify Suragroh, a fully-owned subsidiary of multinational fruit company, Fyffes.<\/p>\n<p>Fyffes is one of the largest fruit companies in the...<\/p><\/div> <\/div> \n <div class=\"views-field views-field-view-node\"> <span class=\"field-content\"><a href=\"\/releases\/fair-trade-usa-certifies-labor-violations-%E2%80%9Cfair-trade%E2%80%9D-honduras\">Continue ><\/a><\/span> <\/div> <\/div>\n <\/div>\n \n \n \n \n \n \n<\/div> <\/div>\n\n \n \n <\/div>\n<\/section>\n<section class=\"panel-pane pane-views-panes pane-nodequeue-featured-items-panel-pane-2 block\" id=\"more_featured_content\">\n <div class=\"block-inner clearfix\">\n \n <h2 class=\"pane-title block-title\">More Featured Content<\/h2>\n \n \n <div class=\"block-content\">\n <div class=\"view view-nodequeue-featured-items view-id-nodequeue_featured_items view-display-id-panel_pane_2 view-dom-id-f30c524b8833d4e3ea21792d30c6fb7b\">\n \n \n \n <div class=\"view-content\">\n <div class=\"views-responsive-grid views-responsive-grid-horizontal views-columns-3\">\n <div class=\"views-row views-row-1 views-row-first\">\n <div class=\"views-column views-column-1 views-column-first\">\n \n <div class=\"views-field views-field-field-image\"> <div class=\"field-content\"><a href=\"\/releases\/palm-oil-giant-indofood-sanctioned-over-labor-rights-violations\"><img typeof=\"foaf:Image\" class=\"image-style-more-featured-content-teaser\" src=\"https:\/\/laborrights.org\/sites\/default\/files\/styles\/more_featured_content_teaser\/public\/images\/releases\/palmoil_factsheet.png?itok=ogFaW5ZG\" width=\"237\" height=\"137\" alt=\"\" \/><\/a><\/div> <\/div> \n <div class=\"views-field views-field-title\"> <span class=\"field-content\"><a href=\"\/releases\/palm-oil-giant-indofood-sanctioned-over-labor-rights-violations\">Palm Oil Giant Indofood Sanctioned Over Labor Rights Violations<\/a><\/span> <\/div> \n <div class=\"views-field views-field-body\"> <div class=\"field-content\"><p style=\"box-sizing: border-box; margin-bottom: 1.1em; color: rgb(33, 37, 41); font-family: HarmoniaSansStd-Regular; font-size: 18px;\"><span style=\"box-sizing: border-box;\">Indonesian palm oil giant...<\/span><\/p><\/div> <\/div> <\/div>\n <div class=\"views-column views-column-2\">\n \n <div class=\"views-field views-field-field-image\"> <div class=\"field-content\"><a href=\"\/blog\/201810\/international-buyers-must-prevent-thailand-backtracking-convention\"><img typeof=\"foaf:Image\" class=\"image-style-more-featured-content-teaser\" src=\"https:\/\/laborrights.org\/sites\/default\/files\/styles\/more_featured_content_teaser\/public\/images\/C%20188%20Blog%20Photo%202_0.JPG?itok=Y8e_lVFY\" width=\"237\" height=\"137\" alt=\"\" \/><\/a><\/div> <\/div> \n <div class=\"views-field views-field-title\"> <span class=\"field-content\"><a href=\"\/blog\/201810\/international-buyers-must-prevent-thailand-backtracking-convention\">International Buyers Must Prevent Thailand Backtracking on Convention<\/a><\/span> <\/div> \n <div class=\"views-field views-field-body\"> <div class=\"field-content\"><p>Many people around the world have been horrified by reports of human rights abuses in the seafood industry.<\/p><\/div> <\/div> <\/div>\n <div class=\"views-column views-column-3 views-column-last\">\n \n <div class=\"views-field views-field-field-image\"> <div class=\"field-content\"><a href=\"\/releases\/protest-un-calls-turkmenistan-end-forced-labor-cotton-industry\"><img typeof=\"foaf:Image\" class=\"image-style-more-featured-content-teaser\" src=\"https:\/\/laborrights.org\/sites\/default\/files\/styles\/more_featured_content_teaser\/public\/images\/releases\/letteachersteach_protestatUNGA.png?itok=RduKvWGm\" width=\"237\" height=\"137\" alt=\"Photo by Freedom United\" \/><\/a><\/div> <\/div> \n <div class=\"views-field views-field-title\"> <span class=\"field-content\"><a href=\"\/releases\/protest-un-calls-turkmenistan-end-forced-labor-cotton-industry\">Protest at UN Calls on Turkmenistan to End Forced Labor in Cotton Industry<\/a><\/span> <\/div> \n <div class=\"views-field views-field-body\"> <div class=\"field-content\"><p>Protesters gathered outside the United Nations headquarters in New York today demanded an end to state-sponsored forced labor in Turkmenistan\u2019s cotton industry and presented a petition signed by...<\/p><\/div> <\/div> <\/div>\n <\/div>\n <div class=\"views-row views-row-2 views-row-last\">\n <div class=\"views-column views-column-1 views-column-first\">\n \n <div class=\"views-field views-field-field-image\"> <div class=\"field-content\"><a href=\"\/PortStrike\"><img typeof=\"foaf:Image\" class=\"image-style-more-featured-content-teaser\" src=\"https:\/\/laborrights.org\/sites\/default\/files\/styles\/more_featured_content_teaser\/public\/images\/port%20blog%20pic.jpg?itok=rE0bMmMk\" width=\"237\" height=\"137\" alt=\"\" title=\"Photo Credit: International Brotherhood of Teamsters\" \/><\/a><\/div> <\/div> \n <div class=\"views-field views-field-title\"> <span class=\"field-content\"><a href=\"\/PortStrike\">Modern-Day Servitude in U.S. Port Trucking: A Call to Retail Brands<\/a><\/span> <\/div> \n <div class=\"views-field views-field-body\"> <div class=\"field-content\"><p>Today, southern California\u2019s port truck drivers and warehouse workers - many of whom are Black and Latinx workers and TPS recipients \u2013 begin a three-day strike to send a clear message to their...<\/p><\/div> <\/div> <\/div>\n <div class=\"views-column views-column-2\">\n \n <div class=\"views-field views-field-field-image\"> <div class=\"field-content\"><a href=\"\/releases\/outrageous-new-minimum-wage-announced-bangladesh\"><img typeof=\"foaf:Image\" class=\"image-style-more-featured-content-teaser\" src=\"https:\/\/laborrights.org\/sites\/default\/files\/styles\/more_featured_content_teaser\/public\/images\/releases\/16000takawageprotest_400px_0.jpg?itok=1ZZpomPB\" width=\"237\" height=\"137\" alt=\"Workers united behind the 16,000 taka minimum wage demand\" \/><\/a><\/div> <\/div> \n <div class=\"views-field views-field-title\"> <span class=\"field-content\"><a href=\"\/releases\/outrageous-new-minimum-wage-announced-bangladesh\">Outrageous New Minimum Wage Announced in Bangladesh<\/a><\/span> <\/div> \n <div class=\"views-field views-field-body\"> <div class=\"field-content\"><div id=\"parent-fieldname-description\">In a climate of fear and intimidation and after months of delays, Bangladeshi authorities have announced the new monthly minimum wage of 8,000 taka (USD 95) for...<\/div><\/div> <\/div> <\/div>\n <div class=\"views-column views-column-3 views-column-last\">\n \n <div class=\"views-field views-field-field-image\"> <div class=\"field-content\"><a href=\"\/blog\/201809\/families-and-labor-leaders-observe-6th-anniversary-ali-enterprises-fire\"><img typeof=\"foaf:Image\" class=\"image-style-more-featured-content-teaser\" src=\"https:\/\/laborrights.org\/sites\/default\/files\/styles\/more_featured_content_teaser\/public\/images\/alienterprises6thanniversary.png?itok=LeIjKtsZ\" width=\"237\" height=\"137\" alt=\"\" \/><\/a><\/div> <\/div> \n <div class=\"views-field views-field-title\"> <span class=\"field-content\"><a href=\"\/blog\/201809\/families-and-labor-leaders-observe-6th-anniversary-ali-enterprises-fire\">Families and Labor Leaders Observe 6th Anniversary of Ali Enterprises Fire<\/a><\/span> <\/div> \n <div class=\"views-field views-field-body\"> <div class=\"field-content\"><p>Six years ago, on September 11, 2012, the Ali Enterprises factory in Baldia Town, went up in flames. The factory employed hundreds of workers, but only had one exit. At least 260 workers died...<\/p><\/div> <\/div> <\/div>\n <\/div>\n <\/div>\n <\/div>\n \n \n \n \n \n \n<\/div> <\/div>\n\n \n \n <\/div>\n<\/section>\n <\/div>\n <\/div>\n <div class=\"region region-two-66-33-second\">\n <div class=\"region-inner clearfix\">\n <div class=\"panel-pane pane-block pane-search-form no-title block\" id=\"search_form\">\n <div class=\"block-inner clearfix\">\n \n \n \n <div class=\"block-content\">\n <form onsubmit=\"if(this.search_block_form.value=='Search'){ alert('Please enter a search'); return false; }\" action=\"\/\" method=\"post\" id=\"search-block-form\" accept-charset=\"UTF-8\"><div><div class=\"container-inline\">\n <h2 class=\"element-invisible\">Search form<\/h2>\n <div class=\"form-item form-type-textfield form-item-search-block-form\">\n <label class=\"element-invisible\" for=\"edit-search-block-form--2\">Search <\/label>\n <input title=\"Enter the terms you wish to search for.\" onblur=\"if (this.value == '') {this.value = 'Site Search ...';}\" onfocus=\"if (this.value == 'Site Search ...') {this.value = '';}\" placeholder=\"Site Search ...\" type=\"search\" id=\"edit-search-block-form--2\" name=\"search_block_form\" value=\"Site Search ...\" size=\"40\" maxlength=\"128\" class=\"form-text\" \/>\n<\/div>\n<div class=\"form-actions form-wrapper\" id=\"edit-actions\"><input type=\"submit\" id=\"edit-submit\" name=\"op\" value=\"GO!\" class=\"form-submit\" \/><\/div><input type=\"hidden\" name=\"form_build_id\" value=\"form-UbwsV-GhVRFc5hMQ8i6mxcLodbr5X-S9y7xwqZ-tHDU\" \/>\n<input type=\"hidden\" name=\"form_id\" value=\"search_block_form\" \/>\n<\/div>\n<\/div><\/form> <\/div>\n\n \n \n <\/div>\n<\/div>\n<section class=\"panel-pane pane-views-panes pane-press-releases-panel-pane-1 block\" id=\"press_releases\">\n <div class=\"block-inner clearfix\">\n \n <h2 class=\"pane-title block-title\">Press Releases<\/h2>\n \n \n <div class=\"block-content\">\n <div class=\"view view-press-releases view-id-press_releases view-display-id-panel_pane_1 view-dom-id-81610da430ab6e00efbfab712207db9f\">\n \n \n \n <div class=\"view-content\">\n <div class=\"item-list\"> <ul> <li class=\"\"> \n <div class=\"views-field views-field-field-publication-date\"> <div class=\"field-content\"><span class=\"date-display-single\" property=\"dc:date\" datatype=\"xsd:dateTime\" content=\"2018-11-06T00:00:00-05:00\">11\/06\/18<\/span><\/div> <\/div> \n <div class=\"views-field views-field-title\"> <span class=\"field-content\"><a href=\"\/releases\/palm-oil-giant-indofood-sanctioned-over-labor-rights-violations\">Palm Oil Giant Indofood Sanctioned Over Labor Rights Violations<\/a><\/span> <\/div><\/li>\n <\/ul><\/div> <\/div>\n \n \n \n \n \n \n<\/div> <\/div>\n\n \n \n <\/div>\n<\/section>\n<div class=\"panel-pane pane-custom pane-1 no-title block\" id=\"twitter_feed\">\n <div class=\"block-inner clearfix\">\n \n \n \n <div class=\"block-content\">\n <a class=\"twitter-timeline\" data-dnt=\"true\" 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href=\"https:\/\/laborrights.z2systems.com\/np\/clients\/laborrights\/donation.jsp\" title=\"\">Donate<\/a><\/li><\/ul> <\/div>\n\n \n \n <\/div>\n<\/section>\n<div class=\"panel-pane pane-custom pane-3 no-title block\" id=\"social_media\">\n <div class=\"block-inner clearfix\">\n \n \n \n <div class=\"block-content\">\n <div id=\"social-heading\">Social<\/div>\n<a href=\"https:\/\/www.facebook.com\/InternationalLaborRights\" id=\"facebook-link\">Facebook<\/a><a href=\"https:\/\/twitter.com\/ilrf\" id=\"twitter-link\">Twitter<\/a>\n<a href=\"http:\/\/laborrightsblog.typepad.com\/\" id=\"blog-link\">ILRF Blog<\/a>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n <\/div>\n<\/div>\n <\/div>\n <\/div>\n <div class=\"region region-three-25-50-25-second\">\n <div class=\"region-inner clearfix\">\n <div class=\"panel-pane pane-custom pane-4 no-title block\" id=\"logo\">\n <div class=\"block-inner clearfix\">\n \n \n \n <div class=\"block-content\">\n <div class=\"ilrf-title\">International Labor Rights 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This website is intended as a safe place for Catholics and Former Catholics who are struggling or have struggled with some aspect of the Catholic church. It is not an anti-Catholic website or a “war on Catholicism,” though perhaps some conservative Catholics may view it differently. It’s intended to be a place of compassion, hope, and respect for all points of view that are expressed with kindness.<\/span><\/p>\n<\/div>\n<\/div>\n<\/div><\/div>\n<\/div>\n<\/div>\n<div class='header-cap-bottom cap-bottom'>\n<div class='cap-left'><\/div>\n<div class='cap-right'><\/div>\n<\/div>\n<\/div>\n<\/header>\n<div class='tabs-outer'>\n<div class='tabs-cap-top cap-top'>\n<div class='cap-left'><\/div>\n<div class='cap-right'><\/div>\n<\/div>\n<div class='fauxborder-left tabs-fauxborder-left'>\n<div class='fauxborder-right tabs-fauxborder-right'><\/div>\n<div class='region-inner tabs-inner'>\n<div class='tabs section' id='crosscol' name='Cross-Column'><div class='widget PageList' data-version='1' id='PageList1'>\n<h2>Pages<\/h2>\n<div class='widget-content'>\n<ul>\n<li class='selected'>\n<a href='http:\/\/www.formercatholic.com\/'>Home<\/a>\n<\/li>\n<li>\n<a href='http:\/\/www.formercatholic.com\/p\/about-me-and-contact-information.html'>About This Site and Contact<\/a>\n<\/li>\n<li>\n<a href='http:\/\/www.formercatholic.com\/p\/women-who-love-priest.html'>Women Who Love A Priest<\/a>\n<\/li>\n<li>\n<a href='http:\/\/www.formercatholic.com\/p\/catholicism-in-news.html'>In the News<\/a>\n<\/li>\n<li>\n<a href='http:\/\/www.formercatholic.com\/p\/reviews.html'>Reviews<\/a>\n<\/li>\n<li>\n<a href='http:\/\/www.formercatholic.com\/p\/resources-and-reviews.html'>Resources<\/a>\n<\/li>\n<\/ul>\n<div class='clear'><\/div>\n<span class='widget-item-control'>\n<span class='item-control blog-admin'>\n<a class='quickedit' href='\/\/www.blogger.com\/rearrange?blogID=3364508380827506219&widgetType=PageList&widgetId=PageList1&action=editWidget§ionId=crosscol' onclick='return _WidgetManager._PopupConfig(document.getElementById(\"PageList1\"));' target='configPageList1' title='Edit'>\n<img alt='' height='18' src='https:\/\/resources.blogblog.com\/img\/icon18_wrench_allbkg.png' width='18'\/>\n<\/a>\n<\/span>\n<\/span>\n<div class='clear'><\/div>\n<\/div>\n<\/div><\/div>\n<div class='tabs no-items section' id='crosscol-overflow' name='Cross-Column 2'><\/div>\n<\/div>\n<\/div>\n<div class='tabs-cap-bottom cap-bottom'>\n<div class='cap-left'><\/div>\n<div class='cap-right'><\/div>\n<\/div>\n<\/div>\n<div class='main-outer'>\n<div class='main-cap-top cap-top'>\n<div class='cap-left'><\/div>\n<div class='cap-right'><\/div>\n<\/div>\n<div class='fauxborder-left main-fauxborder-left'>\n<div class='fauxborder-right main-fauxborder-right'><\/div>\n<div class='region-inner main-inner'>\n<div class='columns fauxcolumns'>\n<div class='fauxcolumn-outer fauxcolumn-center-outer'>\n<div class='cap-top'>\n<div class='cap-left'><\/div>\n<div class='cap-right'><\/div>\n<\/div>\n<div class='fauxborder-left'>\n<div class='fauxborder-right'><\/div>\n<div class='fauxcolumn-inner'>\n<\/div>\n<\/div>\n<div class='cap-bottom'>\n<div class='cap-left'><\/div>\n<div class='cap-right'><\/div>\n<\/div>\n<\/div>\n<div class='fauxcolumn-outer fauxcolumn-left-outer'>\n<div class='cap-top'>\n<div class='cap-left'><\/div>\n<div class='cap-right'><\/div>\n<\/div>\n<div class='fauxborder-left'>\n<div class='fauxborder-right'><\/div>\n<div class='fauxcolumn-inner'>\n<\/div>\n<\/div>\n<div class='cap-bottom'>\n<div class='cap-left'><\/div>\n<div class='cap-right'><\/div>\n<\/div>\n<\/div>\n<div class='fauxcolumn-outer fauxcolumn-right-outer'>\n<div class='cap-top'>\n<div class='cap-left'><\/div>\n<div class='cap-right'><\/div>\n<\/div>\n<div class='fauxborder-left'>\n<div class='fauxborder-right'><\/div>\n<div class='fauxcolumn-inner'>\n<\/div>\n<\/div>\n<div class='cap-bottom'>\n<div class='cap-left'><\/div>\n<div class='cap-right'><\/div>\n<\/div>\n<\/div>\n<!-- corrects IE6 width calculation -->\n<div class='columns-inner'>\n<div class='column-center-outer'>\n<div class='column-center-inner'>\n<div class='main section' id='main' name='Main'><div class='widget Blog' data-version='1' id='Blog1'>\n<div class='blog-posts hfeed'>\n\n <div class=\"date-outer\">\n \n<h2 class='date-header'><span>10\/29\/11<\/span><\/h2>\n\n <div class=\"date-posts\">\n \n<div class='post-outer'>\n<div class='post hentry uncustomized-post-template' itemprop='blogPost' itemscope='itemscope' itemtype='http:\/\/schema.org\/BlogPosting'>\n<meta content='3364508380827506219' itemprop='blogId'\/>\n<meta content='6534890594344970295' itemprop='postId'\/>\n<a name='6534890594344970295'><\/a>\n<h3 class='post-title entry-title' itemprop='name'>\n<a href='http:\/\/www.formercatholic.com\/2011\/10\/slow-journey-away-from-rome-auricular.html'>Slow Journey Away From Rome – Auricular Confession<\/a>\n<\/h3>\n<div class='post-header'>\n<div class='post-header-line-1'><\/div>\n<\/div>\n<div class='post-body entry-content' id='post-body-6534890594344970295' itemprop='description articleBody'>\n<div class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"margin: 0in 0in 0pt;\"><i style=\"mso-bidi-font-style: normal;\"><span style=\"font-family: "Century Gothic"; font-size: 10pt;\">Following is a <b style=\"mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;\">Guest Post <\/b>by <strong>Suzanne<\/strong>, who is currently strugging with her Catholic faith. I thank her for her valuable contribution. <\/span><\/i><\/div><div class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"margin: 0in 0in 0pt;\"><br \/>\n<\/div><div class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"margin: 0in 0in 0pt;\"><br \/>\n<\/div><div class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"margin: 0in 0in 0pt;\"><span style=\"font-family: "Century Gothic"; font-size: 10pt;\">The issue of confession is what first began to make me question Catholicism—and I am 30 and have been a willing and devout Catholic my whole life, until a few months ago. I have come to believe that the requirement of individual sacramental confession (auricular confession) puts artificial bounds on Jesus’ forgiveness. Auricular confession can be a great chosen path, and should be available as a choice—for example if someone wants to talk privately about a recurring sin; however, the absolute sacramental requirement for the sole particular ritual is misplaced in many situations.<\/span><\/div><div class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"margin: 0in 0in 0pt;\"><br \/>\n<\/div><div class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"margin: 0in 0in 0pt;\"><span style=\"font-family: "Century Gothic"; font-size: 10pt;\">The type of situation that has been described on this site—getting too close to your confessor—is clearly a danger, both because of the privacy of the confessional and the vulnerability of the confessor, and the stringency of celibacy (which I do not find wrong in itself, but it must be acknowledged that lifelong celibacy is a special condition that should be protected by not adding temptation)—for even a priest devoted to keeping proper boundaries might find himself sorely tempted when confronted with the intimacy that auricular confession requires. <\/span><\/div><div class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"margin: 0in 0in 0pt;\"><br \/>\n<\/div><div class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"margin: 0in 0in 0pt;\"><span style=\"font-family: "Century Gothic"; font-size: 10pt;\">There is something amiss in a system that exclusively requires priestly confession, and I am thinking in particular of, for example, a 14 year old girl who is struggling with sexual sins like masturbation. Imagine the difficulty of a 14 year old girl confessing that sin, out loud, to a priest who is probably twice her age. But the alternative is to risk burning in hell.<span style=\"mso-spacerun: yes;\">  <\/span>Is this kind of choice between deep embarrassment and hellfire really the reason why Jesus came? The \"secret\" confession available (with the screen) is an illusion, because our priests know us and they know our voices. And how difficult must it be for priests to hear parishioners detailing their sexual sins over and over, when they are vowed to be celibate!<\/span><\/div><div class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"margin: 0in 0in 0pt;\"><br \/>\n<\/div><div class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"margin: 0in 0in 0pt;\"><span style=\"font-family: "Century Gothic"; font-size: 10pt;\">The specific rite of auricular confession is not as old as the church itself and in fact it is much newer. When I turned 30 this year, I began to question why I, a grown woman, must tell my most embarrassing deeds to a priest—who I may have gone to college with, who I drank with at parties—and have him hand out penance to me when he knows nothing about the strains of being a mother, being a woman, being a wife—any of it.<\/span><\/div><div class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"margin: 0in 0in 0pt;\"><br \/>\n<\/div><div class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"margin: 0in 0in 0pt;\"><span style=\"font-family: "Century Gothic"; font-size: 10pt;\">Many Protestant churches offer a general confession, where parishioners admit and confess their specific sins to God in their heart, and the priest offers the Protestant version of \"absolution.\" This option exists in the Catholic church as well, but it is rarely offered. I believe many more souls would actually confess and repent of their sins if this option were offered, because it preserves the dignity and modesty of the individual. I personally feel that this is particularly true in the case of young girls, although any demographic may have serious issues with confessing to a priest, for many reasons.<\/span><\/div><div class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"margin: 0in 0in 0pt;\"><br \/>\n<\/div><div class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"margin: 0in 0in 0pt;\"><span style=\"font-family: "Century Gothic"; font-size: 10pt;\">In my prayer and study I begin to know Jesus as the One who is with us in these dark times—the continual process of sanctification—and He is with us whether we sinned two minutes ago or two years ago. God is God of the desert as well as God of the mountaintop.<\/span><\/div>\n<div style='clear: both;'><\/div>\n<\/div>\n<div class='post-footer'>\n<div class='post-footer-line post-footer-line-1'>\n<span class='post-author vcard'>\nPosted by\n<span class='fn' itemprop='author' itemscope='itemscope' itemtype='http:\/\/schema.org\/Person'>\n<meta content='https:\/\/www.blogger.com\/profile\/03087780937615681777' itemprop='url'\/>\n<a class='g-profile' href='https:\/\/www.blogger.com\/profile\/03087780937615681777' rel='author' title='author profile'>\n<span itemprop='name'>Marie<\/span>\n<\/a>\n<\/span>\n<\/span>\n<span class='post-timestamp'>\nat\n<meta content='http:\/\/www.formercatholic.com\/2011\/10\/slow-journey-away-from-rome-auricular.html' itemprop='url'\/>\n<a class='timestamp-link' href='http:\/\/www.formercatholic.com\/2011\/10\/slow-journey-away-from-rome-auricular.html' rel='bookmark' title='permanent link'><abbr class='published' itemprop='datePublished' title='2011-10-29T02:48:00-07:00'>2:48 AM<\/abbr><\/a>\n<\/span>\n<span class='reaction-buttons'>\n<\/span>\n<span class='post-comment-link'>\n<a class='comment-link' href='https:\/\/www.blogger.com\/comment.g?blogID=3364508380827506219&postID=6534890594344970295' onclick=''>\n8 comments:\n <\/a>\n<\/span>\n<span class='post-backlinks post-comment-link'>\n<a class='comment-link' href='http:\/\/www.formercatholic.com\/2011\/10\/slow-journey-away-from-rome-auricular.html#links'>Links to this post<\/a>\n<\/span>\n<span class='post-icons'>\n<span class='item-action'>\n<a href='https:\/\/www.blogger.com\/email-post.g?blogID=3364508380827506219&postID=6534890594344970295' title='Email Post'>\n<img alt='' class='icon-action' height='13' src='https:\/\/resources.blogblog.com\/img\/icon18_email.gif' width='18'\/>\n<\/a>\n<\/span>\n<span class='item-control blog-admin pid-1713842598'>\n<a href='https:\/\/www.blogger.com\/post-edit.g?blogID=3364508380827506219&postID=6534890594344970295&from=pencil' title='Edit Post'>\n<img alt='' class='icon-action' height='18' src='https:\/\/resources.blogblog.com\/img\/icon18_edit_allbkg.gif' width='18'\/>\n<\/a>\n<\/span>\n<\/span>\n<div class='post-share-buttons goog-inline-block'>\n<a class='goog-inline-block share-button sb-email' href='https:\/\/www.blogger.com\/share-post.g?blogID=3364508380827506219&postID=6534890594344970295&target=email' target='_blank' title='Email This'><span class='share-button-link-text'>Email This<\/span><\/a><a class='goog-inline-block share-button sb-blog' href='https:\/\/www.blogger.com\/share-post.g?blogID=3364508380827506219&postID=6534890594344970295&target=blog' onclick='window.open(this.href, \"_blank\", \"height=270,width=475\"); return false;' target='_blank' title='BlogThis!'><span class='share-button-link-text'>BlogThis!<\/span><\/a><a class='goog-inline-block share-button sb-twitter' href='https:\/\/www.blogger.com\/share-post.g?blogID=3364508380827506219&postID=6534890594344970295&target=twitter' target='_blank' title='Share to Twitter'><span class='share-button-link-text'>Share to Twitter<\/span><\/a><a class='goog-inline-block share-button sb-facebook' href='https:\/\/www.blogger.com\/share-post.g?blogID=3364508380827506219&postID=6534890594344970295&target=facebook' onclick='window.open(this.href, \"_blank\", \"height=430,width=640\"); return false;' target='_blank' title='Share to Facebook'><span class='share-button-link-text'>Share to Facebook<\/span><\/a><a class='goog-inline-block share-button sb-pinterest' href='https:\/\/www.blogger.com\/share-post.g?blogID=3364508380827506219&postID=6534890594344970295&target=pinterest' target='_blank' title='Share to Pinterest'><span class='share-button-link-text'>Share to Pinterest<\/span><\/a><div class='goog-inline-block google-plus-share-container'><g:plusone source='blogger:blog:plusone' href='http:\/\/www.formercatholic.com\/2011\/10\/slow-journey-away-from-rome-auricular.html' size='medium' width='300' annotation='inline'\/><\/div>\n<\/div>\n<\/div>\n<div class='post-footer-line post-footer-line-2'>\n<span class='post-labels'>\nLabels:\n<a href='http:\/\/www.formercatholic.com\/search\/label\/Confession' rel='tag'>Confession<\/a>,\n<a href='http:\/\/www.formercatholic.com\/search\/label\/Leaving%20the%20Catholic%20Church' rel='tag'>Leaving the Catholic Church<\/a>,\n<a href='http:\/\/www.formercatholic.com\/search\/label\/Priests' rel='tag'>Priests<\/a>\n<\/span>\n<\/div>\n<div class='post-footer-line post-footer-line-3'>\n<span class='post-location'>\n<\/span>\n<\/div>\n<\/div>\n<\/div>\n<\/div>\n\n <\/div><\/div>\n \n\n <div class=\"date-outer\">\n \n<h2 class='date-header'><span>9\/28\/11<\/span><\/h2>\n\n <div class=\"date-posts\">\n \n<div class='post-outer'>\n<div class='post hentry uncustomized-post-template' itemprop='blogPost' itemscope='itemscope' itemtype='http:\/\/schema.org\/BlogPosting'>\n<meta content='3364508380827506219' itemprop='blogId'\/>\n<meta content='3132336173918284479' itemprop='postId'\/>\n<a name='3132336173918284479'><\/a>\n<h3 class='post-title entry-title' itemprop='name'>\n<a href='http:\/\/www.formercatholic.com\/2011\/09\/negative-self-esteem-for-women.html'>Negative Self Esteem For Women Left by Priests<\/a>\n<\/h3>\n<div class='post-header'>\n<div class='post-header-line-1'><\/div>\n<\/div>\n<div class='post-body entry-content' id='post-body-3132336173918284479' itemprop='description articleBody'>\n<div class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"margin: 0in 0in 0pt;\"><span style=\"font-family: "Century Gothic"; font-size: 10.5pt;\">I’ve received a large response to my post, <a href=\"http:\/\/www.formercatholic.com\/2011\/03\/advice-for-women-in-love-with-priest.html\">Advice for Women in Love with a Priest<\/a>. Thank you all for your comments; it makes us feel not so alone in these unfortunate and life-defining circumstances. <\/span><\/div><div class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"margin: 0in 0in 0pt;\"><br \/>\n<\/div><div class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"margin: 0in 0in 0pt;\"><span style=\"font-family: "Century Gothic"; font-size: 10.5pt;\">Sadly, I see in the <strong>Comments<\/strong> section, so many comments where women blame themselves, as I often have:<\/span><\/div><span style=\"font-family: "Century Gothic"; font-size: 10.5pt;\"><\/span><br \/>\n<div class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"margin: 0in 0in 0pt;\"><br \/>\n<\/div><div class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"margin: 0in 0in 0pt;\"><i style=\"mso-bidi-font-style: normal;\"><span style=\"color: navy; font-family: "Century Gothic"; font-size: 10.5pt;\">“It hurts more than anything that has ever happened in my life, even now, over a year later.”<\/span><\/i><\/div><div class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"margin: 0in 0in 0pt;\"><br \/>\n<\/div><div class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"margin: 0in 0in 0pt;\"><i style=\"mso-bidi-font-style: normal;\"><span style=\"color: navy; font-family: "Century Gothic"; font-size: 10.5pt;\">“I feel like if I was a better person, prettier, more successful, smarter, he would want to be with me. I also feel so stupid for thinking he could love me.”<\/span><\/i><\/div><div class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"margin: 0in 0in 0pt;\"><br \/>\n<\/div><div class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"margin: 0in 0in 0pt;\"><i style=\"mso-bidi-font-style: normal;\"><span style=\"color: navy; font-family: "Century Gothic"; font-size: 10.5pt;\">“I am a stupid sheep...”<\/span><\/i><\/div><div class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"margin: 0in 0in 0pt;\"><br \/>\n<\/div><div class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"margin: 0in 0in 0pt;\"><i style=\"mso-bidi-font-style: normal;\"><span style=\"color: navy; font-family: "Century Gothic"; font-size: 10.5pt;\">\"Is not a secret marriage optional?....I think it is a mature solution....I mean she agrees never be seen etc.\"<\/span><\/i><\/div><div class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"margin: 0in 0in 0pt;\"><br \/>\n<\/div><div class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"margin: 0in 0in 0pt;\"><i style=\"mso-bidi-font-style: normal;\"><span style=\"color: navy; font-family: "Century Gothic"; font-size: 10.5pt;\">\"I felt so stupid it nearly killed me....FROM A SAD BROKEN WOMAN........\"<\/span><\/i><\/div><div class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"margin: 0in 0in 0pt;\"><br \/>\n<\/div><div class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"margin: 0in 0in 0pt;\"><i style=\"mso-bidi-font-style: normal;\"><span style=\"color: navy; font-family: "Century Gothic"; font-size: 10.5pt;\">\"I've been broken up with my priest for over a year.... It's gotten easier, but in no way am I over it....He turned on me in the end...\"<\/span><\/i><\/div><div class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"margin: 0in 0in 0pt;\"><br \/>\n<\/div><div class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"margin: 0in 0in 0pt;\"><br \/>\n<\/div><div class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"margin: 0in 0in 0pt;\"><span style=\"color: black; font-family: "Century Gothic"; font-size: 10.5pt;\">All of these comments (except for one, that I will mention below) could have been written by me, and I suspect, most women who have loved a priest. It saddens me to read of so many other women going through these same self-esteem issues in the wake of being jerked around by a priest. <\/span><\/div><div class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"margin: 0in 0in 0pt;\"><br \/>\n<\/div><div class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"margin: 0in 0in 0pt;\"><span style=\"color: black; font-family: "Century Gothic"; font-size: 10.5pt;\">I haven’t addressed each comment specifically so I wanted to write a few thoughts I have about these comments and about the wonderful women who have had the courage to comment here and email me personally:<\/span><\/div><div class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"margin: 0in 0in 0pt;\"><br \/>\n<\/div><ol style=\"margin-top: 0in;\" type=\"1\"><li class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"color: black; margin: 0in 0in 0pt; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1; tab-stops: list .5in;\"><b style=\"mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;\"><span style=\"font-family: "Century Gothic"; font-size: 10.5pt;\">It hurts. A lot.<\/span><\/b><span style=\"font-family: "Century Gothic"; font-size: 10.5pt;\"> One commenter pointed out, <\/span><i style=\"mso-bidi-font-style: normal;\"><span style=\"color: navy; font-family: "Century Gothic"; font-size: 10.5pt;\">“...children are perceived as victims but women are seen as victimizers themselves.”<\/span><\/i><span style=\"font-family: "Century Gothic"; font-size: 10.5pt;\"> This is so very true—we are viewed by mainstream Catholics (especially happily married ones whose personal lives are just hunky-dory) as the manipulators of these poor, lonely priests whose deepest desires are to remain celibate and be left alone by women.<span style=\"mso-spacerun: yes;\">  <\/span>As another woman wrote, <\/span><i style=\"mso-bidi-font-style: normal;\"><span style=\"color: navy; font-family: "Century Gothic"; font-size: 10.5pt;\">“Since it was a secret relationship, the grieving has to be secret too.” <\/span><\/i><span style=\"font-family: "Century Gothic"; font-size: 10.5pt;\">This is important—it’s not like we’ve just lost a husband, and the pity comes pouring in. Since many of us come from Catholic families ourselves, we have no one to turn to with our grief and must bear it alone.<br \/>\n<br \/>\nI’ve received only two nasty comments so far, that I will not publish, from a truly disturbed man who stated how lucky he is that the women who have come into his life (I sense he’s not partnered, however!) have a deep sense of personal responsibility unlike the temptress that I am, then later that day advised us all to become the priest’s housekeeper and have his baby that way. Yeah, that would work. Not.<\/span><span style=\"font-family: "Century Gothic"; font-size: 10.5pt;\"><br \/>\n<\/span><\/li>\n<li class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"color: black; margin: 0in 0in 0pt; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1; tab-stops: list .5in;\"><b style=\"mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;\"><span style=\"font-family: "Century Gothic"; font-size: 10.5pt;\">Contrary to our thoughts, we <i style=\"mso-bidi-font-style: normal;\">are<\/i> <i style=\"mso-bidi-font-style: normal;\">exceptionally <\/i>pretty, smart, and successful.<\/span><\/b><span style=\"font-family: "Century Gothic"; font-size: 10.5pt;\"> Think about it. Priests are not allowed to view women as more than a sister. They see us as either the Virgin Mary or a whore; there’s little middle ground. Their minds are not even allowed to “go there” by viewing us as someone they could fall in love with. But they <i style=\"mso-bidi-font-style: normal;\">have<\/i> crossed the boundary to love us, enjoy our company, and considered us special (and probably always will). We don’t see them crying their eyes out at night when they go to bed, but it happens, that I know for a fact. If we were not pretty, special, etc, we would not have been the object of their attraction in the first place. Still, I too feel “what man could love me” if Fr. X wouldn’t leave the priesthood for me. Since we would have gone to the ends of the earth for them, why can’t they do this one little thing for us? Fear is the only reason. That, and a warped theology.<br \/>\n<\/span><\/li>\n\n\n<li class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"color: black; margin: 0in 0in 0pt; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1; tab-stops: list .5in;\"><b style=\"mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;\"><span style=\"font-family: "Century Gothic"; font-size: 10.5pt;\">We’re not stupid. <\/span><\/b><span style=\"font-family: "Century Gothic"; font-size: 10.5pt;\">We fell in love, that’s all. What’s stupid is the celibacy rule that the Catholic Church invented (yes, “invented”) around 1100 A.D. due largely to <city w:st=\"on\"><place w:st=\"on\">St. Paul<\/place><\/city>’s opinion that unmarried men should not marry because he thought that the End Times were imminent. Well, he was clearly wrong that the End Times were imminent, <i style=\"mso-bidi-font-style: normal;\">so might he be wrong about one other little thing too?<\/i> There is no scripture to support celibacy as being superior to marriage, other than <place w:st=\"on\"><city w:st=\"on\">St. Paul<\/city><\/place>’s warped, misogynistic view. Some of these men took the vow of celibacy as teenagers, not realizing, let alone feeling, the full consequences of this vow. Eventually, many do, and they become scared.<br \/>\n<br \/>\nFact: the Catholic Church itself sets us up for failure, sets us up for temptation. For spiritual counseling, it’s recommended we seek a priest. We confess our sins to a priest. We receive all sacraments from a priest. These are the rules of the church, and the way a relationship with a priest begins is typically by the priest—since both parties know we can only view the other person in our proscribed roles, we’re caught off guard and ashamed to discover we have feelings for him. But by then it’s too late. We’ve already fallen for him, and what follows is nearly impossible to avoid (by this, I mean, feeling that we are stupid for loving a priest.) <\/span><\/li>\n\n\n<li class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"color: black; margin: 0in 0in 0pt; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1; tab-stops: list .5in;\"><b style=\"mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;\"><span style=\"font-family: "Century Gothic"; font-size: 10.5pt;\">He will probably turn on you in the end. <\/span><\/b><span style=\"font-family: "Century Gothic"; font-size: 10.5pt;\">Today, most priests do not leave the priesthood for marriage. I’ve written an <a href=\"http:\/\/www.leavingthepriesthood.com\/#anchor_187\">article about the reasons for this<\/a>, but his reputation and livelihood, not to mention his theology, is on the line. Priests are largely cut off from the “real” world and even if he does decide to be with you, one visit with his spiritual advisor is enough to turn his heel back to his brethren. He is told that he will experience eternal hellfire, and what’s more, so will his beloved. If he <i style=\"mso-bidi-font-style: normal;\">really <\/i>loves you, he’s told, he will let you go—he will not send you to Hell.<\/span><\/li>\n\n\n<li class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"color: black; margin: 0in 0in 0pt; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1; tab-stops: list .5in;\"><b style=\"mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;\"><span style=\"font-family: "Century Gothic"; font-size: 10.5pt;\">A Secret Marriage is Not Optional. <\/span><\/b><span style=\"font-family: "Century Gothic"; font-size: 10.5pt;\">That is my opinion. I’ve been told that the couple should move away from the priest’s home parish if he is to be laicized and married, or not laicized and married. It might be awkward for the couple to stay in the same small town where he was a pastor, and a move might benefit them both. But, a secret marriage where “she” is not seen? I respect this poster’s courage to comment, and the rest of the comment, but cannot see the logic of imposing shame on two people in love who want to make a commitment. They should be able to share time with family and friends as before. Those that do not support the decision do not have to agree with it, but it doesn’t necessitate cutting people out of each other’s lives. We all make decisions daily that the entire world will not agree with—it’s what makes the world go ‘round, after all—and we need to all learn to live with each other. <\/span><\/li>\n\n\n<\/li>\n<\/ol><div class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"margin: 0in 0in 0pt;\"><br \/>\n<\/div><div class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"margin: 0in 0in 0pt;\"><span style=\"font-family: "Century Gothic"; font-size: 10.5pt;\">I would like to write a post about <strong>How To Get Over Loving A Priest<\/strong>, or at least <strong>How To Cope in the Aftermath of Loving a Priest<\/strong>. <\/span><\/div><div class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"margin: 0in 0in 0pt;\"><br \/>\n<\/div><div class=\"MsoNormal\" style=\"margin: 0in 0in 0pt;\"><span style=\"font-family: "Century Gothic"; font-size: 10.5pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-bidi-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-language: EN-US;\">If anyone has any respectful ideas for this, please email me at: <a href=\"mailto:aftercatholicism@gmail.com\">aftercatholicism@gmail.com<\/a>. You can either use your real name and be quoted, or be anonymous. Suggestions are welcome!<\/span><\/div>\n<div style='clear: both;'><\/div>\n<\/div>\n<div class='post-footer'>\n<div class='post-footer-line post-footer-line-1'>\n<span class='post-author vcard'>\nPosted by\n<span class='fn' itemprop='author' itemscope='itemscope' itemtype='http:\/\/schema.org\/Person'>\n<meta content='https:\/\/www.blogger.com\/profile\/03087780937615681777' itemprop='url'\/>\n<a class='g-profile' href='https:\/\/www.blogger.com\/profile\/03087780937615681777' rel='author' title='author profile'>\n<span itemprop='name'>Marie<\/span>\n<\/a>\n<\/span>\n<\/span>\n<span class='post-timestamp'>\nat\n<meta content='http:\/\/www.formercatholic.com\/2011\/09\/negative-self-esteem-for-women.html' itemprop='url'\/>\n<a class='timestamp-link' href='http:\/\/www.formercatholic.com\/2011\/09\/negative-self-esteem-for-women.html' rel='bookmark' title='permanent link'><abbr class='published' itemprop='datePublished' title='2011-09-28T10:40:00-07:00'>10:40 AM<\/abbr><\/a>\n<\/span>\n<span class='reaction-buttons'>\n<\/span>\n<span class='post-comment-link'>\n<a class='comment-link' href='https:\/\/www.blogger.com\/comment.g?blogID=3364508380827506219&postID=3132336173918284479' onclick=''>\n3 comments:\n <\/a>\n<\/span>\n<span class='post-backlinks post-comment-link'>\n<a class='comment-link' href='http:\/\/www.formercatholic.com\/2011\/09\/negative-self-esteem-for-women.html#links'>Links to this post<\/a>\n<\/span>\n<span class='post-icons'>\n<span class='item-action'>\n<a href='https:\/\/www.blogger.com\/email-post.g?blogID=3364508380827506219&postID=3132336173918284479' title='Email Post'>\n<img alt='' class='icon-action' height='13' src='https:\/\/resources.blogblog.com\/img\/icon18_email.gif' width='18'\/>\n<\/a>\n<\/span>\n<span class='item-control blog-admin pid-1713842598'>\n<a href='https:\/\/www.blogger.com\/post-edit.g?blogID=3364508380827506219&postID=3132336173918284479&from=pencil' title='Edit Post'>\n<img alt='' class='icon-action' height='18' src='https:\/\/resources.blogblog.com\/img\/icon18_edit_allbkg.gif' width='18'\/>\n<\/a>\n<\/span>\n<\/span>\n<div class='post-share-buttons goog-inline-block'>\n<a class='goog-inline-block share-button sb-email' href='https:\/\/www.blogger.com\/share-post.g?blogID=3364508380827506219&postID=3132336173918284479&target=email' target='_blank' title='Email This'><span class='share-button-link-text'>Email This<\/span><\/a><a class='goog-inline-block share-button sb-blog' href='https:\/\/www.blogger.com\/share-post.g?blogID=3364508380827506219&postID=3132336173918284479&target=blog' onclick='window.open(this.href, \"_blank\", \"height=270,width=475\"); 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(It's worth noting here that one reason people have left Catholicism is because of the abuse AND the cover-ups.)<\/span><br \/>\n<br \/>\n<span style=\"font-family: Trebuchet MS;\">However, he delves deeper into the issue, citing mandatory celibacy as a reason for narcissism by putting forth inhuman asexuality as the ideal. And, if priests and bishops are practicing this, the \"ideal,\" they may accidentally tend to have a superiority complex toward others who are not. <\/span><br \/>\n<br \/>\n<span style=\"font-family: Trebuchet MS;\">But what makes this article so thought-provoking is Lindenman's Devil's-advocate approach to the issue, stating: \"I am curious to know whether a certain excessive self-regard might be a priestly occupational hazard.\" He means this as an honest question, not a put-down or assumption: he truly wants to know. Further down he writes, \"The mistakes of the institutional Church have much less interest for me than the experience of the individual priest, whom I take on faith to be an essentially good guy who wants only to do right. If any Church norms or practices do, in fact, encourage priests to adopt a narcissistic self-concept, I am assuming they adopt it unwittingly and probably unwillingly.\" <\/span><br \/>\n<br \/>\n<span style=\"font-family: Trebuchet MS;\">Personally, I agree with him wholeheartedly. Narcissism <em>is <\/em>a job hazard of the priesthood, but it is also a job hazard for many other professions--especially professions where people tend to believe their job is their near-total identity. Even little things in <em>all <\/em>of our daily lives can cause us to be narcissistic. And, despite my own run-in with a priest that I write about on this website, I too believe that most priests are trying to be a good guy and do the right things. I will even say this is true of the of priest I have written about. <\/span><br \/>\n<br \/>\n<span style=\"font-family: Trebuchet MS;\">And yet, the Church does foster narcissism in the clergy, intentional or not. <span style=\"font-family: Trebuchet MS;\">One brilliant commenter stated that hearing Confessions humbles the priest because he hears sins that are his own and is reminded of them. This could be a post in and of itself. Hearing confessions, on the other hand, can certainly foster a sense of superiority--imagine the power inherent in being the mediator between the sins of the laity and God Himself. <\/span><\/span><br \/>\n<br \/>\n<span style=\"font-family: Trebuchet MS;\">Being alone, though, compounded by being at the whim of one's superior (there are many hierarchies in the church) for not only your livelihood, but your reputation, your identity, your living quarters, can be the toughest job of all.<\/span><br \/>\n<br \/>\n<span style=\"font-family: Trebuchet MS;\">I would be sincerely interested in what priests themselves have to say about this. Please comment respectfully.<\/span><span style=\"font-family: Trebuchet MS;\"><\/span>\n<div style='clear: both;'><\/div>\n<\/div>\n<div class='post-footer'>\n<div class='post-footer-line post-footer-line-1'>\n<span class='post-author vcard'>\nPosted by\n<span class='fn' itemprop='author' itemscope='itemscope' itemtype='http:\/\/schema.org\/Person'>\n<meta content='https:\/\/www.blogger.com\/profile\/03087780937615681777' itemprop='url'\/>\n<a class='g-profile' href='https:\/\/www.blogger.com\/profile\/03087780937615681777' rel='author' title='author profile'>\n<span itemprop='name'>Marie<\/span>\n<\/a>\n<\/span>\n<\/span>\n<span class='post-timestamp'>\nat\n<meta content='http:\/\/www.formercatholic.com\/2011\/08\/do-priests-and-bishops-have-superiority.html' itemprop='url'\/>\n<a class='timestamp-link' href='http:\/\/www.formercatholic.com\/2011\/08\/do-priests-and-bishops-have-superiority.html' rel='bookmark' title='permanent link'><abbr class='published' itemprop='datePublished' 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Women in Love with a Priest<\/a>\n<\/li>\n<li>\n<a href='http:\/\/www.formercatholic.com\/2011\/03\/after-catholicism-now-what.html'>After Catholicism – Now What?<\/a>\n<\/li>\n<li>\n<a href='http:\/\/www.formercatholic.com\/2011\/03\/top-reasons-catholics-are-leaving.html'>Top Reasons Catholics are Leaving the Catholic Church<\/a>\n<\/li>\n<li>\n<a href='http:\/\/www.formercatholic.com\/2011\/10\/slow-journey-away-from-rome-auricular.html'>Slow Journey Away From Rome – Auricular Confession<\/a>\n<\/li>\n<li>\n<a href='http:\/\/www.formercatholic.com\/2011\/08\/do-priests-and-bishops-have-superiority.html'>Do Priests and Bishops Have a Superiority Complex?<\/a>\n<\/li>\n<\/ul>\n<div class='clear'><\/div>\n<span class='widget-item-control'>\n<span class='item-control blog-admin'>\n<a class='quickedit' href='\/\/www.blogger.com\/rearrange?blogID=3364508380827506219&widgetType=PopularPosts&widgetId=PopularPosts1&action=editWidget§ionId=sidebar-right-1' onclick='return 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menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-764 page-item-762\"><a href=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/newsletters\/archived-newsletters\/\">Archived newsletters<\/a><\/li>\n<\/ul>\n<\/li>\n<li id=\"menu-item-25\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-has-children menu-item-25 page-item-16\"><a href=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/meetings\/\">Programs<\/a>\n<ul class=\"sub-menu\">\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-134\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-134 page-item-132\"><a href=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/meetings\/exit-chapters\/\">Exit Chapters<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-125\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-125 page-item-45\"><a href=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/meetings\/workshops\/\">Workshops<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li id=\"menu-item-3363\" class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-3363 page-item-3361\"><a 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page-item-1229\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.peacefulpillhandbook.com\/forums\/\">Forums<\/a><\/li>\n<\/ul><\/nav>\t\t\r\n\t\t<\/section>\r\n\t<\/section>\r\n\r\n<\/header>\r\n<div class=\"sub-nav-holder\">\r\n <nav class=\"menu-menu-container\"><ul id=\"sub-menu\" class=\"nav-menu\"><li class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-has-children menu-item-22 page-item-6\"><a href=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/about-exit\/\">About Exit<\/a>\n<ul class=\"sub-menu\">\n\t<li class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-107 page-item-91\"><a href=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/about-exit\/history\/\">About Us<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-3192 page-item-3191\"><a href=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/about-exit\/our-philosophy\/\">Our Philosophy<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-108 page-item-89\"><a href=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/about-exit\/dr-philip-nitschke\/\">Philip Nitschke<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-2426 page-item-2422\"><a href=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/about-exit\/tom-curran\/\">Tom Curran<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-105 page-item-95\"><a href=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/about-exit\/exit-remembers\/\">Exit Remembers<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-116 page-item-114\"><a href=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/about-exit\/installations\/\">Installations<\/a><\/li>\n<\/ul>\n<\/li>\n<li class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-has-children menu-item-29 page-item-8\"><a href=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/support-exit\/\">Support Exit<\/a>\n<ul class=\"sub-menu\">\n\t<li class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-162 page-item-159\"><a href=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/support-exit\/join-exit\/\">Join Exit<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-426 page-item-424\"><a href=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/support-exit\/membership\/\">Membership<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-169 page-item-166\"><a href=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/support-exit\/donations\/\">Donations<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-168 page-item-164\"><a href=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/support-exit\/bequests\/\">Bequests<\/a><\/li>\n<\/ul>\n<\/li>\n<li class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-has-children menu-item-26 page-item-10\"><a href=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/products\/\">Products<\/a>\n<ul class=\"sub-menu\">\n\t<li class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-4330 page-item-4328\"><a href=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/equipment\/\">Equipment<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-3200 page-item-3195\"><a href=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/books\/\">Books<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-3199 page-item-3196\"><a href=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/dvds\/\">DVDs<\/a><\/li>\n<\/ul>\n<\/li>\n<li class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-has-children menu-item-27 page-item-12\"><a href=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/newsletters\/\">Newsletters<\/a>\n<ul class=\"sub-menu\">\n\t<li class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-761 page-item-758\"><a href=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/newsletters\/recent-newsletters\/\">Recent newsletters<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-764 page-item-762\"><a href=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/newsletters\/archived-newsletters\/\">Archived newsletters<\/a><\/li>\n<\/ul>\n<\/li>\n<li class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-has-children menu-item-25 page-item-16\"><a href=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/meetings\/\">Programs<\/a>\n<ul class=\"sub-menu\">\n\t<li class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-134 page-item-132\"><a href=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/meetings\/exit-chapters\/\">Exit Chapters<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-125 page-item-45\"><a href=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/meetings\/workshops\/\">Workshops<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-3363 page-item-3361\"><a href=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/exit-action\/\">Exit Action<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-2714 page-item-2712\"><a href=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/exit-conferences\/\">Exit Conferences<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-3670 page-item-3668\"><a href=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/nutech\/\">NuTech<\/a><\/li>\n\t<li class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-custom menu-item-object-custom menu-item-4588 page-item-4588\"><a href=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/sarco\/\">Sarco<\/a><\/li>\n<\/ul>\n<\/li>\n<li class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-post_type menu-item-object-page menu-item-24 page-item-14\"><a href=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/news\/\">News<\/a><\/li>\n<li class=\"menu-item menu-item-type-custom menu-item-object-custom menu-item-1229 page-item-1229\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.peacefulpillhandbook.com\/forums\/\">Forums<\/a><\/li>\n<\/ul><\/nav><\/div>\r\n<section id=\"slider-wide\">\r\n <section id=\"slider-container\" class=\"container_12\">\r\n\t<div class=\"grad-left\"><\/div>\r\n\t<div class=\"grad-right\"><\/div>\r\n <div id=\"slider\" class=\"grid_9 alpha\">\r\n \r\n <!-- Slider -->\r\n\r\n\t<ul id=\"ff-slider\">\t\t<li>\r\n\t\t\t<a href=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/meetings\/workshops\/\" title=\"Exit London Workshop – Saturday 26 January 2019\">\r\n\t\t\t\t<span>Exit London Workshop – Saturday 26 January 2019<\/span>\r\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<img src=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/wp-content\/uploads\/2015\/04\/Brexit-workshop-logo-1-640x307.jpg\" width=\"700\" height=\"307\" \/>\r\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<span class=\"arrowSlider\"><\/span>\r\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/a>\r\n \r\n\t\t<\/li>\r\n\r\n\t\t\t<li>\r\n\t\t\t<a href=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/australian-104-dies-in-assisted-suicide-in-switzerland\/\" title=\"Dr David Goodall, Exit’s Oldest Member Remembered\">\r\n\t\t\t\t<span>Dr David Goodall, Exit’s Oldest Member Remembered<\/span>\r\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<img src=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/wp-content\/uploads\/2018\/05\/David-Goodall-breakfast-700x307.jpg\" width=\"700\" height=\"307\" \/>\r\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<span class=\"arrowSlider\"><\/span>\r\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/a>\r\n \r\n\t\t<\/li>\r\n\r\n\t\t\t<li>\r\n\t\t\t<a href=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/peacefulpillehandbook\/\" title=\"2018 Peaceful Pill Handbook – Now Available\">\r\n\t\t\t\t<span>2018 Peaceful Pill Handbook – Now Available<\/span>\r\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<img src=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/wp-content\/uploads\/2018\/05\/newslide-700x307.png\" width=\"700\" height=\"307\" \/>\r\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<span class=\"arrowSlider\"><\/span>\r\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/a>\r\n \r\n\t\t<\/li>\r\n\r\n\t\t\t<li>\r\n\t\t\t<a href=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/dr-philip-nitschke-on-bbc-hardtalk\/\" title=\"Dr Philip Nitschke on BBC Hardtalk\">\r\n\t\t\t\t<span>Dr Philip Nitschke on BBC Hardtalk<\/span>\r\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<img src=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/wp-content\/uploads\/2015\/04\/Hardtalk-5-621x307.jpg\" width=\"700\" height=\"307\" \/>\r\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<span class=\"arrowSlider\"><\/span>\r\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/a>\r\n \r\n\t\t<\/li>\r\n\r\n\t\t\t<li>\r\n\t\t\t<a href=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/meet-the-elon-musk-of-assisted-suicide\/\" title=\"Newsweek: ‘Meet the Elon Musk of Assisted Suicide’\">\r\n\t\t\t\t<span>Newsweek: ‘Meet the Elon Musk of Assisted Suicide’<\/span>\r\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<img src=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/wp-content\/uploads\/2017\/10\/IMG_1760-2-700x307.jpg\" width=\"700\" height=\"307\" \/>\r\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<span class=\"arrowSlider\"><\/span>\r\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/a>\r\n \r\n\t\t<\/li>\r\n\r\n\t\t\t<li>\r\n\t\t\t<a href=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/the-big-sleep\/\" title=\"The Big Sleep: the Exit of Pat & Peter Shaw\">\r\n\t\t\t\t<span>The Big Sleep: the Exit of Pat & Peter Shaw<\/span>\r\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<img src=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/wp-content\/uploads\/2016\/01\/Pat-Peter-Shaw-700x307.jpg\" width=\"700\" height=\"307\" \/>\r\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<span class=\"arrowSlider\"><\/span>\r\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/a>\r\n \r\n\t\t<\/li>\r\n\r\n\t<\/ul>\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\n <!-- Slider controls--> \r\n\r\n <\/div>\r\n <a href=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/about-exit\/dr-philip-nitschke\/\"><section id=\"slider-feature\" class=\"grid_3 omega\">\r\n <img src=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/02\/tulips2.jpg\" width=\"204\" >\r\n <h2>Who is<br \/>Dr Philip Nitschke?<\/h2>\r\n <div class=\"slider-feature-link\"><\/div>\r\n <\/section><\/a>\r\n <\/section>\r\n\r\n<\/section>\r\n\r\n<section id=\"feature-wide\">\r\n <section id=\"feature-container\" class=\"container_12\">\r\n <article class=\"feature-article grid_3 alpha\">\r\n <h3>The<br \/>Exit Clinic<\/h3>\r\n <img src=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/02\/EXIT_Clinic_Icon.png\" alt=\"\" width=\"184\" height=\"174\">\r\n <a class=\"read-more with-circle\" href=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/meetings\/clinics\/\">more<\/a> \r\n\r\n\r\n <\/article>\r\n\r\n <article class=\"feature-article grid_3\">\r\n\r\n <h3>The<br \/>Peaceful Pill<br \/>eHandbook<\/h3>\r\n <img src=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/02\/PPeH_HP.png\" alt=\"\" width=\"172\" height=\"145\">\r\n <a class=\"read-more with-circle\" href=\"https:\/\/www.peacefulpillhandbook.com\/#new_tab\">more<\/a> \r\n\r\n <\/article>\r\n\r\n <article class=\"feature-article grid_3\">\r\n <h3>Visit the<br \/>Exit Store<\/h3>\r\n <img src=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/02\/store1.png\" alt=\"\" width=\"158\" height=\"190\">\r\n <a class=\"read-more with-circle\" href=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/products\/\">go<\/a> \r\n <\/article>\r\n\r\n <article class=\"feature-article grid_3 omega workshop-list\">\r\n <div class=\"featured_meetings\">\r\n <h3>Meetings<\/h3>\r\n \r\n <div class=\"\">\r\n <h4 class=\"workshop-feature-title\">London UK<\/h4>\r\n <span class=\"workshop-feature-date\">Sat 26 Jan, 2019<\/span><br\/>\r\n <\/div>\r\n <a href=\"\/meetings\/workshops\/\" class=\"read-more with-circle\" >More<\/a>\r\n <\/div><div class=\"featured_workshops\">\r\n <h3>Workshops<\/h3>\r\n \r\n <div class=\"last-ws\">\r\n <h4 class=\"workshop-feature-title\">London UK<\/h4>\r\n <span class=\"workshop-feature-date\">Sat 26 Jan, 2019<\/span>\r\n <\/div>\r\n <a href=\"\/meetings\/workshops\/\" class=\"read-more with-circle\" >More<\/a> \r\n <\/div>\r\n <\/article>\r\n\r\n <\/section>\r\n<\/section>\r\n\r\n\r\n<section id=\"other-feature-wide\">\r\n <section id=\"other-feature-container\" class=\"container_12\">\r\n <article class=\"feature-article grid_3 alpha\">\r\n \r\n <h3>Killing Me Softly<\/h3>\r\n <img src=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/02\/killing_me_softly.jpeg\" alt=\"\" width=\"116\" height=\"175\">\r\n <a class=\"read-more with-circle-grey\" href=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/product\/killing-me-softly-resource-book\/\">Buy<\/a> \r\n\r\n\r\n <\/article>\r\n <article class=\"feature-article grid_3 news-excerpt\">\r\n\t<h3>Exit News Excerpt<\/h3>\r\n\t<p class=\"date\">November 18, 2018<\/p>\r\n\t<p>WA government to consider Victorian laws when forming right-to-die legislation<\/p>\r\n\t<a class=\"read-more with-circle-grey\" href=\"https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/wa-government-to-consider-victorian-laws-when-forming-right-to-die-legislation\/\">Read<\/a> \r\n<div class=\"clear\"><\/div>\r\n\t\r\n <\/article>\r\n <article id=\"tweets\" class=\"feature-article grid_6 omega half\">\r\n \r\n\t<a class=\"twitter-timeline\" data-lang=\"en\" data-height=\"300\" href=\"https:\/\/twitter.com\/philipnitschke?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw\">Tweets by Philip Nitschke<\/a> <script async src=\"https:\/\/platform.twitter.com\/widgets.js\" charset=\"utf-8\"><\/script>\r\n \r\n<\/article>\r\n \r\n \r\n <\/section>\r\n<\/section>\r\n\r\n\n<footer>\n\n <section id=\"footer-wide\">\n <section id=\"footer-container\" class=\"container_12\">\n <h2 class=\"footer-heading\" >Contact<\/h2>\n \n\n <div class=\"contact_column grid_3 alpha\">\n <h3>Australia<\/h3>\n<p>1300 10 3948 (EXIT)<\/p>\n<h3><strong>Netherlands<\/strong><\/h3>\n<p>(+31) 06 23 82 95 82<\/p>\n<h3><strong>New Zealand<\/strong><\/h3>\n<p>(+64) 09 889 0964<\/p>\n\n <\/div>\n\n <div class=\"contact_column grid_3\">\n <h3><strong>UK<\/strong><\/h3>\n<p>(+44) 7883 509 765<\/p>\n<h3><strong>USA<\/strong><\/h3>\n<p>(+1) 360 961 1333<\/p>\n<h3><strong>South Africa<\/strong><\/h3>\n<p>(+27) 21 825 9987<\/p>\n <\/div>\n\n <div class=\"contact_column grid_3\">\n <h3>Media<\/h3>\n<p>(+31) 6309 66992 (NL)<\/p>\n<p>(+61) 407 189 339 (Australia\/NZ)<\/p>\n<p>(+353) 87-256-2714 (Ireland)<\/p>\n<p>(+1) 360 961 1333 (USA)<\/p>\n<p> <\/p>\n<p> <\/p>\n <\/div>\n\n <div class=\"contact_column grid_3 omega\">\n <h3>Privacy Policy<\/h3>\n<p><a href=\"\/privacy-statement\/\">Exit International Privacy Policy<\/a><\/p>\n <\/div>\n\n\n <\/section>\n <\/section>\n\n <\/footer>\n\n\n\n\n<script>!function(d,s,id){var js,fjs=d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0];if(!d.getElementById(id)){js=d.createElement(s);js.id=id;js.src=\"https:\/\/platform.twitter.com\/widgets.js\";fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js,fjs);}}(document,\"script\",\"twitter-wjs\");<\/script>\n\n <script type='text\/javascript' src='https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/wp-content\/themes\/exitinternational\/assets\/js\/bootstrap.min.js'><\/script>\n<script type='text\/javascript' src='https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/wp-content\/plugins\/page-links-to\/js\/new-tab.min.js?ver=2.9.8'><\/script>\n<script type='text\/javascript' src='https:\/\/exitinternational.net\/wp-includes\/js\/wp-embed.min.js?ver=4.9.3'><\/script>\n\n <\/body>\n 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href=\"https:\/\/www.earthaction.org\/annual-campaign-reports.html\">Annual Campaign Reports<\/a><\/td><\/tr>\r\n\r\n <\/table> \r\n <\/li>\r\n\r\n <li id=\"main\">\r\n <div><a href=\"https:\/\/www.earthaction.org\/blog-post\" class=\"rollover-blog\"><span class=\"displace\">EA Blog<\/span><\/a><\/div>\r\n <\/li>\r\n\r\n <li id=\"main\">\r\n <div><a href=\"https:\/\/www.earthaction.org\/donate.html\" class=\"rollover-donate\"><span class=\"displace\">Donate<\/span><\/a><\/div>\r\n <\/li>\r\n\r\n <\/ul> \r\n <\/div>\r\n<\/div>\r\n<\/div>\r\n<br \/>\r\n\r\n<!-- __________END NAV DROP-MENU_______________ -->\r\n\r\n\r\n\n\t<\/div>\n<\/div>\n\n\n\n\n <div id=\"pagebody\">\n \n\n <div id=\"pagebody-inner\" class=\"pkg\">\n <div id=\"alpha\">\n <div id=\"alpha-inner\" class=\"pkg\">\n \n\n\n\n\n\n<!-- CAROUSEL POSTS -->\n\n\n<!-- entry list sticky -->\n\n\n<!-- REGULAR POSTS -->\n\n\n\n \n\n \n\n \n\n \n\n \n\n\n\n\n <h2 class=\"date-header\">November 12, 2018<\/h2>\n\n\t<div class=\"entry-category-action_alert entry-category-blog_post entry-category-books entry-category-climate_change entry-category-conservation entry-author-the_earthaction_team entry-type-post entry\" id=\"entry-6a00e550798c198834022ad3bf9953200b\">\n <div class=\"entry-inner\">\n\t\t\t\t\t<h3 class=\"entry-header\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.earthaction.org\/2018\/11\/mapping-the-connections-between-oil-power-and-war.html\">Mapping the Connections Between Oil, Power, and War<\/a><\/h3>\n\t\t\n\n\n\n\t\t<div class=\"entry-content\">\n\n\t\t\t<div class=\"entry-body\">\n\t\t\t\t<p><a class=\"asset-img-link\" href=\"https:\/\/earthaction.typepad.com\/.a\/6a00e550798c198834022ad3bf9923200b-pi\" style=\"display: inline;\"><img alt=\"Book 1\" class=\"asset asset-image at-xid-6a00e550798c198834022ad3bf9923200b img-responsive\" src=\"https:\/\/earthaction.typepad.com\/.a\/6a00e550798c198834022ad3bf9923200b-320wi\" title=\"Book 1\" \/><\/a><\/p>\r\n<p>Dear Friend,<\/p>\r\n<p>Much of my career has centered on energy - particularly on the central role that fossil fuels have played in the modern world, and our need to transition away from them. This has been a challenge, to say the least, because most of us are blissfully unaware of our tremendous dependence on fossil fuels (oil most especially) or the cost of that dependence on people and the planet.<\/p>\r\n<p>Recently Post Carbon Institute partnered with Chelsea Green Publishing to translate, update, and publish French author Matthieu Auanneau's powerful opus on the history of oil. His book, <em><a href=\"https:\/\/www.amazon.com\/Oil-Power-War-Dark-History\/dp\/1603587438\/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1537985349&sr=1-1&keywords=oil+power+and+war\">Oil, Power, and War<\/a> <\/em>is about oil's rise and eventual fall and will be available to <strong>American audiences in mid-November. <\/strong>I was honored to write the foreword.<\/p>\r\n<p><strong>We want to get this book in front of as many people as possible. And you can help by <a href=\"https:\/\/www.amazon.com\/Oil-Power-War-Dark-History\/dp\/1603587438\/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1537985349&sr=1-1&keywords=oil+power+and+war\">pre-ordering<\/a> it now.<\/strong><\/p>\r\n<p><strong> <a class=\"asset-img-link\" href=\"https:\/\/earthaction.typepad.com\/.a\/6a00e550798c198834022ad39ffc4f200d-pi\" style=\"display: inline;\"><img alt=\"Book 2\" class=\"asset asset-image at-xid-6a00e550798c198834022ad39ffc4f200d img-responsive\" height=\"365\" src=\"https:\/\/earthaction.typepad.com\/.a\/6a00e550798c198834022ad39ffc4f200d-320wi\" title=\"Book 2\" width=\"243\" \/><\/a><br \/><\/strong><\/p>\r\n<p><em>"Beautifully written and marvelously translated, Oil, Power, and War provides a detailed history of oil's impact on economic and technical advances - and, in turn, their impact on oil - over the past century. Extending its narrative through the events of early 2018, it offers a profound new understanding of oil's role in war and peace, growth and stagnation; and it casts new light on the foundations of national power and the challenge that lies ahead. A terrific education and an engrossing read."<\/em><\/p>\r\n<p>- Dennis Meadows, co-author of <em>The Limits to Growth<\/em><\/p>\r\n<p><em>"The definitive history of the rise and eventual fall of oil, brilliantly told. Auzanneau illuminates the history of our time driven by cheap oil and the persistent search for more at all costs. Insightful, authoritative, and essential reading. A dazzling and wise book."<\/em><\/p>\r\n<p><strong>- <\/strong>David Orr, author of <em>Dangerous Years<\/em>; Paul Sears Distinguished Professor of Environmental Studies and Politics, Oberlin College<\/p>\r\n<p>Translated from the French, Auzanneau's book offers a comprehensive view of the role oil has played in global conflict, periods of peace, unchecked growth, and ongoing waves of destruction. <\/p>\r\n<p><strong>I hope you'll <a href=\"https:\/\/www.amazon.com\/Oil-Power-War-Dark-History\/dp\/1603587438\/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1537985349&sr=1-1&keywords=oil+power+and+war\">pre-order<\/a> your own copy today and help us get the word out about this incredible book.<\/strong><\/p>\r\n<p>With appreciation,<\/p>\r\n<p>Richard Heinberg<\/p>\r\n<p>PCI Senior Fellow<\/p>\n\t\t\t<\/div>\n\t\t\t\n\n\n<!-- SIGNATURE -->\n\n\n\n\n\t\t\t\n\t\t<\/div>\n\t\t<div class=\"entry-footer\">\n\t\t\t<p class=\"entry-footer-info\">\n\t\t\t\t\n <span class=\"post-footers\">Posted by <a rel=\"author\" href=\"https:\/\/profile.typepad.com\/earthaction\">The EarthAction Team<\/a> at 09:05 PM in <a href=\"https:\/\/www.earthaction.org\/action-alert\/\">Action Alert<\/a>, <a href=\"https:\/\/www.earthaction.org\/blog-post\/\">Blog Post<\/a>, <a href=\"https:\/\/www.earthaction.org\/books\/\">Books<\/a>, <a href=\"https:\/\/www.earthaction.org\/climate-change\/\">Climate change<\/a>, <a href=\"https:\/\/www.earthaction.org\/conservation\/\">Conservation<\/a> <\/span> <span class=\"separator\">|<\/span> <a class=\"permalink\" href=\"https:\/\/www.earthaction.org\/2018\/11\/mapping-the-connections-between-oil-power-and-war.html\">Permalink<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<span class=\"separator\">|<\/span>\n \n\t\t\t\t\t<a class=\"entry-comments\" href=\"https:\/\/www.earthaction.org\/2018\/11\/mapping-the-connections-between-oil-power-and-war.html#comments\">Comments (0)<\/a>\n \n\t\t\t\t\n\t\t\t\t\n\t\t\t<\/p>\n\t\t\t<!-- technorati tags -->\n\n\n\t\t\t<!-- post footer links 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'toolbar=no,width=700,height=400'); return false;\">Save to del.icio.us<\/a>\n<\/span>\n\t<\/p>\n\n\n\t\t<\/div>\n\t<\/div>\n <\/div>\n\n\t\n\n \n\n\n\n \n\n \n\n \n\n \n\n \n\n \n\n \n\n \n\n\n\n\n <h2 class=\"date-header\">November 06, 2018<\/h2>\n\n\t<div class=\"entry-category-action_alert entry-category-blog_post entry-category-civil_liberties entry-category-current_affairs entry-category-disarmament entry-category-military_spending entry-category-nuclear_nonproliferation entry-category-weapons entry-author-the_earthaction_team entry-type-post entry\" id=\"entry-6a00e550798c198834022ad3786665200c\">\n <div class=\"entry-inner\">\n\t\t\t\t\t<h3 class=\"entry-header\"><a href=\"https:\/\/www.earthaction.org\/2018\/11\/a-divided-un-general-assembly-votes-on-nuclear-disarmament-resolutions.html\">A Divided UN General Assembly Votes on Nuclear Disarmament Resolutions<\/a><\/h3>\n\t\t\n\n\n\n\t\t<div class=\"entry-content\">\n\n\t\t\t<div class=\"entry-body\">\n\t\t\t\t<p><a class=\"asset-img-link\" href=\"https:\/\/earthaction.typepad.com\/.a\/6a00e550798c198834022ad378665d200c-pi\" style=\"display: inline;\"><img alt=\"UFZ UN 1\" class=\"asset asset-image at-xid-6a00e550798c198834022ad378665d200c img-responsive\" height=\"189\" src=\"https:\/\/earthaction.typepad.com\/.a\/6a00e550798c198834022ad378665d200c-320wi\" title=\"UFZ UN 1\" width=\"441\" \/><\/a><\/p>\r\n<p>Last week (Oct 24-30) was <a href=\"https:\/\/www.un.org\/en\/events\/disarmamentweek\/\">UN Disarmament <\/a>Week, when member states vote on a range of disarmament decisions and resolutions.<\/p>\r\n<p><em>Decisions <\/em>are binding on the United Nations. <em>Resolutions <\/em>are indications of governments' positions and intent - they are not binding but can be very authoritative and influential if supported by key countries.<\/p>\r\n<p>The deliberations and votes took place in an environment of increasing tensions between nuclear-armed States, and also an increasing divide between non-nuclear countries and those countries which rely on nuclear weapons for their security.<\/p>\r\n<p><a href=\"https:\/\/www.earthaction.org\/a-divided-un-general-assembly-votes-on-nuclear-disarmament-resolutions.html\">Click here to read more<\/a><\/p>\n\t\t\t<\/div>\n\t\t\t\n\n\n<!-- SIGNATURE -->\n\n\n\n\n\t\t\t\n\t\t<\/div>\n\t\t<div class=\"entry-footer\">\n\t\t\t<p class=\"entry-footer-info\">\n\t\t\t\t\n <span class=\"post-footers\">Posted by <a rel=\"author\" href=\"https:\/\/profile.typepad.com\/earthaction\">The EarthAction Team<\/a> at 04:51 PM in <a href=\"https:\/\/www.earthaction.org\/action-alert\/\">Action Alert<\/a>, <a href=\"https:\/\/www.earthaction.org\/blog-post\/\">Blog Post<\/a>, <a href=\"https:\/\/www.earthaction.org\/civil_liberties\/\">Civil Liberties<\/a>, <a href=\"https:\/\/www.earthaction.org\/current_affairs\/\">Current Affairs<\/a>, <a href=\"https:\/\/www.earthaction.org\/disarmament\/\">Disarmament<\/a>, <a 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accesskey=\"\" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/about-us\/what\/shared-environmental-information-system\">Shared Environmental Information System (SEIS)<\/a>\n <\/li>\n <\/ul>\n <\/dd>\n <dt class=\"hiddenStructure\">\n More networks\n <\/dt>\n <dd style=\"padding-bottom: 0.5em\" class=\"portletFooter\">\n <a class=\"moreLink\" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/about-us\/key-partners\">EU partners<\/a>  \n <a class=\"moreLink\" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/about-us\/international-cooperation\">International cooperation<\/a>\n <\/dd>\n <\/dl>\n <dl class=\"\">\n <dt>\n European Topic Centres (ETCs)\n <\/dt>\n <dd>\n <ul class=\"eea-no-list-style\">\n <li>\n <a href=\"http:\/\/acm.eionet.europa.eu\">Air pollution and Climate Change mitigation (ACM)<\/a>\n <\/li>\n <li>\n <a href=\"http:\/\/bd.eionet.europa.eu\">Biological Diversity (BD)<\/a>\n <\/li>\n <li>\n <a href=\"http:\/\/cca.eionet.europa.eu\">Climate Change Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation (CCA)<\/a>\n <\/li>\n 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<script>(function() {\n var gcse = document.createElement('script');\n gcse.type = 'text\/javascript';\n gcse.async = true;\n gcse.src = 'https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/eea-custom-search.js';\n var s = document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0];\n s.parentNode.insertBefore(gcse, s);\n })();<\/script>\n <div class=\"gsc-control-cse gsc-control-cse-en gsc-control-wrapper-cse\">\n <form method=\"get\" class=\"gsc-search-box gsc-search-box-tools\" autocomplete=\"off\" action=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/eea-custom-search\">\n <table class=\"gsc-search-box\" cellspacing=\"0\" cellpadding=\"0\">\n <tr>\n <td class=\"gsc-input\">\n <div class=\"gsc-input-box\">\n <input type=\"text\" name=\"q\" class=\"gsc-input-query\" placeholder=\"Search\" data-tags-url=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/eea-custom-search.tags\" \/>\n \n <\/div>\n <\/td>\n <td class=\"gsc-search-button\">\n <button class=\"gsc-search-button gsc-search-button-v2\">\n <span class=\"eea-icon eea-icon-search\"><\/span>\n 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<span>The EEA is an agency of the European Union<\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/li>\n \n\n \n \n\n <li id=\"secondary-portaltabs-container\">\n <ul id=\"secondary-portaltabs\" class=\"plain\">\n \n <\/ul>\n <\/li>\n <\/ul>\n <\/div>\n\n\n \n <\/div>\n <\/div>\n <\/div>\n <\/div>\n <\/div>\n <\/div>\n\n <div id=\"eea-above-columns\">\n<\/div>\n\n<div id=\"visual-portal-wrapper\">\n\n <div id=\"portal-columns\" class=\"row\">\n\n <!-- start of the main and left columns -->\n <div id=\"visual-column-wrapper\">\n\n <div id=\"portal-column-content\" class=\"cell width-full position-0\">\n\n \n \n <div id=\"viewlet-above-content\">\n\n\n<div id=\"eea-alchemy-modalEnabled\"><\/div>\n\n\n\n<\/div>\n \n \n\n \n <div id=\"region-content\" class=\"\">\n\n \n \n\n \n\n <dl class=\"portalMessage info\" id=\"kssPortalMessage\" style=\"display:none\">\n <dt>Info<\/dt>\n <dd><\/dd>\n <\/dl>\n\n \n\n \n\n <div id=\"content\">\n <h1 class=\"hiddenStructure\">European Environment Agency's home page<\/h1>\n \n <div id=\"highlights-block\">\n <div id=\"main-content\" class=\"content-core\">\n \n\n <div id=\"eea-intro-message\" class=\"portalMessage\">\n <span class=\"discreet\">The European Environment Agency provides sound, independent information on the environment for those involved in developing, adopting, implementing and evaluating environmental policy, and also the general public. In close collaboration with <a href=\"about-us\/countries-and-eionet\" class=\"link-plain\">the European Environmental Information and Observation Network (Eionet)<\/a> and its 33 member countries, the EEA gathers data and produces assessments on a wide range of topics related to the environment. <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/about-us\">Learn more<\/a><\/span>\n <\/div>\n\n <!-- mega_topics -->\n <div id=\"megatopics-area\">\n <div class=\"portlet-megatopic\">\n <div class=\"portlet promo-nav-portlet\" id=\"air-and-climate-megatopic\">\n <div>\n <img title=\"Air and climate\" alt=\"Air and climate\" width=\"254\" height=\"150\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/themes\/air\/theme_image\/image_mini\" \/>\n <div class=\"portletHeader\">Air and climate<\/div>\n <ul class=\"list-items\">\n <li><a href=\"\/themes\/air\">Air pollution<\/a><\/li>\n <li><a href=\"\/themes\/climate-change-adaptation\">Climate change adaptation<\/a><\/li>\n <li><a href=\"themes\/climate\">Climate change mitigation<\/a><\/li>\n <\/ul>\n <\/div>\n <\/div>\n <\/div>\n <div class=\"portlet-megatopic\">\n <div class=\"portlet promo-nav-portlet\" id=\"nature-megatopic\">\n <div>\n <img title=\"Nature\" alt=\"Visit our biodiversity website\" width=\"254\" height=\"150\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/themes\/biodiversity\/theme_image\/image_mini\" \/>\n <div class=\"portletHeader\">Nature<\/div>\n <ul class=\"list-items\">\n <li><a href=\"\/themes\/biodiversity\">Biodiversity \u2014 Ecosystems<\/a><\/li>\n <li><a href=\"\/themes\/landuse\">Land use<\/a><\/li>\n <li><a href=\"\/themes\/soil\">Soil<\/a><\/li>\n <li><a href=\"\/themes\/water\">Water and marine environment<\/a><\/li>\n <\/ul>\n <\/div>\n <\/div>\n <\/div>\n <div class=\"portlet-megatopic\">\n <div class=\"portlet promo-nav-portlet\" id=\"sustainability-megatopic\">\n <div>\n <img title=\"Sustainability and well-being\" alt=\"Sustainability and well-being\" width=\"254\" height=\"150\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/themes\/human\/theme_image\/image_mini\" \/>\n <div class=\"portletHeader\" style=\"font-size:142%;\">Sustainability and well-being<\/div>\n <ul class=\"list-items\">\n <li><a href=\"\/themes\/human\">Environment and health<\/a><\/li>\n <li><a href=\"\/themes\/policy\">Policy instruments<\/a><\/li>\n <li><a href=\"\/themes\/waste\">Resource efficiency and waste<\/a><\/li>\n <li><a href=\"\/themes\/sustainability-transitions\">Sustainability transitions<\/a><\/li>\n <\/ul>\n <\/div>\n <\/div>\n <\/div>\n <div class=\"portlet-megatopic\">\n <div class=\"portlet promo-nav-portlet\" id=\"economic-sectors-megatopic\">\n <div>\n <img title=\"Economic sectors\" alt=\"Economic sectors\" width=\"254\" height=\"150\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/themes\/energy\/theme_image\/image_mini\" \/>\n <div class=\"portletHeader\">Economic sectors<\/div>\n <ul class=\"list-items\">\n <li><a href=\"\/themes\/agriculture\">Agriculture<\/a><\/li>\n <li><a href=\"\/themes\/energy\">Energy<\/a><\/li>\n <li><a href=\"\/themes\/industry\">Industry<\/a><\/li>\n <li><a href=\"\/themes\/transport\">Transport<\/a><\/li>\n <\/ul>\n <\/div>\n <\/div>\n <\/div>\n \n <\/div>\n <!-- end mega_topics -->\n\n <div id=\"highlights-area\" class=\"column-area\">\n\n \n\n <div id=\"below-topics-area\" class=\"whatsnew-listing\">\n <!-- select_topics -->\n <div id=\"news-header\">\n <h2>What's new<\/h2>\n <\/div>\n <!-- end select_topics -->\n\n <!-- tabs -->\n <div id=\"whatsnew-gallery\" data-page=\"frontpage\">\n \n <ul class=\"eea-tabs two-rows\">\n <li>\n <a href=\"#\" class=\"block\" id=\"tab-news\">News<\/a>\n <\/li>\n <li>\n <a href=\"#\" class=\"block\" id=\"tab-articles\">Articles<\/a>\n <\/li>\n <li>\n <a href=\"#\" class=\"block\" id=\"tab-publications\">Publications<\/a>\n <\/li>\n <li>\n <a href=\"#\" class=\"block\" id=\"tab-multimedia\">Multimedia<\/a>\n <\/li>\n <li>\n <a href=\"#\" class=\"block\" id=\"tab-datamaps\">Data and maps<\/a>\n <\/li>\n <li>\n <a href=\"#\" class=\"block\" id=\"tab-allproducts\">All products<\/a>\n <\/li>\n <\/ul>\n \n <!-- end_tabs -->\n <select id=\"topic-selector\">\n <option value=\"\">All topics<\/option>\n \n <option value=\"agriculture\">Agriculture<\/option>\n \n <option value=\"air\">Air pollution<\/option>\n \n <option value=\"biodiversity\">Biodiversity - Ecosystems<\/option>\n \n <option value=\"chemicals\">Chemicals<\/option>\n \n <option value=\"climate-change-adaptation\">Climate change adaptation<\/option>\n \n <option value=\"climate\">Climate change mitigation<\/option>\n \n <option value=\"default\">Default<\/option>\n \n <option value=\"energy\">Energy<\/option>\n \n <option value=\"human\">Environment and health<\/option>\n \n <option value=\"scenarios\">Environmental scenarios<\/option>\n \n <option value=\"technology\">Environmental technology<\/option>\n \n <option value=\"fishery\">Fisheries<\/option>\n \n <option value=\"economy\">Green economy<\/option>\n \n <option value=\"households\">Household consumption<\/option>\n \n <option value=\"industry\">Industry<\/option>\n \n <option value=\"landuse\">Land use<\/option>\n \n <option value=\"coast_sea\">Marine<\/option>\n \n <option value=\"natural\">Natural resources<\/option>\n \n <option value=\"noise\">Noise<\/option>\n \n <option value=\"policy\">Policy instruments<\/option>\n \n <option value=\"waste\">Resource efficiency and waste<\/option>\n \n <option value=\"soil\">Soil<\/option>\n \n <option value=\"regions\">Specific regions<\/option>\n \n <option value=\"sustainability-transitions\">Sustainability transitions<\/option>\n \n <option value=\"tourism\">Tourism<\/option>\n \n <option value=\"transport\">Transport<\/option>\n \n <option value=\"urban\">Urban environment<\/option>\n \n <option value=\"other_issues\">Various other issues<\/option>\n \n <option value=\"water\">Water<\/option>\n \n <\/select>\n \n <div class=\"eea-tabs-panels\">\n \n \n \n <div class=\"eea-tabs-panel\" id=\"news-highlights\">\n\n \n \n \n \n \n \n <p class=\"filter-topic\">Filtered by<\/p>\n <ul class=\"gallery-layout-selection list-inline\">\n <li class=\"list-layout active-list\">\n <span class=\"eea-icon eea-icon-marginless eea-icon-th-list eea-icon-lg\"><\/span>\n <\/li>\n <li class=\"album-layout\">\n <span class=\"eea-icon eea-icon-marginless eea-icon-th eea-icon-lg\"><\/span>\n <\/li>\n <\/ul>\n\n \n <div class=\"gallery-ajax visualClear\">\n <div class=\" gallery-listing \">\n \n\n\n \n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <!-- Navigation -->\n \n <!-- Navigation -->\n\n\n \n\n\n\n\n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage \" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/highlights\/better-information-needed-on-europes-forests\" title=\"Better information needed on Europe's forests\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/highlights\/better-information-needed-on-europes-forests\/image_thumb\" title=\"Better information needed on Europe's forests\" alt=\"Better information needed on Europe's forests\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/highlights\/better-information-needed-on-europes-forests\" class=\" state-published\" title=\"Better information needed on Europe's forests\">Better information needed on Europe's forests<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>News<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 27 Nov 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\">There is a growing demand for forest products and ecosystem services but information on the changes in Europe's forests is currently limited. According to an EEA briefing, published today, high-resolution satellite images will improve knowledge about changes in structure, function and condition of forest ecosystems and the impacts of different forest management practices across Europe.<\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/highlights\/better-information-needed-on-europes-forests\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage \" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/highlights\/rising-energy-consumption-slows-eu\" title=\"Rising energy consumption slows EU progress on renewables and energy efficiency targets\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/highlights\/rising-energy-consumption-slows-eu\/image_thumb\" title=\"Rising energy consumption slows EU progress on renewables and energy efficiency targets\" alt=\"Rising energy consumption slows EU progress on renewables and energy efficiency targets\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/highlights\/rising-energy-consumption-slows-eu\" class=\" state-published\" title=\"Rising energy consumption slows EU progress on renewables and energy efficiency targets\">Rising energy consumption slows EU progress on renewables and energy efficiency targets<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>News<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 26 Nov 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\">Progress on increasing the use of renewable energy and improving energy efficiency is slowing across the European Union, putting at risk the EU\u2019s ability to achieve its energy and emissions reduction targets. Rising energy consumption, particularly in the transport sector, is to blame for the slowdown, according to preliminary data released today in the European Environment Agency\u2019s (EEA) annual analysis on the EU\u2019s progress towards its targets on renewables and energy efficiency. \r\n<\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/highlights\/rising-energy-consumption-slows-eu\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage \" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/highlights\/eea-report-confirms-electric-cars\" title=\"EEA report confirms: electric cars are better for climate and air quality\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/highlights\/eea-report-confirms-electric-cars\/image_thumb\" title=\"EEA report confirms: electric cars are better for climate and air quality\" alt=\"EEA report confirms: electric cars are better for climate and air quality\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/highlights\/eea-report-confirms-electric-cars\" class=\" state-published\" title=\"EEA report confirms: electric cars are better for climate and air quality\">EEA report confirms: electric cars are better for climate and air quality<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>News<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 22 Nov 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\">Battery electric cars emit less greenhouse gases and air pollutants over their entire life cycle than petrol and diesel cars, according to a European Environment Agency (EEA) report, published today. Promoting renewable energy and circular economy \u2014 including the shared use of vehicles and product design that supports reuse and recycling \u2014 will help maximise the benefits of shifting to electric vehicles. <\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/highlights\/eea-report-confirms-electric-cars\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage \" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/highlights\/restoring-floodplains-would-improve-state\" title=\"Restoring floodplains would improve state of water, ecosystems and climate protection in Europe\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/highlights\/restoring-floodplains-would-improve-state\/image_thumb\" title=\"Restoring floodplains would improve state of water, ecosystems and climate protection in Europe\" alt=\"Restoring floodplains would improve state of water, ecosystems and climate protection in Europe\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/highlights\/restoring-floodplains-would-improve-state\" class=\" state-published\" title=\"Restoring floodplains would improve state of water, ecosystems and climate protection in Europe\">Restoring floodplains would improve state of water, ecosystems and climate protection in Europe<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>News<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 19 Nov 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\">Areas next to rivers hold potential for cost-effective flood protection and improving the health of an entire river ecosystem. According to a European Environment Agency (EEA) briefing published today, restoring European floodplains closer to their natural state would contribute to the achievement of several European Union policies. Estimates suggest that 70-90 % of Europe\u2019s floodplain area is ecologically degraded.<\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/highlights\/restoring-floodplains-would-improve-state\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n\n\n \n\n \n <!-- Navigation -->\n\n\n \n\n\n\n\n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n\n\n <\/div>\n \n <div class=\" gallery-album hiddenStructure\">\n \n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry photoAlbumFolder\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/highlights\/better-information-needed-on-europes-forests\" title=\"Better information needed on Europe's forests\" class=\"\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\"There is a growing demand for forest products and ecosystem services but information on the changes in Europe's forests is currently limited. According to an EEA briefing, published today, high-resolution satellite images will improve knowledge about changes in structure, function and condition of forest ecosystems and the impacts of different forest management practices across Europe.\" alt=\"Better information needed on Europe's forests\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/highlights\/better-information-needed-on-europes-forests\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">Better information needed on Europe's forests<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\">There is a growing demand for forest products and ecosystem services but information on the changes in Europe's forests is currently limited. According to an EEA briefing, published today, high-resolution satellite images will improve knowledge about changes in structure, function and condition of forest ecosystems and the impacts of different forest management practices across Europe.<\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry photoAlbumFolder\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/highlights\/rising-energy-consumption-slows-eu\" title=\"Rising energy consumption slows EU progress on renewables and energy efficiency targets\" class=\"\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\"Progress on increasing the use of renewable energy and improving energy efficiency is slowing across the European Union, putting at risk the EU\u2019s ability to achieve its energy and emissions reduction targets. Rising energy consumption, particularly in the transport sector, is to blame for the slowdown, according to preliminary data released today in the European Environment Agency\u2019s (EEA) annual analysis on the EU\u2019s progress towards its targets on renewables and energy efficiency. \r\n\" alt=\"Rising energy consumption slows EU progress on renewables and energy efficiency targets\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/highlights\/rising-energy-consumption-slows-eu\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">Rising energy consumption slows EU progress on renewables and energy efficiency targets<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\">Progress on increasing the use of renewable energy and improving energy efficiency is slowing across the European Union, putting at risk the EU\u2019s ability to achieve its energy and emissions reduction targets. Rising energy consumption, particularly in the transport sector, is to blame for the slowdown, according to preliminary data released today in the European Environment Agency\u2019s (EEA) annual analysis on the EU\u2019s progress towards its targets on renewables and energy efficiency. \r\n<\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry photoAlbumFolder\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/highlights\/eea-report-confirms-electric-cars\" title=\"EEA report confirms: electric cars are better for climate and air quality\" class=\"\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\"Battery electric cars emit less greenhouse gases and air pollutants over their entire life cycle than petrol and diesel cars, according to a European Environment Agency (EEA) report, published today. Promoting renewable energy and circular economy \u2014 including the shared use of vehicles and product design that supports reuse and recycling \u2014 will help maximise the benefits of shifting to electric vehicles. \" alt=\"EEA report confirms: electric cars are better for climate and air quality\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/highlights\/eea-report-confirms-electric-cars\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">EEA report confirms: electric cars are better for climate and air quality<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\">Battery electric cars emit less greenhouse gases and air pollutants over their entire life cycle than petrol and diesel cars, according to a European Environment Agency (EEA) report, published today. Promoting renewable energy and circular economy \u2014 including the shared use of vehicles and product design that supports reuse and recycling \u2014 will help maximise the benefits of shifting to electric vehicles. <\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry photoAlbumFolder\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/highlights\/restoring-floodplains-would-improve-state\" title=\"Restoring floodplains would improve state of water, ecosystems and climate protection in Europe\" class=\"\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\"Areas next to rivers hold potential for cost-effective flood protection and improving the health of an entire river ecosystem. According to a European Environment Agency (EEA) briefing published today, restoring European floodplains closer to their natural state would contribute to the achievement of several European Union policies. Estimates suggest that 70-90 % of Europe\u2019s floodplain area is ecologically degraded.\" alt=\"Restoring floodplains would improve state of water, ecosystems and climate protection in Europe\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/highlights\/restoring-floodplains-would-improve-state\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">Restoring floodplains would improve state of water, ecosystems and climate protection in Europe<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\">Areas next to rivers hold potential for cost-effective flood protection and improving the health of an entire river ecosystem. According to a European Environment Agency (EEA) briefing published today, restoring European floodplains closer to their natural state would contribute to the achievement of several European Union policies. Estimates suggest that 70-90 % of Europe\u2019s floodplain area is ecologically degraded.<\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n <div class=\"visualClear\"><\/div>\n \n \n <\/div>\n \n <\/div>\n\n <div class=\"portletFooter\">\n <p>\n <a title=\"archive\" class=\"standardButton\" href=\"highlights\">\n All Items\n <\/a>\n <\/p>\n<\/div>\n\n \n \n\n \n<\/div>\n \n \n \n <div class=\"eea-tabs-panel\" id=\"articles-highlights\">\n\n \n \n \n \n \n \n <p class=\"filter-topic\">Filtered by<\/p>\n <ul class=\"gallery-layout-selection list-inline\">\n <li class=\"list-layout active-list\">\n <span class=\"eea-icon eea-icon-marginless eea-icon-th-list eea-icon-lg\"><\/span>\n <\/li>\n <li class=\"album-layout\">\n <span class=\"eea-icon eea-icon-marginless eea-icon-th eea-icon-lg\"><\/span>\n <\/li>\n <\/ul>\n\n \n <div class=\"gallery-ajax visualClear\">\n <div class=\" gallery-listing \">\n \n\n\n \n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <!-- Navigation -->\n \n <!-- Navigation -->\n\n\n \n\n\n\n\n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage \" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/articles\/understanding-and-acting-on-the-complexity\" title=\"Understanding and acting on the complexity of climate change\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/articles\/understanding-and-acting-on-the-complexity\/image_thumb\" title=\"Understanding and acting on the complexity of climate change\" alt=\"Understanding and acting on the complexity of climate change\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/articles\/understanding-and-acting-on-the-complexity\" class=\" state-published\" title=\"Understanding and acting on the complexity of climate change\">Understanding and acting on the complexity of climate change<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>Article<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 17 Sep 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\">Climate change is one of the most important challenges of our time. Its impacts are felt across the globe, affecting people, nature and the economy. To mitigate climate change, we need to reduce global emissions of greenhouse gases significantly. Translating this overall objective into concrete measures requires understanding a complex system linking emissions from different sources to national and regional impacts, global governance and potential co-benefits. The European Environment Agency strives to continuously improve the knowledge needed for designing effective measures on the ground.<\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/articles\/understanding-and-acting-on-the-complexity\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage \" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/articles\/mercury-a-persistent-threat-to\" title=\"Mercury: a persistent threat to the environment and people's health\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/articles\/mercury-a-persistent-threat-to\/image_thumb\" title=\"Mercury: a persistent threat to the environment and people's health\" alt=\"Mercury: a persistent threat to the environment and people's health\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/articles\/mercury-a-persistent-threat-to\" class=\" state-published\" title=\"Mercury: a persistent threat to the environment and people's health\">Mercury: a persistent threat to the environment and people's health<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>Article<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 17 Sep 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\">Many people still associate mercury with thermometers and most also know that it is toxic. Because of its toxicity, mercury is on its way out from products in Europe but a lot of it is still circulating in air, water, soil and ecosystems. Is mercury still a problem and what is being done about it? We interviewed Ian Marnane, EEA expert on sustainable resource use and industry.<\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/articles\/mercury-a-persistent-threat-to\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage \" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/signals\/signals-2018-content-list\/articles\/interview-2014-the-dutch-make\" title=\"Interview \u2014 The Dutch make room for the river\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/signals\/signals-2018-content-list\/articles\/interview-2014-the-dutch-make\/image_thumb\" title=\"Interview \u2014 The Dutch make room for the river\" alt=\"Interview \u2014 The Dutch make room for the river\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/signals\/signals-2018-content-list\/articles\/interview-2014-the-dutch-make\" class=\" state-published\" title=\"Interview \u2014 The Dutch make room for the river\">Interview \u2014 The Dutch make room for the river<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>Article<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 30 Aug 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\">Nature and water go hand in hand. This is the thinking behind the Dutch Room for the River programme. This back-to-basics approach now serves as a global model in terms of water management and protection against increased risks of flooding linked to climate change. The most recent extreme floods in 1993 and 1995 served as a wake-up call, according to Willem Jan Goossen from the Dutch Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management. We asked him what the programme represents in terms of sustainable flood protection.<\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/signals\/signals-2018-content-list\/articles\/interview-2014-the-dutch-make\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage \" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/signals\/signals-2018-content-list\/articles\/close-up-2014-water-in\" title=\"Close up \u2014 Water in the city\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/signals\/signals-2018-content-list\/articles\/close-up-2014-water-in\/image_thumb\" title=\"Close up \u2014 Water in the city\" alt=\"Close up \u2014 Water in the city\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/signals\/signals-2018-content-list\/articles\/close-up-2014-water-in\" class=\" state-published\" title=\"Close up \u2014 Water in the city\">Close up \u2014 Water in the city<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>Article<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 30 Aug 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\">We often take a reliable supply of clean water for granted. We turn on the tap and clean water comes out, we use it and the \u2018dirty\u2019 water goes down the drain. For a large majority of Europeans, the water we use at home is of drinking quality and available 24 hours a day. The brief moment between the tap and the drain is only a very small part of its overall journey. Managing water in a city is not limited to public water systems. Climate change, urban sprawl and alterations to river basins can all lead to more frequent and damaging floods in cities, leaving authorities faced with an ever-growing challenge.\r\n\r\n<\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/signals\/signals-2018-content-list\/articles\/close-up-2014-water-in\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n\n\n \n\n \n <!-- Navigation -->\n\n\n \n\n\n\n\n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n\n\n <\/div>\n \n <div class=\" gallery-album hiddenStructure\">\n \n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry photoAlbumFolder\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/articles\/understanding-and-acting-on-the-complexity\" title=\"Understanding and acting on the complexity of climate change\" class=\"\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\"Climate change is one of the most important challenges of our time. Its impacts are felt across the globe, affecting people, nature and the economy. To mitigate climate change, we need to reduce global emissions of greenhouse gases significantly. Translating this overall objective into concrete measures requires understanding a complex system linking emissions from different sources to national and regional impacts, global governance and potential co-benefits. The European Environment Agency strives to continuously improve the knowledge needed for designing effective measures on the ground.\" alt=\"Understanding and acting on the complexity of climate change\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/articles\/understanding-and-acting-on-the-complexity\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">Understanding and acting on the complexity of climate change<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\">Climate change is one of the most important challenges of our time. Its impacts are felt across the globe, affecting people, nature and the economy. To mitigate climate change, we need to reduce global emissions of greenhouse gases significantly. Translating this overall objective into concrete measures requires understanding a complex system linking emissions from different sources to national and regional impacts, global governance and potential co-benefits. The European Environment Agency strives to continuously improve the knowledge needed for designing effective measures on the ground.<\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry photoAlbumFolder\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/articles\/mercury-a-persistent-threat-to\" title=\"Mercury: a persistent threat to the environment and people's health\" class=\"\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\"Many people still associate mercury with thermometers and most also know that it is toxic. Because of its toxicity, mercury is on its way out from products in Europe but a lot of it is still circulating in air, water, soil and ecosystems. Is mercury still a problem and what is being done about it? We interviewed Ian Marnane, EEA expert on sustainable resource use and industry.\" alt=\"Mercury: a persistent threat to the environment and people's health\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/articles\/mercury-a-persistent-threat-to\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">Mercury: a persistent threat to the environment and people's health<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\">Many people still associate mercury with thermometers and most also know that it is toxic. Because of its toxicity, mercury is on its way out from products in Europe but a lot of it is still circulating in air, water, soil and ecosystems. Is mercury still a problem and what is being done about it? We interviewed Ian Marnane, EEA expert on sustainable resource use and industry.<\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry photoAlbumFolder\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/signals\/signals-2018-content-list\/articles\/interview-2014-the-dutch-make\" title=\"Interview \u2014 The Dutch make room for the river\" class=\"\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\"Nature and water go hand in hand. This is the thinking behind the Dutch Room for the River programme. This back-to-basics approach now serves as a global model in terms of water management and protection against increased risks of flooding linked to climate change. The most recent extreme floods in 1993 and 1995 served as a wake-up call, according to Willem Jan Goossen from the Dutch Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management. We asked him what the programme represents in terms of sustainable flood protection.\" alt=\"Interview \u2014 The Dutch make room for the river\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/signals\/signals-2018-content-list\/articles\/interview-2014-the-dutch-make\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">Interview \u2014 The Dutch make room for the river<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\">Nature and water go hand in hand. This is the thinking behind the Dutch Room for the River programme. This back-to-basics approach now serves as a global model in terms of water management and protection against increased risks of flooding linked to climate change. The most recent extreme floods in 1993 and 1995 served as a wake-up call, according to Willem Jan Goossen from the Dutch Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management. We asked him what the programme represents in terms of sustainable flood protection.<\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry photoAlbumFolder\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/signals\/signals-2018-content-list\/articles\/close-up-2014-water-in\" title=\"Close up \u2014 Water in the city\" class=\"\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\"We often take a reliable supply of clean water for granted. We turn on the tap and clean water comes out, we use it and the \u2018dirty\u2019 water goes down the drain. For a large majority of Europeans, the water we use at home is of drinking quality and available 24 hours a day. The brief moment between the tap and the drain is only a very small part of its overall journey. Managing water in a city is not limited to public water systems. Climate change, urban sprawl and alterations to river basins can all lead to more frequent and damaging floods in cities, leaving authorities faced with an ever-growing challenge.\r\n\r\n\" alt=\"Close up \u2014 Water in the city\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/signals\/signals-2018-content-list\/articles\/close-up-2014-water-in\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">Close up \u2014 Water in the city<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\">We often take a reliable supply of clean water for granted. We turn on the tap and clean water comes out, we use it and the \u2018dirty\u2019 water goes down the drain. For a large majority of Europeans, the water we use at home is of drinking quality and available 24 hours a day. The brief moment between the tap and the drain is only a very small part of its overall journey. Managing water in a city is not limited to public water systems. Climate change, urban sprawl and alterations to river basins can all lead to more frequent and damaging floods in cities, leaving authorities faced with an ever-growing challenge.\r\n\r\n<\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n <div class=\"visualClear\"><\/div>\n \n \n <\/div>\n \n <\/div>\n\n <div class=\"portletFooter\">\n <p>\n <a title=\"archive\" class=\"standardButton\" href=\"articles\">\n All Items\n <\/a>\n <\/p>\n<\/div>\n\n \n \n\n \n<\/div>\n \n \n \n <div class=\"eea-tabs-panel\" id=\"publications-highlights\">\n\n \n \n \n \n \n \n <p class=\"filter-topic\">Filtered by<\/p>\n <ul class=\"gallery-layout-selection list-inline\">\n <li class=\"list-layout active-list\">\n <span class=\"eea-icon eea-icon-marginless eea-icon-th-list eea-icon-lg\"><\/span>\n <\/li>\n <li class=\"album-layout\">\n <span class=\"eea-icon eea-icon-marginless eea-icon-th eea-icon-lg\"><\/span>\n <\/li>\n <\/ul>\n\n \n <div class=\"gallery-ajax visualClear\">\n <div class=\" gallery-listing \">\n \n\n\n \n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <!-- Navigation -->\n \n <!-- Navigation -->\n\n\n \n\n\n\n\n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage \" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/publications\/forest-dynamics-in-europe-and\" title=\"Forest dynamics in Europe and their ecological consequences\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/publications\/forest-dynamics-in-europe-and\/image_thumb\" title=\"Forest dynamics in Europe and their ecological consequences\" alt=\"Forest dynamics in Europe and their ecological consequences\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/publications\/forest-dynamics-in-europe-and\" class=\" state-published\" title=\"Forest dynamics in Europe and their ecological consequences\">Forest dynamics in Europe and their ecological consequences<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>Publication<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 27 Nov 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\">Forests used to constitute the dominant natural vegetation in most of Europe, covering up to 80 % of the land surface. However, the current extent and condition of forest ecosystems are the result of the process of human appropriation (domestication), which started more than 5000 years ago. By the end of the 17th century, more than half of Europe\u2019s original forest had disappeared and covered just a few percent of the total land area in countries such as Denmark or Ireland. In response to forest depletion, stricter forest management practices emerged to replant, protect and maintain forest cover and the multi-functionality of forests in terms of wood production and protection against, for example, soil and wind erosion. <\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/publications\/forest-dynamics-in-europe-and\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage \" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/publications\/trends-and-projections-in-europe-2018-climate-and-energy\" title=\"Trends and projections in Europe 2018 - Tracking progress towards Europe's climate and energy targets\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/publications\/trends-and-projections-in-europe-2018-climate-and-energy\/image_thumb\" title=\"Trends and projections in Europe 2018 - Tracking progress towards Europe's climate and energy targets\" alt=\"Trends and projections in Europe 2018 - Tracking progress towards Europe's climate and energy targets\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/publications\/trends-and-projections-in-europe-2018-climate-and-energy\" class=\" state-published\" title=\"Trends and projections in Europe 2018 - Tracking progress towards Europe's climate and energy targets\">Trends and projections in Europe 2018 - Tracking progress towards Europe's climate and energy targets<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>Publication<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 26 Nov 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\">This report is part of the \u2018Trends and Projections in Europe: 2018: Tracking progress towards Europe\u2019s climate and energy targets,\u2019 package. It is based on the most recent reported and approximated data from EU Member States on greenhouse gas emissions, renewable energy uptake and energy consumption.<\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/publications\/trends-and-projections-in-europe-2018-climate-and-energy\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage \" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/publications\/progress-of-eu-transport-sector-1\" title=\"Progress of EU transport sector towards its environment and climate objectives\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/publications\/progress-of-eu-transport-sector-1\/image_thumb\" title=\"Progress of EU transport sector towards its environment and climate objectives\" alt=\"Progress of EU transport sector towards its environment and climate objectives\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/publications\/progress-of-eu-transport-sector-1\" class=\" state-published\" title=\"Progress of EU transport sector towards its environment and climate objectives\">Progress of EU transport sector towards its environment and climate objectives<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>Publication<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 22 Nov 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\"> Emissions from the EU transport sector are not reducing enough to limit its environmental and climate impacts in Europe. Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from transport have increased over the last three years, whilst average CO2 emissions of new passenger cars increased for the first time in 2017. The sector remains a significant source of air pollution, especially of particulate matter (PM) and nitrogen dioxide, although these emissions have been reduced in the last decade. It also is the main source of environmental noise in Europe. <\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/publications\/progress-of-eu-transport-sector-1\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage \" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/publications\/electric-vehicles-from-life-cycle\" title=\"Electric vehicles from life cycle and circular economy perspectives - TERM 2018\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/publications\/electric-vehicles-from-life-cycle\/image_thumb\" title=\"Electric vehicles from life cycle and circular economy perspectives - TERM 2018\" alt=\"Electric vehicles from life cycle and circular economy perspectives - TERM 2018\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/publications\/electric-vehicles-from-life-cycle\" class=\" state-published\" title=\"Electric vehicles from life cycle and circular economy perspectives - TERM 2018\">Electric vehicles from life cycle and circular economy perspectives - TERM 2018<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>Publication<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 22 Nov 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\">Through the Transport and Environment Reporting\r\nMechanism (TERM) report, the EEA has been\r\nmonitoring progress in integrating environmental\r\nobjectives in transport since 2000. The TERM report\r\nprovides information to the EEA's member countries,\r\nthe EU and the public.\r\nThe TERM includes several indicators used for tracking\r\nthe short- and long-term environmental performance\r\nof the transport sector and for measuring progress\r\ntowards meeting key transport-related policy targets.\r\nSince 2017, the indicator-based assessment component\r\nof the TERM report has been published as a separate\r\nbriefing.<\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/publications\/electric-vehicles-from-life-cycle\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n\n\n \n\n \n <!-- Navigation -->\n\n\n \n\n\n\n\n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n\n\n <\/div>\n \n <div class=\" gallery-album hiddenStructure\">\n \n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry photoAlbumFolder\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/publications\/forest-dynamics-in-europe-and\" title=\"Forest dynamics in Europe and their ecological consequences\" class=\"\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\"Forests used to constitute the dominant natural vegetation in most of Europe, covering up to 80 % of the land surface. However, the current extent and condition of forest ecosystems are the result of the process of human appropriation (domestication), which started more than 5000 years ago. By the end of the 17th century, more than half of Europe\u2019s original forest had disappeared and covered just a few percent of the total land area in countries such as Denmark or Ireland. In response to forest depletion, stricter forest management practices emerged to replant, protect and maintain forest cover and the multi-functionality of forests in terms of wood production and protection against, for example, soil and wind erosion. \" alt=\"Forest dynamics in Europe and their ecological consequences\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/publications\/forest-dynamics-in-europe-and\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">Forest dynamics in Europe and their ecological consequences<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\">Forests used to constitute the dominant natural vegetation in most of Europe, covering up to 80 % of the land surface. However, the current extent and condition of forest ecosystems are the result of the process of human appropriation (domestication), which started more than 5000 years ago. By the end of the 17th century, more than half of Europe\u2019s original forest had disappeared and covered just a few percent of the total land area in countries such as Denmark or Ireland. In response to forest depletion, stricter forest management practices emerged to replant, protect and maintain forest cover and the multi-functionality of forests in terms of wood production and protection against, for example, soil and wind erosion. <\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry photoAlbumFolder\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/publications\/trends-and-projections-in-europe-2018-climate-and-energy\" title=\"Trends and projections in Europe 2018 - Tracking progress towards Europe's climate and energy targets\" class=\"\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\"This report is part of the \u2018Trends and Projections in Europe: 2018: Tracking progress towards Europe\u2019s climate and energy targets,\u2019 package. It is based on the most recent reported and approximated data from EU Member States on greenhouse gas emissions, renewable energy uptake and energy consumption.\" alt=\"Trends and projections in Europe 2018 - Tracking progress towards Europe's climate and energy targets\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/publications\/trends-and-projections-in-europe-2018-climate-and-energy\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">Trends and projections in Europe 2018 - Tracking progress towards Europe's climate and energy targets<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\">This report is part of the \u2018Trends and Projections in Europe: 2018: Tracking progress towards Europe\u2019s climate and energy targets,\u2019 package. It is based on the most recent reported and approximated data from EU Member States on greenhouse gas emissions, renewable energy uptake and energy consumption.<\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry photoAlbumFolder\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/publications\/progress-of-eu-transport-sector-1\" title=\"Progress of EU transport sector towards its environment and climate objectives\" class=\"\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\" Emissions from the EU transport sector are not reducing enough to limit its environmental and climate impacts in Europe. Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from transport have increased over the last three years, whilst average CO2 emissions of new passenger cars increased for the first time in 2017. The sector remains a significant source of air pollution, especially of particulate matter (PM) and nitrogen dioxide, although these emissions have been reduced in the last decade. It also is the main source of environmental noise in Europe. \" alt=\"Progress of EU transport sector towards its environment and climate objectives\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/publications\/progress-of-eu-transport-sector-1\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">Progress of EU transport sector towards its environment and climate objectives<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\"> Emissions from the EU transport sector are not reducing enough to limit its environmental and climate impacts in Europe. Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from transport have increased over the last three years, whilst average CO2 emissions of new passenger cars increased for the first time in 2017. The sector remains a significant source of air pollution, especially of particulate matter (PM) and nitrogen dioxide, although these emissions have been reduced in the last decade. It also is the main source of environmental noise in Europe. <\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry photoAlbumFolder\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/publications\/electric-vehicles-from-life-cycle\" title=\"Electric vehicles from life cycle and circular economy perspectives - TERM 2018\" class=\"\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\"Through the Transport and Environment Reporting\r\nMechanism (TERM) report, the EEA has been\r\nmonitoring progress in integrating environmental\r\nobjectives in transport since 2000. The TERM report\r\nprovides information to the EEA's member countries,\r\nthe EU and the public.\r\nThe TERM includes several indicators used for tracking\r\nthe short- and long-term environmental performance\r\nof the transport sector and for measuring progress\r\ntowards meeting key transport-related policy targets.\r\nSince 2017, the indicator-based assessment component\r\nof the TERM report has been published as a separate\r\nbriefing.\" alt=\"Electric vehicles from life cycle and circular economy perspectives - TERM 2018\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/publications\/electric-vehicles-from-life-cycle\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">Electric vehicles from life cycle and circular economy perspectives - TERM 2018<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\">Through the Transport and Environment Reporting\r\nMechanism (TERM) report, the EEA has been\r\nmonitoring progress in integrating environmental\r\nobjectives in transport since 2000. The TERM report\r\nprovides information to the EEA's member countries,\r\nthe EU and the public.\r\nThe TERM includes several indicators used for tracking\r\nthe short- and long-term environmental performance\r\nof the transport sector and for measuring progress\r\ntowards meeting key transport-related policy targets.\r\nSince 2017, the indicator-based assessment component\r\nof the TERM report has been published as a separate\r\nbriefing.<\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n <div class=\"visualClear\"><\/div>\n \n \n <\/div>\n \n <\/div>\n\n <div class=\"portletFooter\">\n <p>\n <a title=\"archive\" class=\"standardButton\" href=\"publications\">\n All Items\n <\/a>\n <\/p>\n<\/div>\n\n \n \n\n \n<\/div>\n \n \n \n <div class=\"eea-tabs-panel\" id=\"multimedia-highlights\">\n\n \n \n \n \n \n \n <p class=\"filter-topic\">Filtered by<\/p>\n <ul class=\"gallery-layout-selection list-inline\">\n <li class=\"list-layout\">\n <span class=\"eea-icon eea-icon-marginless eea-icon-th-list eea-icon-lg\"><\/span>\n <\/li>\n <li class=\"album-layout active-album\">\n <span class=\"eea-icon eea-icon-marginless eea-icon-th eea-icon-lg\"><\/span>\n <\/li>\n <\/ul>\n\n \n <div class=\"gallery-ajax visualClear\">\n <div class=\" gallery-listing hiddenStructure\">\n \n\n\n \n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <!-- Navigation -->\n \n <!-- Navigation -->\n\n\n \n\n\n\n\n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage video-fancybox\" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/audiovisuals\/industrial-pollution-data-and-info\/view\" title=\"Industrial pollution data and info at your fingertips!\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/audiovisuals\/industrial-pollution-data-and-info\/image_thumb\" title=\"Industrial pollution data and info at your fingertips!\" alt=\"Industrial pollution data and info at your fingertips!\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/audiovisuals\/industrial-pollution-data-and-info\/view\" class=\"video-fancybox state-published\" title=\"Industrial pollution data and info at your fingertips!\">Industrial pollution data and info at your fingertips!<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>Video<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 15 Oct 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\">Industrial activities are part of our modern society and give us many benefits. However industrial pollution & mercury are problems which have an impact on our health and on the environment. The EU is at the forefront in taking action to address this pollution. Did you know there is key information available on industrial emissions around where you live? <\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/audiovisuals\/industrial-pollution-data-and-info\/view\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage video-fancybox\" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/audiovisuals\/water-is-life-lets-protect-it\/view\" title=\"Water is life, let's protect it!\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/audiovisuals\/water-is-life-lets-protect-it\/image_thumb\" title=\"Water is life, let's protect it!\" alt=\"Water is life, let's protect it!\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/audiovisuals\/water-is-life-lets-protect-it\/view\" class=\"video-fancybox state-published\" title=\"Water is life, let's protect it!\">Water is life, let's protect it!<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>Video<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 15 Jun 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\"><\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/audiovisuals\/water-is-life-lets-protect-it\/view\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n\n\n \n\n \n <!-- Navigation -->\n\n\n \n\n\n\n\n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n\n\n <\/div>\n \n <div class=\" gallery-album \">\n \n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/audiovisuals\/industrial-pollution-data-and-info\/view\" title=\"Industrial pollution data and info at your fingertips!\" class=\"video-fancybox cloudvideo\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\"Industrial activities are part of our modern society and give us many benefits. However industrial pollution & mercury are problems which have an impact on our health and on the environment. The EU is at the forefront in taking action to address this pollution. Did you know there is key information available on industrial emissions around where you live? \" alt=\"Industrial pollution data and info at your fingertips!\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/audiovisuals\/industrial-pollution-data-and-info\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">Industrial pollution data and info at your fingertips!<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\">Industrial activities are part of our modern society and give us many benefits. However industrial pollution & mercury are problems which have an impact on our health and on the environment. The EU is at the forefront in taking action to address this pollution. Did you know there is key information available on industrial emissions around where you live? <\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/audiovisuals\/water-is-life-lets-protect-it\/view\" title=\"Water is life, let's protect it!\" class=\"video-fancybox cloudvideo\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\"Water is life, let's protect it!\" alt=\"Water is life, let's protect it!\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/audiovisuals\/water-is-life-lets-protect-it\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">Water is life, let's protect it!<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\"><\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n <div class=\"visualClear\"><\/div>\n \n \n <\/div>\n \n <\/div>\n\n <div class=\"portletFooter\">\n <p>\n <a title=\"archive\" class=\"standardButton\" href=\"multimedia\">\n All Items\n <\/a>\n <\/p>\n<\/div>\n\n \n \n\n \n<\/div>\n \n \n \n <div class=\"eea-tabs-panel\" id=\"datamaps-highlights\">\n\n \n \n \n \n \n \n <p class=\"filter-topic\">Filtered by<\/p>\n <ul class=\"gallery-layout-selection list-inline\">\n <li class=\"list-layout\">\n <span class=\"eea-icon eea-icon-marginless eea-icon-th-list eea-icon-lg\"><\/span>\n <\/li>\n <li class=\"album-layout active-album\">\n <span class=\"eea-icon eea-icon-marginless eea-icon-th eea-icon-lg\"><\/span>\n <\/li>\n <\/ul>\n\n \n <div class=\"gallery-ajax visualClear\">\n <div class=\" gallery-listing hiddenStructure\">\n \n\n\n \n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <!-- Navigation -->\n \n <!-- Navigation -->\n\n\n \n\n\n\n\n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage \" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/daviz\/contaminants-likely-to-be-affecting-1\" title=\"Contaminants likely to be affecting soil, sludge and sediment in EEA-33 countries in 2011\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/daviz\/contaminants-likely-to-be-affecting-1\/image_thumb\" title=\"Contaminants likely to be affecting soil, sludge and sediment in EEA-33 countries in 2011\" alt=\"Contaminants likely to be affecting soil, sludge and sediment in EEA-33 countries in 2011\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/daviz\/contaminants-likely-to-be-affecting-1\" class=\" state-published\" title=\"Contaminants likely to be affecting soil, sludge and sediment in EEA-33 countries in 2011\">Contaminants likely to be affecting soil, sludge and sediment in EEA-33 countries in 2011<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>Data Visualization<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 26 Nov 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\">EEA indicator<\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/daviz\/contaminants-likely-to-be-affecting-1\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage \" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/daviz\/waste-transfers-from-industrial-facilities-4\" title=\"Waste transfers from industrial facilities excluding waste industry (EEA-33)\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/daviz\/waste-transfers-from-industrial-facilities-4\/image_thumb\" title=\"Waste transfers from industrial facilities excluding waste industry (EEA-33)\" alt=\"Waste transfers from industrial facilities excluding waste industry (EEA-33)\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/daviz\/waste-transfers-from-industrial-facilities-4\" class=\" state-published\" title=\"Waste transfers from industrial facilities excluding waste industry (EEA-33)\">Waste transfers from industrial facilities excluding waste industry (EEA-33)<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>Data Visualization<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 26 Nov 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\">EEA indicator<\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/daviz\/waste-transfers-from-industrial-facilities-4\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage \" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/data\/approximated-estimates-for-the-share-1\" title=\"Approximated estimates for the share of gross final consumption of renewable energy sources in 2017 (EEA 2017 RES share proxies)\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/data\/approximated-estimates-for-the-share-1\/image_thumb\" title=\"Approximated estimates for the share of gross final consumption of renewable energy sources in 2017 (EEA 2017 RES share proxies)\" alt=\"Approximated estimates for the share of gross final consumption of renewable energy sources in 2017 (EEA 2017 RES share proxies)\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/data\/approximated-estimates-for-the-share-1\" class=\" state-published\" title=\"Approximated estimates for the share of gross final consumption of renewable energy sources in 2017 (EEA 2017 RES share proxies)\">Approximated estimates for the share of gross final consumption of renewable energy sources in 2017 (EEA 2017 RES share proxies)<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>Data<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 22 Nov 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\">Directive 2009\/28\/EC on the promotion and use of energy from renewable sources commits the EU to achieving a 20 % share of renewable energy sources (RES) in its gross final energy consumption by 2020 and a 10 % share of renewable energy in transport energy consumption by the same year.\r\nSince early access to the most recent information on the growth of RES is relevant for all stakeholders, the EEA and its European Topic Centre for Air Pollution and Climate Change Mitigation (ETC\/ACM) produce each year a set of early estimates concerning the RES shares achieved by the countries and the EU as a whole in the previous year. The current data set concerns the EEA 2017 RES share proxies. The cut-off date for most data sources incorporated in the calculation of the approximated 2017 RES shares was 31 July 2018. <\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/data\/approximated-estimates-for-the-share-1\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage \" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/indicators\/real-change-in-transport-prices\/assessment-1\" title=\"Real change in transport prices by mode\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/indicators\/real-change-in-transport-prices\/assessment-1\/image_thumb\" title=\"Real change in transport prices by mode\" alt=\"Real change in transport prices by mode\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/indicators\/real-change-in-transport-prices\/assessment-1\" class=\" state-published\" title=\"Real change in transport prices by mode\">Real change in transport prices by mode<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>Indicator Assessment<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 22 Nov 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\"> \r\n The cost of purchasing motor cars has decreased significantly since 1996, compared with average consumer prices. In contrast, the cost of passenger services and the operation of personal transport equipment has generally increased over the same period. \r\n The volatility\u00a0of the transport market can be seen by looking at figures for 2009, when overall transport prices fell at a faster rate than average consumer prices. This was primarily because of a significant drop in the average crude oil price between 2008 and 2009, and subsequent reductions in fuel prices. \r\n Rail transport prices are less closely tied to the costs of fuel as most services operate under \u2018public service obligations\u2019 and an increasing proportion of passenger rail is electric-powered. \r\n Overall, transport prices appeared to peak in 2012, largely driven by a peak in the price of operating personal transport equipment. \r\n <\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/indicators\/real-change-in-transport-prices\/assessment-1\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage \" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/indicators\/fuel-prices-and-taxes\/assessment-2\" title=\"Transport fuel prices and taxes\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/indicators\/fuel-prices-and-taxes\/assessment-2\/image_thumb\" title=\"Transport fuel prices and taxes\" alt=\"Transport fuel prices and taxes\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/indicators\/fuel-prices-and-taxes\/assessment-2\" class=\" state-published\" title=\"Transport fuel prices and taxes\">Transport fuel prices and taxes<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>Indicator Assessment<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 22 Nov 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\"> \r\n Since 1980, the real price (including taxes) of transport fuel* has fluctuated between EUR 0.75 and EUR 1.25 per litre, with an average price of EUR 0.97. Real prices per litre peaked in July 2008, reaching EUR 1.24, but then fell by around one third later that year, largely due to a significant drop in the price of crude oil. Another peak occurred in August 2012, when fuel prices reached EUR 1.25. Since then fuel prices have fallen again, reaching a low of EUR 0.84 in February 2016. The first months of 2018 show a decreasing trend. The average real price in April 2018 was EUR 0.99 per litre. The price of fuel is an important determinant of the demand for transport and the efficiency with which fuel is used. However, despite a slight increase in real prices over the last two decades, transport demand has increased even more. \r\n The price of transport fuel without taxes follows a similar trend; since 1980, it has fluctuated between EUR 0.18 and EUR 0.65 per litre, with an average price of EUR 0.38. Real prices per litre peaked in June 2008, but then fell by around one third later that year, largely because of a significant drop in the price of crude oil. Another peak occurred in September 2012, when fuel prices reached EUR 0.63. Since then, fuel prices have fallen again, reaching a low of EUR 0.28 in February 2016. The first months of 2018 show a decreasing trend. The average real price in April 2018 was EUR 0.41 per litre. \r\n <\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/indicators\/fuel-prices-and-taxes\/assessment-2\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage \" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/annual-mean-pm2-5-concentration-8\" title=\"Annual mean PM2.5 concentrations observed at background stations, 2016\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/annual-mean-pm2-5-concentration-8\/image_thumb\" title=\"Annual mean PM2.5 concentrations observed at background stations, 2016\" alt=\"Annual mean PM2.5 concentrations observed at background stations, 2016\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/annual-mean-pm2-5-concentration-8\" class=\" state-published\" title=\"Annual mean PM2.5 concentrations observed at background stations, 2016\">Annual mean PM2.5 concentrations observed at background stations, 2016<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>Figure<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 22 Nov 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\">The figure shows the annual mean concentrations of particulate matter (PM2.5) observed at background stations in 2016. <\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/annual-mean-pm2-5-concentration-8\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage \" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/90-4-percentile-of-pm10-5\" title=\"90.4 percentile of daily mean PM10 concentrations observed at background stations, 2016\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/90-4-percentile-of-pm10-5\/image_thumb\" title=\"90.4 percentile of daily mean PM10 concentrations observed at background stations, 2016\" alt=\"90.4 percentile of daily mean PM10 concentrations observed at background stations, 2016\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/90-4-percentile-of-pm10-5\" class=\" state-published\" title=\"90.4 percentile of daily mean PM10 concentrations observed at background stations, 2016\">90.4 percentile of daily mean PM10 concentrations observed at background stations, 2016<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>Figure<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 22 Nov 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\">The map shows the 90.4 percentile of daily mean PM10 concentrations at background stations. This represents the 36th highest value in a complete series. It is related to the PM10 daily limit value, which allows 35 exceedances of the 50 \u03bcg\/m3 threshold over a 1-year period. Dots in the last two colour categories indicate stations with exceedances of this daily limit value. Only stations for which more than 75 % of data are valid have been included in the map.\r\n<\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/90-4-percentile-of-pm10-5\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage \" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/data\/approximated-estimates-for-greenhouse-gas-emissions\" title=\"Approximated estimates for greenhouse gas emissions \">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/data\/approximated-estimates-for-greenhouse-gas-emissions\/image_thumb\" title=\"Approximated estimates for greenhouse gas emissions \" alt=\"Approximated estimates for greenhouse gas emissions \" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/data\/approximated-estimates-for-greenhouse-gas-emissions\" class=\" state-published\" title=\"Approximated estimates for greenhouse gas emissions \">Approximated estimates for greenhouse gas emissions <\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>Data<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 21 Nov 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\">The Monitoring Mechanism Regulation ((EU) No 525\/2013) requires Member States to annually report approximated greenhouse gas inventories by 31 July. A Union approximated greenhouse gas inventory is annually compiled on the basis of the Member States\u2019 approximated greenhouse gas inventories or, if a Member State has not communicated its approximated inventories by that date, on the basis of own estimates.<\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/data\/approximated-estimates-for-greenhouse-gas-emissions\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage \" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/explore-interactive-maps\/water-exploitation-index-for-river-2\" title=\"Water exploitation index plus (WEI+) for river basin districts (1990-2015)\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/explore-interactive-maps\/water-exploitation-index-for-river-2\/image_thumb\" title=\"Water exploitation index plus (WEI+) for river basin districts (1990-2015)\" alt=\"Water exploitation index plus (WEI+) for river basin districts (1990-2015)\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/explore-interactive-maps\/water-exploitation-index-for-river-2\" class=\" state-published\" title=\"Water exploitation index plus (WEI+) for river basin districts (1990-2015)\">Water exploitation index plus (WEI+) for river basin districts (1990-2015)<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>GIS Map Application<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 10 Oct 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\">This interactive map gives a European overview of water stress conditions. The information presented may deviate from that available in the EEA member countries and cooperating countries, particularly for those countries where data availability is insufficient in the WISE SoE \u2013 Water quantity database (WISE 3). \r\n\r\nData on hydro-climatic variables was aggregated from a daily to a monthly scale. Water abstraction data was taken from WISE 3 (annual resolution at the national scale), although there are large gaps in the time series. Therefore, intensive gap filling was performed on water abstraction data and proxies were used to disaggregate the data from the national to the sub-basin scale. \r\n\r\nInformation on water use was mainly modelled on the UWWTP capacities, the E-PRTR database and the Eurostat Population change dataset (online data code [demo_gind]) among others. See the methodology chapter for further explanation of gap filling, and spatial and temporal disaggregation, and the data uncertainties chapter for current data availability. \r\n\r\nThis interactive map allows users to explore changes over time in water abstraction by source, water use by sector and water stress level at sub-basin or river basin scale. The WEI+ has been estimated as the quarterly average per river basin district, for the years 1990-2015, as defined in the European catchments and rivers network system (ECRINS). The ECRINS delineation of river basin districts differs slightly from that defined by Member States under the Water Framework Directive. The Ecrins delineation is used instead of WFD because it contains geo-spatial information on Europe\u2019s hydrographical systems with full topological information enabling flow estimation between upstream and downstream basins, as well as integration of economic data collected at NUTS or country level. \r\n\r\nIn addition to using e WISE SoE \u2013 Water quantity database, a comprehensive manual data collection was performed by accessing all open sources (Eurostat, OECD, FAO) including national statistical offices of the countries. This was done because of the temporal and spatial gaps in the data on water abstraction. Moreover, a large part of the stream flow data from LISFLOOD has also been substantially updated by the Directorate-General Joint Research Centre. Similarly, a comprehensive update with climatic parameters has been performed by the EEA based on the E-OBS dataset. Therefore, the time series of the WEI+ presented in the current version might be slightly different for some basins compared with the previous version.<\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/explore-interactive-maps\/water-exploitation-index-for-river-2\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage \" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/infographics\/trend-in-eu-mercury-emissions\/view\" title=\"Trend in EU mercury emissions to air 1990 2016\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/infographics\/trend-in-eu-mercury-emissions\/image_thumb\" title=\"Trend in EU mercury emissions to air 1990 2016\" alt=\"Trend in EU mercury emissions to air 1990 2016\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/infographics\/trend-in-eu-mercury-emissions\/view\" class=\" state-published\" title=\"Trend in EU mercury emissions to air 1990 2016\">Trend in EU mercury emissions to air 1990 2016<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>Infographic<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 28 Sep 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\"><\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/infographics\/trend-in-eu-mercury-emissions\/view\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage \" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/infographics\/examples-of-individual-actions-to\/view\" title=\"Examples of individual actions to minimise exposure to and release of mercury\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/infographics\/examples-of-individual-actions-to\/image_thumb\" title=\"Examples of individual actions to minimise exposure to and release of mercury\" alt=\"Examples of individual actions to minimise exposure to and release of mercury\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/infographics\/examples-of-individual-actions-to\/view\" class=\" state-published\" title=\"Examples of individual actions to minimise exposure to and release of mercury\">Examples of individual actions to minimise exposure to and release of mercury<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>Infographic<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 28 Sep 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\"><\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/infographics\/examples-of-individual-actions-to\/view\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage \" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/explore-interactive-maps\/up-to-date-air-quality-data\" title=\"Up-to-date air quality data\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/explore-interactive-maps\/up-to-date-air-quality-data\/image_thumb\" title=\"Up-to-date air quality data\" alt=\"Up-to-date air quality data\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/explore-interactive-maps\/up-to-date-air-quality-data\" class=\" state-published\" title=\"Up-to-date air quality data\">Up-to-date air quality data<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>GIS Map Application<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 01 Aug 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\">Latest measurements from Europe's air quality monitoring network <\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/explore-interactive-maps\/up-to-date-air-quality-data\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage \" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/eu-member-state-progress-in-1\" title=\"EU Member State progress in meeting 2010 NEC Directive emission ceilings and 2020\/2030 reduction commitments\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/eu-member-state-progress-in-1\/image_thumb\" title=\"EU Member State progress in meeting 2010 NEC Directive emission ceilings and 2020\/2030 reduction commitments\" alt=\"EU Member State progress in meeting 2010 NEC Directive emission ceilings and 2020\/2030 reduction commitments\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/eu-member-state-progress-in-1\" class=\" state-published\" title=\"EU Member State progress in meeting 2010 NEC Directive emission ceilings and 2020\/2030 reduction commitments\">EU Member State progress in meeting 2010 NEC Directive emission ceilings and 2020\/2030 reduction commitments<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>Figure<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 14 Jun 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\">'Black check mark' indicates that the emission ceiling or reduction commitment has been, or is anticipated to be, attained. The NEC Directive does not include a 2010 ceiling for PM2.5.\r\n\u2018Red cross\u2019 indicates that the ceiling or reduction commitment has not been, or is not anticipated to be, attained.\r\n<\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/eu-member-state-progress-in-1\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage \" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/distribution-of-marine-litter-by\" title=\"Distribution of marine litter by material type\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/distribution-of-marine-litter-by\/image_thumb\" title=\"Distribution of marine litter by material type\" alt=\"Distribution of marine litter by material type\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/distribution-of-marine-litter-by\" class=\" state-published\" title=\"Distribution of marine litter by material type\">Distribution of marine litter by material type<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>Figure<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 07 Jun 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\">The illustration shows the distribution of marine litter reported by the public and where they were found<\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/distribution-of-marine-litter-by\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n\n\n \n\n \n <!-- Navigation -->\n\n\n \n\n\n\n\n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n\n\n <\/div>\n \n <div class=\" gallery-album \">\n \n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry photoAlbumFolder\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/daviz\/contaminants-likely-to-be-affecting-1\" title=\"Contaminants likely to be affecting soil, sludge and sediment in EEA-33 countries in 2011\" class=\"\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\"EEA indicator\" alt=\"Contaminants likely to be affecting soil, sludge and sediment in EEA-33 countries in 2011\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/daviz\/contaminants-likely-to-be-affecting-1\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">Contaminants likely to be affecting soil, sludge and sediment in EEA-33 countries in 2011<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\">EEA indicator<\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry photoAlbumFolder\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/daviz\/waste-transfers-from-industrial-facilities-4\" title=\"Waste transfers from industrial facilities excluding waste industry (EEA-33)\" class=\"\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\"EEA indicator\" alt=\"Waste transfers from industrial facilities excluding waste industry (EEA-33)\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/daviz\/waste-transfers-from-industrial-facilities-4\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">Waste transfers from industrial facilities excluding waste industry (EEA-33)<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\">EEA indicator<\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry photoAlbumFolder\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/data\/approximated-estimates-for-the-share-1\" title=\"Approximated estimates for the share of gross final consumption of renewable energy sources in 2017 (EEA 2017 RES share proxies)\" class=\"\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\"Directive 2009\/28\/EC on the promotion and use of energy from renewable sources commits the EU to achieving a 20 % share of renewable energy sources (RES) in its gross final energy consumption by 2020 and a 10 % share of renewable energy in transport energy consumption by the same year.\r\nSince early access to the most recent information on the growth of RES is relevant for all stakeholders, the EEA and its European Topic Centre for Air Pollution and Climate Change Mitigation (ETC\/ACM) produce each year a set of early estimates concerning the RES shares achieved by the countries and the EU as a whole in the previous year. The current data set concerns the EEA 2017 RES share proxies. The cut-off date for most data sources incorporated in the calculation of the approximated 2017 RES shares was 31 July 2018. (EEA standard re-use policy: unless otherwise indicated, re-use of content on the EEA website for commercial or non-commercial purposes is permitted free of charge, provided that the source is acknowledged (https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/legal\/copyright). Copyright holder: European Environment Agency (EEA).)\" alt=\"Approximated estimates for the share of gross final consumption of renewable energy sources in 2017 (EEA 2017 RES share proxies)\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/data\/approximated-estimates-for-the-share-1\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">Approximated estimates for the share of gross final consumption of renewable energy sources in 2017 (EEA 2017 RES share proxies)<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\">Directive 2009\/28\/EC on the promotion and use of energy from renewable sources commits the EU to achieving a 20 % share of renewable energy sources (RES) in its gross final energy consumption by 2020 and a 10 % share of renewable energy in transport energy consumption by the same year.\r\nSince early access to the most recent information on the growth of RES is relevant for all stakeholders, the EEA and its European Topic Centre for Air Pollution and Climate Change Mitigation (ETC\/ACM) produce each year a set of early estimates concerning the RES shares achieved by the countries and the EU as a whole in the previous year. The current data set concerns the EEA 2017 RES share proxies. The cut-off date for most data sources incorporated in the calculation of the approximated 2017 RES shares was 31 July 2018. <\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry photoAlbumFolder\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/indicators\/real-change-in-transport-prices\/assessment-1\" title=\"Real change in transport prices by mode\" class=\"\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\" \r\n The cost of purchasing motor cars has decreased significantly since 1996, compared with average consumer prices. In contrast, the cost of passenger services and the operation of personal transport equipment has generally increased over the same period. \r\n The volatility\u00a0of the transport market can be seen by looking at figures for 2009, when overall transport prices fell at a faster rate than average consumer prices. This was primarily because of a significant drop in the average crude oil price between 2008 and 2009, and subsequent reductions in fuel prices. \r\n Rail transport prices are less closely tied to the costs of fuel as most services operate under \u2018public service obligations\u2019 and an increasing proportion of passenger rail is electric-powered. \r\n Overall, transport prices appeared to peak in 2012, largely driven by a peak in the price of operating personal transport equipment. \r\n \" alt=\"Real change in transport prices by mode\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/indicators\/real-change-in-transport-prices\/assessment-1\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">Real change in transport prices by mode<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\"> \r\n The cost of purchasing motor cars has decreased significantly since 1996, compared with average consumer prices. In contrast, the cost of passenger services and the operation of personal transport equipment has generally increased over the same period. \r\n The volatility\u00a0of the transport market can be seen by looking at figures for 2009, when overall transport prices fell at a faster rate than average consumer prices. This was primarily because of a significant drop in the average crude oil price between 2008 and 2009, and subsequent reductions in fuel prices. \r\n Rail transport prices are less closely tied to the costs of fuel as most services operate under \u2018public service obligations\u2019 and an increasing proportion of passenger rail is electric-powered. \r\n Overall, transport prices appeared to peak in 2012, largely driven by a peak in the price of operating personal transport equipment. \r\n <\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry photoAlbumFolder\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/indicators\/fuel-prices-and-taxes\/assessment-2\" title=\"Transport fuel prices and taxes\" class=\"\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\" \r\n Since 1980, the real price (including taxes) of transport fuel* has fluctuated between EUR 0.75 and EUR 1.25 per litre, with an average price of EUR 0.97. Real prices per litre peaked in July 2008, reaching EUR 1.24, but then fell by around one third later that year, largely due to a significant drop in the price of crude oil. Another peak occurred in August 2012, when fuel prices reached EUR 1.25. Since then fuel prices have fallen again, reaching a low of EUR 0.84 in February 2016. The first months of 2018 show a decreasing trend. The average real price in April 2018 was EUR 0.99 per litre. The price of fuel is an important determinant of the demand for transport and the efficiency with which fuel is used. However, despite a slight increase in real prices over the last two decades, transport demand has increased even more. \r\n The price of transport fuel without taxes follows a similar trend; since 1980, it has fluctuated between EUR 0.18 and EUR 0.65 per litre, with an average price of EUR 0.38. Real prices per litre peaked in June 2008, but then fell by around one third later that year, largely because of a significant drop in the price of crude oil. Another peak occurred in September 2012, when fuel prices reached EUR 0.63. Since then, fuel prices have fallen again, reaching a low of EUR 0.28 in February 2016. The first months of 2018 show a decreasing trend. The average real price in April 2018 was EUR 0.41 per litre. \r\n \" alt=\"Transport fuel prices and taxes\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/indicators\/fuel-prices-and-taxes\/assessment-2\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">Transport fuel prices and taxes<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\"> \r\n Since 1980, the real price (including taxes) of transport fuel* has fluctuated between EUR 0.75 and EUR 1.25 per litre, with an average price of EUR 0.97. Real prices per litre peaked in July 2008, reaching EUR 1.24, but then fell by around one third later that year, largely due to a significant drop in the price of crude oil. Another peak occurred in August 2012, when fuel prices reached EUR 1.25. Since then fuel prices have fallen again, reaching a low of EUR 0.84 in February 2016. The first months of 2018 show a decreasing trend. The average real price in April 2018 was EUR 0.99 per litre. The price of fuel is an important determinant of the demand for transport and the efficiency with which fuel is used. However, despite a slight increase in real prices over the last two decades, transport demand has increased even more. \r\n The price of transport fuel without taxes follows a similar trend; since 1980, it has fluctuated between EUR 0.18 and EUR 0.65 per litre, with an average price of EUR 0.38. Real prices per litre peaked in June 2008, but then fell by around one third later that year, largely because of a significant drop in the price of crude oil. Another peak occurred in September 2012, when fuel prices reached EUR 0.63. Since then, fuel prices have fallen again, reaching a low of EUR 0.28 in February 2016. The first months of 2018 show a decreasing trend. The average real price in April 2018 was EUR 0.41 per litre. \r\n <\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry photoAlbumFolder\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/annual-mean-pm2-5-concentration-8\" title=\"Annual mean PM2.5 concentrations observed at background stations, 2016\" class=\"\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\"The figure shows the annual mean concentrations of particulate matter (PM2.5) observed at background stations in 2016. (EEA standard re-use policy: unless otherwise indicated, re-use of content on the EEA website for commercial or non-commercial purposes is permitted free of charge, provided that the source is acknowledged (https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/legal\/copyright). Copyright holder: European Environment Agency (EEA).)\" alt=\"Annual mean PM2.5 concentrations observed at background stations, 2016\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/annual-mean-pm2-5-concentration-8\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">Annual mean PM2.5 concentrations observed at background stations, 2016<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\">The figure shows the annual mean concentrations of particulate matter (PM2.5) observed at background stations in 2016. <\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry photoAlbumFolder\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/90-4-percentile-of-pm10-5\" title=\"90.4 percentile of daily mean PM10 concentrations observed at background stations, 2016\" class=\"\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\"The map shows the 90.4 percentile of daily mean PM10 concentrations at background stations. This represents the 36th highest value in a complete series. It is related to the PM10 daily limit value, which allows 35 exceedances of the 50 \u03bcg\/m3 threshold over a 1-year period. Dots in the last two colour categories indicate stations with exceedances of this daily limit value. Only stations for which more than 75 % of data are valid have been included in the map.\r\n (EEA standard re-use policy: unless otherwise indicated, re-use of content on the EEA website for commercial or non-commercial purposes is permitted free of charge, provided that the source is acknowledged (https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/legal\/copyright). Copyright holder: European Environment Agency (EEA).)\" alt=\"90.4 percentile of daily mean PM10 concentrations observed at background stations, 2016\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/90-4-percentile-of-pm10-5\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">90.4 percentile of daily mean PM10 concentrations observed at background stations, 2016<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\">The map shows the 90.4 percentile of daily mean PM10 concentrations at background stations. This represents the 36th highest value in a complete series. It is related to the PM10 daily limit value, which allows 35 exceedances of the 50 \u03bcg\/m3 threshold over a 1-year period. Dots in the last two colour categories indicate stations with exceedances of this daily limit value. Only stations for which more than 75 % of data are valid have been included in the map.\r\n<\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry photoAlbumFolder\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/data\/approximated-estimates-for-greenhouse-gas-emissions\" title=\"Approximated estimates for greenhouse gas emissions \" class=\"\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\"The Monitoring Mechanism Regulation ((EU) No 525\/2013) requires Member States to annually report approximated greenhouse gas inventories by 31 July. A Union approximated greenhouse gas inventory is annually compiled on the basis of the Member States\u2019 approximated greenhouse gas inventories or, if a Member State has not communicated its approximated inventories by that date, on the basis of own estimates. (EEA standard re-use policy: unless otherwise indicated, re-use of content on the EEA website for commercial or non-commercial purposes is permitted free of charge, provided that the source is acknowledged (http:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/legal\/copyright). Copyright holder: Directorate-General for Environment (DG ENV).)\" alt=\"Approximated estimates for greenhouse gas emissions \" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/data\/approximated-estimates-for-greenhouse-gas-emissions\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">Approximated estimates for greenhouse gas emissions <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\">The Monitoring Mechanism Regulation ((EU) No 525\/2013) requires Member States to annually report approximated greenhouse gas inventories by 31 July. A Union approximated greenhouse gas inventory is annually compiled on the basis of the Member States\u2019 approximated greenhouse gas inventories or, if a Member State has not communicated its approximated inventories by that date, on the basis of own estimates.<\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/explore-interactive-maps\/water-exploitation-index-for-river-2\" title=\"Water exploitation index plus (WEI+) for river basin districts (1990-2015)\" class=\"\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\"This interactive map gives a European overview of water stress conditions. The information presented may deviate from that available in the EEA member countries and cooperating countries, particularly for those countries where data availability is insufficient in the WISE SoE \u2013 Water quantity database (WISE 3). \r\n\r\nData on hydro-climatic variables was aggregated from a daily to a monthly scale. Water abstraction data was taken from WISE 3 (annual resolution at the national scale), although there are large gaps in the time series. Therefore, intensive gap filling was performed on water abstraction data and proxies were used to disaggregate the data from the national to the sub-basin scale. \r\n\r\nInformation on water use was mainly modelled on the UWWTP capacities, the E-PRTR database and the Eurostat Population change dataset (online data code [demo_gind]) among others. See the methodology chapter for further explanation of gap filling, and spatial and temporal disaggregation, and the data uncertainties chapter for current data availability. \r\n\r\nThis interactive map allows users to explore changes over time in water abstraction by source, water use by sector and water stress level at sub-basin or river basin scale. The WEI+ has been estimated as the quarterly average per river basin district, for the years 1990-2015, as defined in the European catchments and rivers network system (ECRINS). The ECRINS delineation of river basin districts differs slightly from that defined by Member States under the Water Framework Directive. The Ecrins delineation is used instead of WFD because it contains geo-spatial information on Europe\u2019s hydrographical systems with full topological information enabling flow estimation between upstream and downstream basins, as well as integration of economic data collected at NUTS or country level. \r\n\r\nIn addition to using e WISE SoE \u2013 Water quantity database, a comprehensive manual data collection was performed by accessing all open sources (Eurostat, OECD, FAO) including national statistical offices of the countries. This was done because of the temporal and spatial gaps in the data on water abstraction. Moreover, a large part of the stream flow data from LISFLOOD has also been substantially updated by the Directorate-General Joint Research Centre. Similarly, a comprehensive update with climatic parameters has been performed by the EEA based on the E-OBS dataset. Therefore, the time series of the WEI+ presented in the current version might be slightly different for some basins compared with the previous version.\" alt=\"Water exploitation index plus (WEI+) for river basin districts (1990-2015)\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/explore-interactive-maps\/water-exploitation-index-for-river-2\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">Water exploitation index plus (WEI+) for river basin districts (1990-2015)<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\">This interactive map gives a European overview of water stress conditions. The information presented may deviate from that available in the EEA member countries and cooperating countries, particularly for those countries where data availability is insufficient in the WISE SoE \u2013 Water quantity database (WISE 3). \r\n\r\nData on hydro-climatic variables was aggregated from a daily to a monthly scale. Water abstraction data was taken from WISE 3 (annual resolution at the national scale), although there are large gaps in the time series. Therefore, intensive gap filling was performed on water abstraction data and proxies were used to disaggregate the data from the national to the sub-basin scale. \r\n\r\nInformation on water use was mainly modelled on the UWWTP capacities, the E-PRTR database and the Eurostat Population change dataset (online data code [demo_gind]) among others. See the methodology chapter for further explanation of gap filling, and spatial and temporal disaggregation, and the data uncertainties chapter for current data availability. \r\n\r\nThis interactive map allows users to explore changes over time in water abstraction by source, water use by sector and water stress level at sub-basin or river basin scale. The WEI+ has been estimated as the quarterly average per river basin district, for the years 1990-2015, as defined in the European catchments and rivers network system (ECRINS). The ECRINS delineation of river basin districts differs slightly from that defined by Member States under the Water Framework Directive. The Ecrins delineation is used instead of WFD because it contains geo-spatial information on Europe\u2019s hydrographical systems with full topological information enabling flow estimation between upstream and downstream basins, as well as integration of economic data collected at NUTS or country level. \r\n\r\nIn addition to using e WISE SoE \u2013 Water quantity database, a comprehensive manual data collection was performed by accessing all open sources (Eurostat, OECD, FAO) including national statistical offices of the countries. This was done because of the temporal and spatial gaps in the data on water abstraction. Moreover, a large part of the stream flow data from LISFLOOD has also been substantially updated by the Directorate-General Joint Research Centre. Similarly, a comprehensive update with climatic parameters has been performed by the EEA based on the E-OBS dataset. Therefore, the time series of the WEI+ presented in the current version might be slightly different for some basins compared with the previous version.<\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/infographics\/trend-in-eu-mercury-emissions\/view\" title=\"Trend in EU mercury emissions to air 1990 2016\" class=\"\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\"Trend in EU mercury emissions to air 1990 2016\" alt=\"Trend in EU mercury emissions to air 1990 2016\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/infographics\/trend-in-eu-mercury-emissions\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">Trend in EU mercury emissions to air 1990 2016<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\"><\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/infographics\/examples-of-individual-actions-to\/view\" title=\"Examples of individual actions to minimise exposure to and release of mercury\" class=\"\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\"Examples of individual actions to minimise exposure to and release of mercury\" alt=\"Examples of individual actions to minimise exposure to and release of mercury\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/infographics\/examples-of-individual-actions-to\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">Examples of individual actions to minimise exposure to and release of mercury<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\"><\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/explore-interactive-maps\/up-to-date-air-quality-data\" title=\"Up-to-date air quality data\" class=\"\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\"Latest measurements from Europe's air quality monitoring network \" alt=\"Up-to-date air quality data\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/explore-interactive-maps\/up-to-date-air-quality-data\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">Up-to-date air quality data<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\">Latest measurements from Europe's air quality monitoring network <\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry photoAlbumFolder\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/eu-member-state-progress-in-1\" title=\"EU Member State progress in meeting 2010 NEC Directive emission ceilings and 2020\/2030 reduction commitments\" class=\"\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\"'Black check mark' indicates that the emission ceiling or reduction commitment has been, or is anticipated to be, attained. The NEC Directive does not include a 2010 ceiling for PM2.5.\r\n\u2018Red cross\u2019 indicates that the ceiling or reduction commitment has not been, or is not anticipated to be, attained.\r\n (EEA standard re-use policy: unless otherwise indicated, re-use of content on the EEA website for commercial or non-commercial purposes is permitted free of charge, provided that the source is acknowledged (https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/legal\/copyright). Copyright holder: European Environment Agency (EEA).)\" alt=\"EU Member State progress in meeting 2010 NEC Directive emission ceilings and 2020\/2030 reduction commitments\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/eu-member-state-progress-in-1\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">EU Member State progress in meeting 2010 NEC Directive emission ceilings and 2020\/2030 reduction commitments<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\">'Black check mark' indicates that the emission ceiling or reduction commitment has been, or is anticipated to be, attained. The NEC Directive does not include a 2010 ceiling for PM2.5.\r\n\u2018Red cross\u2019 indicates that the ceiling or reduction commitment has not been, or is not anticipated to be, attained.\r\n<\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry photoAlbumFolder\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/distribution-of-marine-litter-by\" title=\"Distribution of marine litter by material type\" class=\"\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\"The illustration shows the distribution of marine litter reported by the public and where they were found (EEA standard re-use policy: unless otherwise indicated, re-use of content on the EEA website for commercial or non-commercial purposes is permitted free of charge, provided that the source is acknowledged (https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/legal\/copyright). Copyright holder: European Environment Agency (EEA).)\" alt=\"Distribution of marine litter by material type\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/distribution-of-marine-litter-by\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">Distribution of marine litter by material type<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\">The illustration shows the distribution of marine litter reported by the public and where they were found<\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n <div class=\"visualClear\"><\/div>\n \n \n <\/div>\n \n <\/div>\n\n <div class=\"portletFooter\">\n <p>\n <a title=\"archive\" class=\"standardButton\" href=\"data-and-maps\">\n All Items\n <\/a>\n <\/p>\n<\/div>\n\n \n \n\n \n<\/div>\n \n \n \n <div class=\"eea-tabs-panel\" id=\"allproducts-highlights\">\n\n \n \n \n \n \n \n <p class=\"filter-topic\">Filtered by<\/p>\n <ul class=\"gallery-layout-selection list-inline\">\n <li class=\"list-layout\">\n <span class=\"eea-icon eea-icon-marginless eea-icon-th-list eea-icon-lg\"><\/span>\n <\/li>\n <li class=\"album-layout active-album\">\n <span class=\"eea-icon eea-icon-marginless eea-icon-th eea-icon-lg\"><\/span>\n <\/li>\n <\/ul>\n\n \n <div class=\"gallery-ajax visualClear\">\n <div class=\" gallery-listing hiddenStructure\">\n \n\n\n \n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <!-- Navigation -->\n \n <!-- Navigation -->\n\n\n \n\n\n\n\n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage \" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/publications\/forest-dynamics-in-europe-and\" title=\"Forest dynamics in Europe and their ecological consequences\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/publications\/forest-dynamics-in-europe-and\/image_thumb\" title=\"Forest dynamics in Europe and their ecological consequences\" alt=\"Forest dynamics in Europe and their ecological consequences\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/publications\/forest-dynamics-in-europe-and\" class=\" state-published\" title=\"Forest dynamics in Europe and their ecological consequences\">Forest dynamics in Europe and their ecological consequences<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>Publication<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 27 Nov 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\">Forests used to constitute the dominant natural vegetation in most of Europe, covering up to 80 % of the land surface. However, the current extent and condition of forest ecosystems are the result of the process of human appropriation (domestication), which started more than 5000 years ago. By the end of the 17th century, more than half of Europe\u2019s original forest had disappeared and covered just a few percent of the total land area in countries such as Denmark or Ireland. In response to forest depletion, stricter forest management practices emerged to replant, protect and maintain forest cover and the multi-functionality of forests in terms of wood production and protection against, for example, soil and wind erosion. <\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/publications\/forest-dynamics-in-europe-and\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage \" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/highlights\/better-information-needed-on-europes-forests\" title=\"Better information needed on Europe's forests\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/highlights\/better-information-needed-on-europes-forests\/image_thumb\" title=\"Better information needed on Europe's forests\" alt=\"Better information needed on Europe's forests\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/highlights\/better-information-needed-on-europes-forests\" class=\" state-published\" title=\"Better information needed on Europe's forests\">Better information needed on Europe's forests<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>News<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 27 Nov 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\">There is a growing demand for forest products and ecosystem services but information on the changes in Europe's forests is currently limited. According to an EEA briefing, published today, high-resolution satellite images will improve knowledge about changes in structure, function and condition of forest ecosystems and the impacts of different forest management practices across Europe.<\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/highlights\/better-information-needed-on-europes-forests\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage \" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/daviz\/contaminants-likely-to-be-affecting-1\" title=\"Contaminants likely to be affecting soil, sludge and sediment in EEA-33 countries in 2011\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/daviz\/contaminants-likely-to-be-affecting-1\/image_thumb\" title=\"Contaminants likely to be affecting soil, sludge and sediment in EEA-33 countries in 2011\" alt=\"Contaminants likely to be affecting soil, sludge and sediment in EEA-33 countries in 2011\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/daviz\/contaminants-likely-to-be-affecting-1\" class=\" state-published\" title=\"Contaminants likely to be affecting soil, sludge and sediment in EEA-33 countries in 2011\">Contaminants likely to be affecting soil, sludge and sediment in EEA-33 countries in 2011<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>Data Visualization<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 26 Nov 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\">EEA indicator<\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/daviz\/contaminants-likely-to-be-affecting-1\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage \" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/daviz\/waste-transfers-from-industrial-facilities-4\" title=\"Waste transfers from industrial facilities excluding waste industry (EEA-33)\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/daviz\/waste-transfers-from-industrial-facilities-4\/image_thumb\" title=\"Waste transfers from industrial facilities excluding waste industry (EEA-33)\" alt=\"Waste transfers from industrial facilities excluding waste industry (EEA-33)\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/daviz\/waste-transfers-from-industrial-facilities-4\" class=\" state-published\" title=\"Waste transfers from industrial facilities excluding waste industry (EEA-33)\">Waste transfers from industrial facilities excluding waste industry (EEA-33)<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>Data Visualization<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 26 Nov 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\">EEA indicator<\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/daviz\/waste-transfers-from-industrial-facilities-4\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage \" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/publications\/trends-and-projections-in-europe-2018-climate-and-energy\" title=\"Trends and projections in Europe 2018 - Tracking progress towards Europe's climate and energy targets\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/publications\/trends-and-projections-in-europe-2018-climate-and-energy\/image_thumb\" title=\"Trends and projections in Europe 2018 - Tracking progress towards Europe's climate and energy targets\" alt=\"Trends and projections in Europe 2018 - Tracking progress towards Europe's climate and energy targets\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/publications\/trends-and-projections-in-europe-2018-climate-and-energy\" class=\" state-published\" title=\"Trends and projections in Europe 2018 - Tracking progress towards Europe's climate and energy targets\">Trends and projections in Europe 2018 - Tracking progress towards Europe's climate and energy targets<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>Publication<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 26 Nov 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\">This report is part of the \u2018Trends and Projections in Europe: 2018: Tracking progress towards Europe\u2019s climate and energy targets,\u2019 package. It is based on the most recent reported and approximated data from EU Member States on greenhouse gas emissions, renewable energy uptake and energy consumption.<\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/publications\/trends-and-projections-in-europe-2018-climate-and-energy\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage \" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/highlights\/rising-energy-consumption-slows-eu\" title=\"Rising energy consumption slows EU progress on renewables and energy efficiency targets\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/highlights\/rising-energy-consumption-slows-eu\/image_thumb\" title=\"Rising energy consumption slows EU progress on renewables and energy efficiency targets\" alt=\"Rising energy consumption slows EU progress on renewables and energy efficiency targets\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/highlights\/rising-energy-consumption-slows-eu\" class=\" state-published\" title=\"Rising energy consumption slows EU progress on renewables and energy efficiency targets\">Rising energy consumption slows EU progress on renewables and energy efficiency targets<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>News<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 26 Nov 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\">Progress on increasing the use of renewable energy and improving energy efficiency is slowing across the European Union, putting at risk the EU\u2019s ability to achieve its energy and emissions reduction targets. Rising energy consumption, particularly in the transport sector, is to blame for the slowdown, according to preliminary data released today in the European Environment Agency\u2019s (EEA) annual analysis on the EU\u2019s progress towards its targets on renewables and energy efficiency. \r\n<\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/highlights\/rising-energy-consumption-slows-eu\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage \" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/data\/approximated-estimates-for-the-share-1\" title=\"Approximated estimates for the share of gross final consumption of renewable energy sources in 2017 (EEA 2017 RES share proxies)\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/data\/approximated-estimates-for-the-share-1\/image_thumb\" title=\"Approximated estimates for the share of gross final consumption of renewable energy sources in 2017 (EEA 2017 RES share proxies)\" alt=\"Approximated estimates for the share of gross final consumption of renewable energy sources in 2017 (EEA 2017 RES share proxies)\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/data\/approximated-estimates-for-the-share-1\" class=\" state-published\" title=\"Approximated estimates for the share of gross final consumption of renewable energy sources in 2017 (EEA 2017 RES share proxies)\">Approximated estimates for the share of gross final consumption of renewable energy sources in 2017 (EEA 2017 RES share proxies)<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>Data<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 22 Nov 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\">Directive 2009\/28\/EC on the promotion and use of energy from renewable sources commits the EU to achieving a 20 % share of renewable energy sources (RES) in its gross final energy consumption by 2020 and a 10 % share of renewable energy in transport energy consumption by the same year.\r\nSince early access to the most recent information on the growth of RES is relevant for all stakeholders, the EEA and its European Topic Centre for Air Pollution and Climate Change Mitigation (ETC\/ACM) produce each year a set of early estimates concerning the RES shares achieved by the countries and the EU as a whole in the previous year. The current data set concerns the EEA 2017 RES share proxies. The cut-off date for most data sources incorporated in the calculation of the approximated 2017 RES shares was 31 July 2018. <\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/data\/approximated-estimates-for-the-share-1\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage \" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/indicators\/real-change-in-transport-prices\/assessment-1\" title=\"Real change in transport prices by mode\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/indicators\/real-change-in-transport-prices\/assessment-1\/image_thumb\" title=\"Real change in transport prices by mode\" alt=\"Real change in transport prices by mode\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/indicators\/real-change-in-transport-prices\/assessment-1\" class=\" state-published\" title=\"Real change in transport prices by mode\">Real change in transport prices by mode<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>Indicator Assessment<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 22 Nov 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\"> \r\n The cost of purchasing motor cars has decreased significantly since 1996, compared with average consumer prices. In contrast, the cost of passenger services and the operation of personal transport equipment has generally increased over the same period. \r\n The volatility\u00a0of the transport market can be seen by looking at figures for 2009, when overall transport prices fell at a faster rate than average consumer prices. This was primarily because of a significant drop in the average crude oil price between 2008 and 2009, and subsequent reductions in fuel prices. \r\n Rail transport prices are less closely tied to the costs of fuel as most services operate under \u2018public service obligations\u2019 and an increasing proportion of passenger rail is electric-powered. \r\n Overall, transport prices appeared to peak in 2012, largely driven by a peak in the price of operating personal transport equipment. \r\n <\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/indicators\/real-change-in-transport-prices\/assessment-1\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage \" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/indicators\/fuel-prices-and-taxes\/assessment-2\" title=\"Transport fuel prices and taxes\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/indicators\/fuel-prices-and-taxes\/assessment-2\/image_thumb\" title=\"Transport fuel prices and taxes\" alt=\"Transport fuel prices and taxes\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/indicators\/fuel-prices-and-taxes\/assessment-2\" class=\" state-published\" title=\"Transport fuel prices and taxes\">Transport fuel prices and taxes<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>Indicator Assessment<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 22 Nov 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\"> \r\n Since 1980, the real price (including taxes) of transport fuel* has fluctuated between EUR 0.75 and EUR 1.25 per litre, with an average price of EUR 0.97. Real prices per litre peaked in July 2008, reaching EUR 1.24, but then fell by around one third later that year, largely due to a significant drop in the price of crude oil. Another peak occurred in August 2012, when fuel prices reached EUR 1.25. Since then fuel prices have fallen again, reaching a low of EUR 0.84 in February 2016. The first months of 2018 show a decreasing trend. The average real price in April 2018 was EUR 0.99 per litre. The price of fuel is an important determinant of the demand for transport and the efficiency with which fuel is used. However, despite a slight increase in real prices over the last two decades, transport demand has increased even more. \r\n The price of transport fuel without taxes follows a similar trend; since 1980, it has fluctuated between EUR 0.18 and EUR 0.65 per litre, with an average price of EUR 0.38. Real prices per litre peaked in June 2008, but then fell by around one third later that year, largely because of a significant drop in the price of crude oil. Another peak occurred in September 2012, when fuel prices reached EUR 0.63. Since then, fuel prices have fallen again, reaching a low of EUR 0.28 in February 2016. The first months of 2018 show a decreasing trend. The average real price in April 2018 was EUR 0.41 per litre. \r\n <\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/indicators\/fuel-prices-and-taxes\/assessment-2\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage \" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/90-4-percentile-of-pm10-5\" title=\"90.4 percentile of daily mean PM10 concentrations observed at background stations, 2016\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/90-4-percentile-of-pm10-5\/image_thumb\" title=\"90.4 percentile of daily mean PM10 concentrations observed at background stations, 2016\" alt=\"90.4 percentile of daily mean PM10 concentrations observed at background stations, 2016\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/90-4-percentile-of-pm10-5\" class=\" state-published\" title=\"90.4 percentile of daily mean PM10 concentrations observed at background stations, 2016\">90.4 percentile of daily mean PM10 concentrations observed at background stations, 2016<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>Figure<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 22 Nov 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\">The map shows the 90.4 percentile of daily mean PM10 concentrations at background stations. This represents the 36th highest value in a complete series. It is related to the PM10 daily limit value, which allows 35 exceedances of the 50 \u03bcg\/m3 threshold over a 1-year period. Dots in the last two colour categories indicate stations with exceedances of this daily limit value. Only stations for which more than 75 % of data are valid have been included in the map.\r\n<\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/90-4-percentile-of-pm10-5\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage \" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/annual-mean-pm2-5-concentration-8\" title=\"Annual mean PM2.5 concentrations observed at background stations, 2016\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/annual-mean-pm2-5-concentration-8\/image_thumb\" title=\"Annual mean PM2.5 concentrations observed at background stations, 2016\" alt=\"Annual mean PM2.5 concentrations observed at background stations, 2016\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/annual-mean-pm2-5-concentration-8\" class=\" state-published\" title=\"Annual mean PM2.5 concentrations observed at background stations, 2016\">Annual mean PM2.5 concentrations observed at background stations, 2016<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>Figure<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 22 Nov 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\">The figure shows the annual mean concentrations of particulate matter (PM2.5) observed at background stations in 2016. <\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/annual-mean-pm2-5-concentration-8\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage \" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/data\/approximated-estimates-for-greenhouse-gas-emissions\" title=\"Approximated estimates for greenhouse gas emissions \">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/data\/approximated-estimates-for-greenhouse-gas-emissions\/image_thumb\" title=\"Approximated estimates for greenhouse gas emissions \" alt=\"Approximated estimates for greenhouse gas emissions \" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/data\/approximated-estimates-for-greenhouse-gas-emissions\" class=\" state-published\" title=\"Approximated estimates for greenhouse gas emissions \">Approximated estimates for greenhouse gas emissions <\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>Data<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 21 Nov 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\">The Monitoring Mechanism Regulation ((EU) No 525\/2013) requires Member States to annually report approximated greenhouse gas inventories by 31 July. A Union approximated greenhouse gas inventory is annually compiled on the basis of the Member States\u2019 approximated greenhouse gas inventories or, if a Member State has not communicated its approximated inventories by that date, on the basis of own estimates.<\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/data\/approximated-estimates-for-greenhouse-gas-emissions\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage video-fancybox\" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/audiovisuals\/industrial-pollution-data-and-info\/view\" title=\"Industrial pollution data and info at your fingertips!\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/audiovisuals\/industrial-pollution-data-and-info\/image_thumb\" title=\"Industrial pollution data and info at your fingertips!\" alt=\"Industrial pollution data and info at your fingertips!\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/audiovisuals\/industrial-pollution-data-and-info\/view\" class=\"video-fancybox state-published\" title=\"Industrial pollution data and info at your fingertips!\">Industrial pollution data and info at your fingertips!<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>Video<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 15 Oct 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\">Industrial activities are part of our modern society and give us many benefits. However industrial pollution & mercury are problems which have an impact on our health and on the environment. The EU is at the forefront in taking action to address this pollution. Did you know there is key information available on industrial emissions around where you live? <\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/audiovisuals\/industrial-pollution-data-and-info\/view\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage \" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/explore-interactive-maps\/water-exploitation-index-for-river-2\" title=\"Water exploitation index plus (WEI+) for river basin districts (1990-2015)\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/explore-interactive-maps\/water-exploitation-index-for-river-2\/image_thumb\" title=\"Water exploitation index plus (WEI+) for river basin districts (1990-2015)\" alt=\"Water exploitation index plus (WEI+) for river basin districts (1990-2015)\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/explore-interactive-maps\/water-exploitation-index-for-river-2\" class=\" state-published\" title=\"Water exploitation index plus (WEI+) for river basin districts (1990-2015)\">Water exploitation index plus (WEI+) for river basin districts (1990-2015)<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>GIS Map Application<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 10 Oct 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\">This interactive map gives a European overview of water stress conditions. The information presented may deviate from that available in the EEA member countries and cooperating countries, particularly for those countries where data availability is insufficient in the WISE SoE \u2013 Water quantity database (WISE 3). \r\n\r\nData on hydro-climatic variables was aggregated from a daily to a monthly scale. Water abstraction data was taken from WISE 3 (annual resolution at the national scale), although there are large gaps in the time series. Therefore, intensive gap filling was performed on water abstraction data and proxies were used to disaggregate the data from the national to the sub-basin scale. \r\n\r\nInformation on water use was mainly modelled on the UWWTP capacities, the E-PRTR database and the Eurostat Population change dataset (online data code [demo_gind]) among others. See the methodology chapter for further explanation of gap filling, and spatial and temporal disaggregation, and the data uncertainties chapter for current data availability. \r\n\r\nThis interactive map allows users to explore changes over time in water abstraction by source, water use by sector and water stress level at sub-basin or river basin scale. The WEI+ has been estimated as the quarterly average per river basin district, for the years 1990-2015, as defined in the European catchments and rivers network system (ECRINS). The ECRINS delineation of river basin districts differs slightly from that defined by Member States under the Water Framework Directive. The Ecrins delineation is used instead of WFD because it contains geo-spatial information on Europe\u2019s hydrographical systems with full topological information enabling flow estimation between upstream and downstream basins, as well as integration of economic data collected at NUTS or country level. \r\n\r\nIn addition to using e WISE SoE \u2013 Water quantity database, a comprehensive manual data collection was performed by accessing all open sources (Eurostat, OECD, FAO) including national statistical offices of the countries. This was done because of the temporal and spatial gaps in the data on water abstraction. Moreover, a large part of the stream flow data from LISFLOOD has also been substantially updated by the Directorate-General Joint Research Centre. Similarly, a comprehensive update with climatic parameters has been performed by the EEA based on the E-OBS dataset. Therefore, the time series of the WEI+ presented in the current version might be slightly different for some basins compared with the previous version.<\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/explore-interactive-maps\/water-exploitation-index-for-river-2\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage \" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/infographics\/trend-in-eu-mercury-emissions\/view\" title=\"Trend in EU mercury emissions to air 1990 2016\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/infographics\/trend-in-eu-mercury-emissions\/image_thumb\" title=\"Trend in EU mercury emissions to air 1990 2016\" alt=\"Trend in EU mercury emissions to air 1990 2016\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/infographics\/trend-in-eu-mercury-emissions\/view\" class=\" state-published\" title=\"Trend in EU mercury emissions to air 1990 2016\">Trend in EU mercury emissions to air 1990 2016<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>Infographic<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 28 Sep 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\"><\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/infographics\/trend-in-eu-mercury-emissions\/view\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage \" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/infographics\/examples-of-individual-actions-to\/view\" title=\"Examples of individual actions to minimise exposure to and release of mercury\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/infographics\/examples-of-individual-actions-to\/image_thumb\" title=\"Examples of individual actions to minimise exposure to and release of mercury\" alt=\"Examples of individual actions to minimise exposure to and release of mercury\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/infographics\/examples-of-individual-actions-to\/view\" class=\" state-published\" title=\"Examples of individual actions to minimise exposure to and release of mercury\">Examples of individual actions to minimise exposure to and release of mercury<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>Infographic<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 28 Sep 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\"><\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/infographics\/examples-of-individual-actions-to\/view\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage \" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/articles\/mercury-a-persistent-threat-to\" title=\"Mercury: a persistent threat to the environment and people's health\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/articles\/mercury-a-persistent-threat-to\/image_thumb\" title=\"Mercury: a persistent threat to the environment and people's health\" alt=\"Mercury: a persistent threat to the environment and people's health\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/articles\/mercury-a-persistent-threat-to\" class=\" state-published\" title=\"Mercury: a persistent threat to the environment and people's health\">Mercury: a persistent threat to the environment and people's health<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>Article<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 17 Sep 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\">Many people still associate mercury with thermometers and most also know that it is toxic. Because of its toxicity, mercury is on its way out from products in Europe but a lot of it is still circulating in air, water, soil and ecosystems. Is mercury still a problem and what is being done about it? We interviewed Ian Marnane, EEA expert on sustainable resource use and industry.<\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/articles\/mercury-a-persistent-threat-to\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage \" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/articles\/understanding-and-acting-on-the-complexity\" title=\"Understanding and acting on the complexity of climate change\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/articles\/understanding-and-acting-on-the-complexity\/image_thumb\" title=\"Understanding and acting on the complexity of climate change\" alt=\"Understanding and acting on the complexity of climate change\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/articles\/understanding-and-acting-on-the-complexity\" class=\" state-published\" title=\"Understanding and acting on the complexity of climate change\">Understanding and acting on the complexity of climate change<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>Article<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 17 Sep 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\">Climate change is one of the most important challenges of our time. Its impacts are felt across the globe, affecting people, nature and the economy. To mitigate climate change, we need to reduce global emissions of greenhouse gases significantly. Translating this overall objective into concrete measures requires understanding a complex system linking emissions from different sources to national and regional impacts, global governance and potential co-benefits. The European Environment Agency strives to continuously improve the knowledge needed for designing effective measures on the ground.<\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/articles\/understanding-and-acting-on-the-complexity\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage \" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/explore-interactive-maps\/up-to-date-air-quality-data\" title=\"Up-to-date air quality data\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/explore-interactive-maps\/up-to-date-air-quality-data\/image_thumb\" title=\"Up-to-date air quality data\" alt=\"Up-to-date air quality data\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/explore-interactive-maps\/up-to-date-air-quality-data\" class=\" state-published\" title=\"Up-to-date air quality data\">Up-to-date air quality data<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>GIS Map Application<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 01 Aug 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\">Latest measurements from Europe's air quality monitoring network <\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/explore-interactive-maps\/up-to-date-air-quality-data\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage video-fancybox\" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/audiovisuals\/water-is-life-lets-protect-it\/view\" title=\"Water is life, let's protect it!\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/audiovisuals\/water-is-life-lets-protect-it\/image_thumb\" title=\"Water is life, let's protect it!\" alt=\"Water is life, let's protect it!\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/audiovisuals\/water-is-life-lets-protect-it\/view\" class=\"video-fancybox state-published\" title=\"Water is life, let's protect it!\">Water is life, let's protect it!<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>Video<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 15 Jun 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\"><\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/audiovisuals\/water-is-life-lets-protect-it\/view\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage \" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/eu-member-state-progress-in-1\" title=\"EU Member State progress in meeting 2010 NEC Directive emission ceilings and 2020\/2030 reduction commitments\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/eu-member-state-progress-in-1\/image_thumb\" title=\"EU Member State progress in meeting 2010 NEC Directive emission ceilings and 2020\/2030 reduction commitments\" alt=\"EU Member State progress in meeting 2010 NEC Directive emission ceilings and 2020\/2030 reduction commitments\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/eu-member-state-progress-in-1\" class=\" state-published\" title=\"EU Member State progress in meeting 2010 NEC Directive emission ceilings and 2020\/2030 reduction commitments\">EU Member State progress in meeting 2010 NEC Directive emission ceilings and 2020\/2030 reduction commitments<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>Figure<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 14 Jun 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\">'Black check mark' indicates that the emission ceiling or reduction commitment has been, or is anticipated to be, attained. The NEC Directive does not include a 2010 ceiling for PM2.5.\r\n\u2018Red cross\u2019 indicates that the ceiling or reduction commitment has not been, or is not anticipated to be, attained.\r\n<\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/eu-member-state-progress-in-1\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"tileItem visualIEFloatFix\">\n <a class=\"tileImage \" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/distribution-of-marine-litter-by\" title=\"Distribution of marine litter by material type\">\n <img class=\"lazy\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/distribution-of-marine-litter-by\/image_thumb\" title=\"Distribution of marine litter by material type\" alt=\"Distribution of marine litter by material type\" \/>\n <\/a>\n\n <div class=\"tileContent\">\n <h2 class=\"tileHeadline\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/distribution-of-marine-litter-by\" class=\" state-published\" title=\"Distribution of marine litter by material type\">Distribution of marine litter by material type<\/a>\n\n <\/h2>\n <span>Figure<\/span>\n <span class=\"date\">\n 07 Jun 2018\n <\/span>\n\n \n\n\n <\/div>\n\n <p class=\"tileBody\">\n <span class=\"description\">The illustration shows the distribution of marine litter reported by the public and where they were found<\/span>\n <\/p>\n\n <p class=\"tileFooter\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/distribution-of-marine-litter-by\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a>\n <\/p>\n <div class=\"visualClear\" style=\"padding-bottom:1.0em;\"><!-- --><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n\n\n \n\n \n <!-- Navigation -->\n\n\n \n\n\n\n\n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n\n\n <\/div>\n \n <div class=\" gallery-album \">\n \n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry photoAlbumFolder\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/publications\/forest-dynamics-in-europe-and\" title=\"Forest dynamics in Europe and their ecological consequences\" class=\"\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\"Forests used to constitute the dominant natural vegetation in most of Europe, covering up to 80 % of the land surface. However, the current extent and condition of forest ecosystems are the result of the process of human appropriation (domestication), which started more than 5000 years ago. By the end of the 17th century, more than half of Europe\u2019s original forest had disappeared and covered just a few percent of the total land area in countries such as Denmark or Ireland. In response to forest depletion, stricter forest management practices emerged to replant, protect and maintain forest cover and the multi-functionality of forests in terms of wood production and protection against, for example, soil and wind erosion. \" alt=\"Forest dynamics in Europe and their ecological consequences\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/publications\/forest-dynamics-in-europe-and\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">Forest dynamics in Europe and their ecological consequences<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\">Forests used to constitute the dominant natural vegetation in most of Europe, covering up to 80 % of the land surface. However, the current extent and condition of forest ecosystems are the result of the process of human appropriation (domestication), which started more than 5000 years ago. By the end of the 17th century, more than half of Europe\u2019s original forest had disappeared and covered just a few percent of the total land area in countries such as Denmark or Ireland. In response to forest depletion, stricter forest management practices emerged to replant, protect and maintain forest cover and the multi-functionality of forests in terms of wood production and protection against, for example, soil and wind erosion. <\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry photoAlbumFolder\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/highlights\/better-information-needed-on-europes-forests\" title=\"Better information needed on Europe's forests\" class=\"\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\"There is a growing demand for forest products and ecosystem services but information on the changes in Europe's forests is currently limited. According to an EEA briefing, published today, high-resolution satellite images will improve knowledge about changes in structure, function and condition of forest ecosystems and the impacts of different forest management practices across Europe.\" alt=\"Better information needed on Europe's forests\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/highlights\/better-information-needed-on-europes-forests\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">Better information needed on Europe's forests<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\">There is a growing demand for forest products and ecosystem services but information on the changes in Europe's forests is currently limited. According to an EEA briefing, published today, high-resolution satellite images will improve knowledge about changes in structure, function and condition of forest ecosystems and the impacts of different forest management practices across Europe.<\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry photoAlbumFolder\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/daviz\/contaminants-likely-to-be-affecting-1\" title=\"Contaminants likely to be affecting soil, sludge and sediment in EEA-33 countries in 2011\" class=\"\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\"EEA indicator\" alt=\"Contaminants likely to be affecting soil, sludge and sediment in EEA-33 countries in 2011\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/daviz\/contaminants-likely-to-be-affecting-1\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">Contaminants likely to be affecting soil, sludge and sediment in EEA-33 countries in 2011<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\">EEA indicator<\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry photoAlbumFolder\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/daviz\/waste-transfers-from-industrial-facilities-4\" title=\"Waste transfers from industrial facilities excluding waste industry (EEA-33)\" class=\"\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\"EEA indicator\" alt=\"Waste transfers from industrial facilities excluding waste industry (EEA-33)\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/daviz\/waste-transfers-from-industrial-facilities-4\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">Waste transfers from industrial facilities excluding waste industry (EEA-33)<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\">EEA indicator<\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry photoAlbumFolder\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/publications\/trends-and-projections-in-europe-2018-climate-and-energy\" title=\"Trends and projections in Europe 2018 - Tracking progress towards Europe's climate and energy targets\" class=\"\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\"This report is part of the \u2018Trends and Projections in Europe: 2018: Tracking progress towards Europe\u2019s climate and energy targets,\u2019 package. It is based on the most recent reported and approximated data from EU Member States on greenhouse gas emissions, renewable energy uptake and energy consumption.\" alt=\"Trends and projections in Europe 2018 - Tracking progress towards Europe's climate and energy targets\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/publications\/trends-and-projections-in-europe-2018-climate-and-energy\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">Trends and projections in Europe 2018 - Tracking progress towards Europe's climate and energy targets<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\">This report is part of the \u2018Trends and Projections in Europe: 2018: Tracking progress towards Europe\u2019s climate and energy targets,\u2019 package. It is based on the most recent reported and approximated data from EU Member States on greenhouse gas emissions, renewable energy uptake and energy consumption.<\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry photoAlbumFolder\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/highlights\/rising-energy-consumption-slows-eu\" title=\"Rising energy consumption slows EU progress on renewables and energy efficiency targets\" class=\"\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\"Progress on increasing the use of renewable energy and improving energy efficiency is slowing across the European Union, putting at risk the EU\u2019s ability to achieve its energy and emissions reduction targets. Rising energy consumption, particularly in the transport sector, is to blame for the slowdown, according to preliminary data released today in the European Environment Agency\u2019s (EEA) annual analysis on the EU\u2019s progress towards its targets on renewables and energy efficiency. \r\n\" alt=\"Rising energy consumption slows EU progress on renewables and energy efficiency targets\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/highlights\/rising-energy-consumption-slows-eu\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">Rising energy consumption slows EU progress on renewables and energy efficiency targets<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\">Progress on increasing the use of renewable energy and improving energy efficiency is slowing across the European Union, putting at risk the EU\u2019s ability to achieve its energy and emissions reduction targets. Rising energy consumption, particularly in the transport sector, is to blame for the slowdown, according to preliminary data released today in the European Environment Agency\u2019s (EEA) annual analysis on the EU\u2019s progress towards its targets on renewables and energy efficiency. \r\n<\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry photoAlbumFolder\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/data\/approximated-estimates-for-the-share-1\" title=\"Approximated estimates for the share of gross final consumption of renewable energy sources in 2017 (EEA 2017 RES share proxies)\" class=\"\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\"Directive 2009\/28\/EC on the promotion and use of energy from renewable sources commits the EU to achieving a 20 % share of renewable energy sources (RES) in its gross final energy consumption by 2020 and a 10 % share of renewable energy in transport energy consumption by the same year.\r\nSince early access to the most recent information on the growth of RES is relevant for all stakeholders, the EEA and its European Topic Centre for Air Pollution and Climate Change Mitigation (ETC\/ACM) produce each year a set of early estimates concerning the RES shares achieved by the countries and the EU as a whole in the previous year. The current data set concerns the EEA 2017 RES share proxies. The cut-off date for most data sources incorporated in the calculation of the approximated 2017 RES shares was 31 July 2018. (EEA standard re-use policy: unless otherwise indicated, re-use of content on the EEA website for commercial or non-commercial purposes is permitted free of charge, provided that the source is acknowledged (https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/legal\/copyright). Copyright holder: European Environment Agency (EEA).)\" alt=\"Approximated estimates for the share of gross final consumption of renewable energy sources in 2017 (EEA 2017 RES share proxies)\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/data\/approximated-estimates-for-the-share-1\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">Approximated estimates for the share of gross final consumption of renewable energy sources in 2017 (EEA 2017 RES share proxies)<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\">Directive 2009\/28\/EC on the promotion and use of energy from renewable sources commits the EU to achieving a 20 % share of renewable energy sources (RES) in its gross final energy consumption by 2020 and a 10 % share of renewable energy in transport energy consumption by the same year.\r\nSince early access to the most recent information on the growth of RES is relevant for all stakeholders, the EEA and its European Topic Centre for Air Pollution and Climate Change Mitigation (ETC\/ACM) produce each year a set of early estimates concerning the RES shares achieved by the countries and the EU as a whole in the previous year. The current data set concerns the EEA 2017 RES share proxies. The cut-off date for most data sources incorporated in the calculation of the approximated 2017 RES shares was 31 July 2018. <\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry photoAlbumFolder\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/indicators\/real-change-in-transport-prices\/assessment-1\" title=\"Real change in transport prices by mode\" class=\"\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\" \r\n The cost of purchasing motor cars has decreased significantly since 1996, compared with average consumer prices. In contrast, the cost of passenger services and the operation of personal transport equipment has generally increased over the same period. \r\n The volatility\u00a0of the transport market can be seen by looking at figures for 2009, when overall transport prices fell at a faster rate than average consumer prices. This was primarily because of a significant drop in the average crude oil price between 2008 and 2009, and subsequent reductions in fuel prices. \r\n Rail transport prices are less closely tied to the costs of fuel as most services operate under \u2018public service obligations\u2019 and an increasing proportion of passenger rail is electric-powered. \r\n Overall, transport prices appeared to peak in 2012, largely driven by a peak in the price of operating personal transport equipment. \r\n \" alt=\"Real change in transport prices by mode\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/indicators\/real-change-in-transport-prices\/assessment-1\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">Real change in transport prices by mode<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\"> \r\n The cost of purchasing motor cars has decreased significantly since 1996, compared with average consumer prices. In contrast, the cost of passenger services and the operation of personal transport equipment has generally increased over the same period. \r\n The volatility\u00a0of the transport market can be seen by looking at figures for 2009, when overall transport prices fell at a faster rate than average consumer prices. This was primarily because of a significant drop in the average crude oil price between 2008 and 2009, and subsequent reductions in fuel prices. \r\n Rail transport prices are less closely tied to the costs of fuel as most services operate under \u2018public service obligations\u2019 and an increasing proportion of passenger rail is electric-powered. \r\n Overall, transport prices appeared to peak in 2012, largely driven by a peak in the price of operating personal transport equipment. \r\n <\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry photoAlbumFolder\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/indicators\/fuel-prices-and-taxes\/assessment-2\" title=\"Transport fuel prices and taxes\" class=\"\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\" \r\n Since 1980, the real price (including taxes) of transport fuel* has fluctuated between EUR 0.75 and EUR 1.25 per litre, with an average price of EUR 0.97. Real prices per litre peaked in July 2008, reaching EUR 1.24, but then fell by around one third later that year, largely due to a significant drop in the price of crude oil. Another peak occurred in August 2012, when fuel prices reached EUR 1.25. Since then fuel prices have fallen again, reaching a low of EUR 0.84 in February 2016. The first months of 2018 show a decreasing trend. The average real price in April 2018 was EUR 0.99 per litre. The price of fuel is an important determinant of the demand for transport and the efficiency with which fuel is used. However, despite a slight increase in real prices over the last two decades, transport demand has increased even more. \r\n The price of transport fuel without taxes follows a similar trend; since 1980, it has fluctuated between EUR 0.18 and EUR 0.65 per litre, with an average price of EUR 0.38. Real prices per litre peaked in June 2008, but then fell by around one third later that year, largely because of a significant drop in the price of crude oil. Another peak occurred in September 2012, when fuel prices reached EUR 0.63. Since then, fuel prices have fallen again, reaching a low of EUR 0.28 in February 2016. The first months of 2018 show a decreasing trend. The average real price in April 2018 was EUR 0.41 per litre. \r\n \" alt=\"Transport fuel prices and taxes\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/indicators\/fuel-prices-and-taxes\/assessment-2\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">Transport fuel prices and taxes<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\"> \r\n Since 1980, the real price (including taxes) of transport fuel* has fluctuated between EUR 0.75 and EUR 1.25 per litre, with an average price of EUR 0.97. Real prices per litre peaked in July 2008, reaching EUR 1.24, but then fell by around one third later that year, largely due to a significant drop in the price of crude oil. Another peak occurred in August 2012, when fuel prices reached EUR 1.25. Since then fuel prices have fallen again, reaching a low of EUR 0.84 in February 2016. The first months of 2018 show a decreasing trend. The average real price in April 2018 was EUR 0.99 per litre. The price of fuel is an important determinant of the demand for transport and the efficiency with which fuel is used. However, despite a slight increase in real prices over the last two decades, transport demand has increased even more. \r\n The price of transport fuel without taxes follows a similar trend; since 1980, it has fluctuated between EUR 0.18 and EUR 0.65 per litre, with an average price of EUR 0.38. Real prices per litre peaked in June 2008, but then fell by around one third later that year, largely because of a significant drop in the price of crude oil. Another peak occurred in September 2012, when fuel prices reached EUR 0.63. Since then, fuel prices have fallen again, reaching a low of EUR 0.28 in February 2016. The first months of 2018 show a decreasing trend. The average real price in April 2018 was EUR 0.41 per litre. \r\n <\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry photoAlbumFolder\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/90-4-percentile-of-pm10-5\" title=\"90.4 percentile of daily mean PM10 concentrations observed at background stations, 2016\" class=\"\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\"The map shows the 90.4 percentile of daily mean PM10 concentrations at background stations. This represents the 36th highest value in a complete series. It is related to the PM10 daily limit value, which allows 35 exceedances of the 50 \u03bcg\/m3 threshold over a 1-year period. Dots in the last two colour categories indicate stations with exceedances of this daily limit value. Only stations for which more than 75 % of data are valid have been included in the map.\r\n (EEA standard re-use policy: unless otherwise indicated, re-use of content on the EEA website for commercial or non-commercial purposes is permitted free of charge, provided that the source is acknowledged (https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/legal\/copyright). Copyright holder: European Environment Agency (EEA).)\" alt=\"90.4 percentile of daily mean PM10 concentrations observed at background stations, 2016\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/90-4-percentile-of-pm10-5\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">90.4 percentile of daily mean PM10 concentrations observed at background stations, 2016<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\">The map shows the 90.4 percentile of daily mean PM10 concentrations at background stations. This represents the 36th highest value in a complete series. It is related to the PM10 daily limit value, which allows 35 exceedances of the 50 \u03bcg\/m3 threshold over a 1-year period. Dots in the last two colour categories indicate stations with exceedances of this daily limit value. Only stations for which more than 75 % of data are valid have been included in the map.\r\n<\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry photoAlbumFolder\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/annual-mean-pm2-5-concentration-8\" title=\"Annual mean PM2.5 concentrations observed at background stations, 2016\" class=\"\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\"The figure shows the annual mean concentrations of particulate matter (PM2.5) observed at background stations in 2016. (EEA standard re-use policy: unless otherwise indicated, re-use of content on the EEA website for commercial or non-commercial purposes is permitted free of charge, provided that the source is acknowledged (https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/legal\/copyright). Copyright holder: European Environment Agency (EEA).)\" alt=\"Annual mean PM2.5 concentrations observed at background stations, 2016\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/annual-mean-pm2-5-concentration-8\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">Annual mean PM2.5 concentrations observed at background stations, 2016<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\">The figure shows the annual mean concentrations of particulate matter (PM2.5) observed at background stations in 2016. <\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry photoAlbumFolder\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/data\/approximated-estimates-for-greenhouse-gas-emissions\" title=\"Approximated estimates for greenhouse gas emissions \" class=\"\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\"The Monitoring Mechanism Regulation ((EU) No 525\/2013) requires Member States to annually report approximated greenhouse gas inventories by 31 July. A Union approximated greenhouse gas inventory is annually compiled on the basis of the Member States\u2019 approximated greenhouse gas inventories or, if a Member State has not communicated its approximated inventories by that date, on the basis of own estimates. (EEA standard re-use policy: unless otherwise indicated, re-use of content on the EEA website for commercial or non-commercial purposes is permitted free of charge, provided that the source is acknowledged (http:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/legal\/copyright). Copyright holder: Directorate-General for Environment (DG ENV).)\" alt=\"Approximated estimates for greenhouse gas emissions \" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/data\/approximated-estimates-for-greenhouse-gas-emissions\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">Approximated estimates for greenhouse gas emissions <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\">The Monitoring Mechanism Regulation ((EU) No 525\/2013) requires Member States to annually report approximated greenhouse gas inventories by 31 July. A Union approximated greenhouse gas inventory is annually compiled on the basis of the Member States\u2019 approximated greenhouse gas inventories or, if a Member State has not communicated its approximated inventories by that date, on the basis of own estimates.<\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/audiovisuals\/industrial-pollution-data-and-info\/view\" title=\"Industrial pollution data and info at your fingertips!\" class=\"video-fancybox cloudvideo\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\"Industrial activities are part of our modern society and give us many benefits. However industrial pollution & mercury are problems which have an impact on our health and on the environment. The EU is at the forefront in taking action to address this pollution. Did you know there is key information available on industrial emissions around where you live? \" alt=\"Industrial pollution data and info at your fingertips!\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/audiovisuals\/industrial-pollution-data-and-info\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">Industrial pollution data and info at your fingertips!<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\">Industrial activities are part of our modern society and give us many benefits. However industrial pollution & mercury are problems which have an impact on our health and on the environment. The EU is at the forefront in taking action to address this pollution. Did you know there is key information available on industrial emissions around where you live? <\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/explore-interactive-maps\/water-exploitation-index-for-river-2\" title=\"Water exploitation index plus (WEI+) for river basin districts (1990-2015)\" class=\"\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\"This interactive map gives a European overview of water stress conditions. The information presented may deviate from that available in the EEA member countries and cooperating countries, particularly for those countries where data availability is insufficient in the WISE SoE \u2013 Water quantity database (WISE 3). \r\n\r\nData on hydro-climatic variables was aggregated from a daily to a monthly scale. Water abstraction data was taken from WISE 3 (annual resolution at the national scale), although there are large gaps in the time series. Therefore, intensive gap filling was performed on water abstraction data and proxies were used to disaggregate the data from the national to the sub-basin scale. \r\n\r\nInformation on water use was mainly modelled on the UWWTP capacities, the E-PRTR database and the Eurostat Population change dataset (online data code [demo_gind]) among others. See the methodology chapter for further explanation of gap filling, and spatial and temporal disaggregation, and the data uncertainties chapter for current data availability. \r\n\r\nThis interactive map allows users to explore changes over time in water abstraction by source, water use by sector and water stress level at sub-basin or river basin scale. The WEI+ has been estimated as the quarterly average per river basin district, for the years 1990-2015, as defined in the European catchments and rivers network system (ECRINS). The ECRINS delineation of river basin districts differs slightly from that defined by Member States under the Water Framework Directive. The Ecrins delineation is used instead of WFD because it contains geo-spatial information on Europe\u2019s hydrographical systems with full topological information enabling flow estimation between upstream and downstream basins, as well as integration of economic data collected at NUTS or country level. \r\n\r\nIn addition to using e WISE SoE \u2013 Water quantity database, a comprehensive manual data collection was performed by accessing all open sources (Eurostat, OECD, FAO) including national statistical offices of the countries. This was done because of the temporal and spatial gaps in the data on water abstraction. Moreover, a large part of the stream flow data from LISFLOOD has also been substantially updated by the Directorate-General Joint Research Centre. Similarly, a comprehensive update with climatic parameters has been performed by the EEA based on the E-OBS dataset. Therefore, the time series of the WEI+ presented in the current version might be slightly different for some basins compared with the previous version.\" alt=\"Water exploitation index plus (WEI+) for river basin districts (1990-2015)\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/explore-interactive-maps\/water-exploitation-index-for-river-2\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">Water exploitation index plus (WEI+) for river basin districts (1990-2015)<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\">This interactive map gives a European overview of water stress conditions. The information presented may deviate from that available in the EEA member countries and cooperating countries, particularly for those countries where data availability is insufficient in the WISE SoE \u2013 Water quantity database (WISE 3). \r\n\r\nData on hydro-climatic variables was aggregated from a daily to a monthly scale. Water abstraction data was taken from WISE 3 (annual resolution at the national scale), although there are large gaps in the time series. Therefore, intensive gap filling was performed on water abstraction data and proxies were used to disaggregate the data from the national to the sub-basin scale. \r\n\r\nInformation on water use was mainly modelled on the UWWTP capacities, the E-PRTR database and the Eurostat Population change dataset (online data code [demo_gind]) among others. See the methodology chapter for further explanation of gap filling, and spatial and temporal disaggregation, and the data uncertainties chapter for current data availability. \r\n\r\nThis interactive map allows users to explore changes over time in water abstraction by source, water use by sector and water stress level at sub-basin or river basin scale. The WEI+ has been estimated as the quarterly average per river basin district, for the years 1990-2015, as defined in the European catchments and rivers network system (ECRINS). The ECRINS delineation of river basin districts differs slightly from that defined by Member States under the Water Framework Directive. The Ecrins delineation is used instead of WFD because it contains geo-spatial information on Europe\u2019s hydrographical systems with full topological information enabling flow estimation between upstream and downstream basins, as well as integration of economic data collected at NUTS or country level. \r\n\r\nIn addition to using e WISE SoE \u2013 Water quantity database, a comprehensive manual data collection was performed by accessing all open sources (Eurostat, OECD, FAO) including national statistical offices of the countries. This was done because of the temporal and spatial gaps in the data on water abstraction. Moreover, a large part of the stream flow data from LISFLOOD has also been substantially updated by the Directorate-General Joint Research Centre. Similarly, a comprehensive update with climatic parameters has been performed by the EEA based on the E-OBS dataset. Therefore, the time series of the WEI+ presented in the current version might be slightly different for some basins compared with the previous version.<\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/infographics\/trend-in-eu-mercury-emissions\/view\" title=\"Trend in EU mercury emissions to air 1990 2016\" class=\"\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\"Trend in EU mercury emissions to air 1990 2016\" alt=\"Trend in EU mercury emissions to air 1990 2016\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/infographics\/trend-in-eu-mercury-emissions\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">Trend in EU mercury emissions to air 1990 2016<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\"><\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/infographics\/examples-of-individual-actions-to\/view\" title=\"Examples of individual actions to minimise exposure to and release of mercury\" class=\"\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\"Examples of individual actions to minimise exposure to and release of mercury\" alt=\"Examples of individual actions to minimise exposure to and release of mercury\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/infographics\/examples-of-individual-actions-to\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">Examples of individual actions to minimise exposure to and release of mercury<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\"><\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry photoAlbumFolder\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/articles\/mercury-a-persistent-threat-to\" title=\"Mercury: a persistent threat to the environment and people's health\" class=\"\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\"Many people still associate mercury with thermometers and most also know that it is toxic. Because of its toxicity, mercury is on its way out from products in Europe but a lot of it is still circulating in air, water, soil and ecosystems. Is mercury still a problem and what is being done about it? We interviewed Ian Marnane, EEA expert on sustainable resource use and industry.\" alt=\"Mercury: a persistent threat to the environment and people's health\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/articles\/mercury-a-persistent-threat-to\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">Mercury: a persistent threat to the environment and people's health<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\">Many people still associate mercury with thermometers and most also know that it is toxic. Because of its toxicity, mercury is on its way out from products in Europe but a lot of it is still circulating in air, water, soil and ecosystems. Is mercury still a problem and what is being done about it? We interviewed Ian Marnane, EEA expert on sustainable resource use and industry.<\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry photoAlbumFolder\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/articles\/understanding-and-acting-on-the-complexity\" title=\"Understanding and acting on the complexity of climate change\" class=\"\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\"Climate change is one of the most important challenges of our time. Its impacts are felt across the globe, affecting people, nature and the economy. To mitigate climate change, we need to reduce global emissions of greenhouse gases significantly. Translating this overall objective into concrete measures requires understanding a complex system linking emissions from different sources to national and regional impacts, global governance and potential co-benefits. The European Environment Agency strives to continuously improve the knowledge needed for designing effective measures on the ground.\" alt=\"Understanding and acting on the complexity of climate change\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/articles\/understanding-and-acting-on-the-complexity\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">Understanding and acting on the complexity of climate change<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\">Climate change is one of the most important challenges of our time. Its impacts are felt across the globe, affecting people, nature and the economy. To mitigate climate change, we need to reduce global emissions of greenhouse gases significantly. Translating this overall objective into concrete measures requires understanding a complex system linking emissions from different sources to national and regional impacts, global governance and potential co-benefits. The European Environment Agency strives to continuously improve the knowledge needed for designing effective measures on the ground.<\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/explore-interactive-maps\/up-to-date-air-quality-data\" title=\"Up-to-date air quality data\" class=\"\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\"Latest measurements from Europe's air quality monitoring network \" alt=\"Up-to-date air quality data\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/explore-interactive-maps\/up-to-date-air-quality-data\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">Up-to-date air quality data<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\">Latest measurements from Europe's air quality monitoring network <\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/audiovisuals\/water-is-life-lets-protect-it\/view\" title=\"Water is life, let's protect it!\" class=\"video-fancybox cloudvideo\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\"Water is life, let's protect it!\" alt=\"Water is life, let's protect it!\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/media\/audiovisuals\/water-is-life-lets-protect-it\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">Water is life, let's protect it!<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\"><\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry photoAlbumFolder\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/eu-member-state-progress-in-1\" title=\"EU Member State progress in meeting 2010 NEC Directive emission ceilings and 2020\/2030 reduction commitments\" class=\"\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\"'Black check mark' indicates that the emission ceiling or reduction commitment has been, or is anticipated to be, attained. The NEC Directive does not include a 2010 ceiling for PM2.5.\r\n\u2018Red cross\u2019 indicates that the ceiling or reduction commitment has not been, or is not anticipated to be, attained.\r\n (EEA standard re-use policy: unless otherwise indicated, re-use of content on the EEA website for commercial or non-commercial purposes is permitted free of charge, provided that the source is acknowledged (https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/legal\/copyright). Copyright holder: European Environment Agency (EEA).)\" alt=\"EU Member State progress in meeting 2010 NEC Directive emission ceilings and 2020\/2030 reduction commitments\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/eu-member-state-progress-in-1\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">EU Member State progress in meeting 2010 NEC Directive emission ceilings and 2020\/2030 reduction commitments<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\">'Black check mark' indicates that the emission ceiling or reduction commitment has been, or is anticipated to be, attained. The NEC Directive does not include a 2010 ceiling for PM2.5.\r\n\u2018Red cross\u2019 indicates that the ceiling or reduction commitment has not been, or is not anticipated to be, attained.\r\n<\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n <div class=\"photoAlbumEntry photoAlbumFolder\" >\n\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/distribution-of-marine-litter-by\" title=\"Distribution of marine litter by material type\" class=\"\">\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryWrapper\">\n <img title=\"The illustration shows the distribution of marine litter reported by the public and where they were found (EEA standard re-use policy: unless otherwise indicated, re-use of content on the EEA website for commercial or non-commercial purposes is permitted free of charge, provided that the source is acknowledged (https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/legal\/copyright). Copyright holder: European Environment Agency (EEA).)\" alt=\"Distribution of marine litter by material type\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/data-and-maps\/figures\/distribution-of-marine-litter-by\/image_thumb\"\/>\n <\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryTitle state-published\">Distribution of marine litter by material type<\/span>\n <span class=\"photoAlbumEntryDescription\">The illustration shows the distribution of marine litter reported by the public and where they were found<\/span>\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n\n \n\n\n \n \n <div class=\"visualClear\"><\/div>\n \n \n <\/div>\n \n <\/div>\n\n <div class=\"portletFooter\">\n <p>\n <a title=\"archive\" class=\"standardButton\" href=\"help\/advanced-search\">\n All Items\n <\/a>\n <\/p>\n<\/div>\n\n \n \n\n \n<\/div>\n \n \n \n\n \n <\/div>\n \n <\/div>\n\n\n\n <\/div> <!-- below-topics-area -->\n\n <\/div>\n <div id=\"articles-area\" class=\"right-column-area\">\n <!-- featured and spotlight areas -->\n \n \n\n \n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/articles\" class=\" archives link-plain\">\n <span>Archive<\/span><\/a>\n \n \n \n <div class=\"featured\">\n <h2 class=\"column-title\"><span>Featured article<\/span><\/h2>\n <div class=\"featured-highlights\">\n <div class=\"figure-left\">\n \n \n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/articles\/understanding-and-acting-on-the-complexity\">\n <img alt=\"Understanding and acting on the complexity of climate change\" width=\"125\" height=\"70\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/articles\/understanding-and-acting-on-the-complexity\/image_mini\" title=\"Understanding and acting on the complexity of climate change\" \/>\n <\/a>\n \n <\/div>\n\n \n\n \n <div class=\"featured-highlight-title\">\n <h3 class=\"highlight\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/articles\/understanding-and-acting-on-the-complexity\" class=\"noPrint\">Understanding and acting on the complexity of climate change<\/a><\/h3>\n <\/div>\n <div class=\"featured-highlight-description\">\n <p>Climate change is one of the most important challenges of our time. Its impacts are felt across the globe, affecting people, nature and the economy. To mitigate climate change, we need to reduce ...<\/p>\n <p><a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/articles\/understanding-and-acting-on-the-complexity\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a><\/p>\n <\/div>\n \n <\/div>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n \n <div class=\"featured\">\n <h2 class=\"column-title\"><span>In the spotlight<\/span><\/h2>\n <div class=\"featured-highlights\">\n <div class=\"figure-left\">\n \n \n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/themes\/water\/europes-seas-and-coasts\/assessments\/marine-protected-areas\">\n <img alt=\"Marine protected areas\" width=\"125\" height=\"70\" src=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/themes\/water\/europes-seas-and-coasts\/assessments\/marine-protected-areas\/image_mini\" title=\"Marine protected areas\" \/>\n <\/a>\n \n <\/div>\n\n \n\n \n <div class=\"featured-highlight-title\">\n <h3 class=\"highlight\">\n <a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/themes\/water\/europes-seas-and-coasts\/assessments\/marine-protected-areas\" class=\"noPrint\">Marine protected areas<\/a><\/h3>\n <\/div>\n <div class=\"featured-highlight-description\">\n <p>Marine protected areas (MPAs) are geographically distinct zones for which protection objectives are set. They constitute a globally connected system for safeguarding biodiversity and maintaining ...<\/p>\n <p><a href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/themes\/water\/europes-seas-and-coasts\/assessments\/marine-protected-areas\" class=\"moreLink\">Read more<\/a><\/p>\n <\/div>\n \n <\/div>\n <\/div>\n \n \n\n \n <!--end featured and spotlight areas -->\n\n <!-- shortcuts divs -->\n <div id=\"enquiry-service-shortcut\" class=\"shortcut-default\">\n <div id=\"enquiry-content\">\n <a id=\"enquiry-link\" href=\"http:\/\/community.eea.europa.eu\" class=\"link-plain\">\n <h2>Ask your question<\/h2>\n EEA Forum, FAQs, discuss and share\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n <\/div>\n\n <div id=\"eea-mobile-shortcut\" class=\"shortcut-default\">\n <div id=\"mobile-content\">\n <a id=\"mobileapps-link\" href=\"https:\/\/www.eea.europa.eu\/mobile\" class=\"link-plain\">\n <h2>Apps for your mobile<\/h2>\n Environmental information anywhere\n <\/a>\n <\/div>\n <\/div>\n\n \n\n <div>\n\n <!-- the fancy box email subscription -->\n <div style=\"display:none;\">\n <div style=\"width: 280px; 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wds-dropdown__content\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<ul class=\"wds-list wds-is-linked wds-has-bolded-items\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/Special:Insights\/popularpages\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-2\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tPopular Pages\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li class=\"wds-dropdown-level-2\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/Special:Random\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tclass=\"wds-dropdown-level-2__toggle\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-2\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<span>Random Page<\/span>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<svg xmlns=\"http:\/\/www.w3.org\/2000\/svg\" viewBox=\"0 0 12 12\" class=\"wds-icon wds-icon-tiny wds-dropdown-chevron\" id=\"wds-icons-menu-control-tiny\"><path fill-rule=\"evenodd\" d=\"M6.001 10a.997.997 0 0 1-.706-.293l-5.002-5a.999.999 0 1 1 1.414-1.414L6 7.587l4.292-4.292a.999.999 0 1 1 1.414 1.414L6.708 9.707a.997.997 0 0 1-.707.293\"\/><\/svg>\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<div class=\"wds-is-not-scrollable wds-dropdown-level-2__content\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<ul class=\"wds-list wds-is-linked\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/Special:RandomInCategory\/Artist\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-3\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>Random Artist<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/Special:RandomInCategory\/Album\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-3\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>Random Album<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/Special:RandomInCategory\/Song\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-3\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>Random Song<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/Special:RandomInCategory\/Translation\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-3\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>Random Translation<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/ul>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/div>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/LyricWiki:Song_of_the_Day\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-2\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tSong of the Day\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/LyricWiki:Top_100\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-2\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tiTunes Top 100\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/ul>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/div>\n\t\t\t\t\t<\/div>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t<li class=\"wds-tabs__tab\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<div class=\"wds-dropdown\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t<div class=\"wds-tabs__tab-label wds-dropdown__toggle\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"#\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-1\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<span>Browse Lyrics<\/span>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<svg xmlns=\"http:\/\/www.w3.org\/2000\/svg\" viewBox=\"0 0 12 12\" class=\"wds-icon wds-icon-tiny wds-dropdown__toggle-chevron\" id=\"wds-icons-dropdown-tiny\"><path d=\"M6 9l4-5H2\" fill-rule=\"evenodd\"\/><\/svg>\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/div>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t<div class=\"wds-is-not-scrollable wds-dropdown__content\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<ul class=\"wds-list wds-is-linked wds-has-bolded-items\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li class=\"wds-dropdown-level-2\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Artists\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tclass=\"wds-dropdown-level-2__toggle\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-2\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<span>Artists<\/span>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<svg xmlns=\"http:\/\/www.w3.org\/2000\/svg\" viewBox=\"0 0 12 12\" class=\"wds-icon wds-icon-tiny wds-dropdown-chevron\" id=\"wds-icons-menu-control-tiny\"><path fill-rule=\"evenodd\" d=\"M6.001 10a.997.997 0 0 1-.706-.293l-5.002-5a.999.999 0 1 1 1.414-1.414L6 7.587l4.292-4.292a.999.999 0 1 1 1.414 1.414L6.708 9.707a.997.997 0 0 1-.707.293\"\/><\/svg>\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<div class=\"wds-is-not-scrollable wds-dropdown-level-2__content\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<ul class=\"wds-list wds-is-linked\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Artists_by_First_Letter\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-3\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>Artists by First Letter<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Genre\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-3\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>Artists by Genre<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Hometown\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-3\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>Artists by Hometown<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Label\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-3\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>Artists by Label<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/ul>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/div>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li class=\"wds-dropdown-level-2\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Albums\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tclass=\"wds-dropdown-level-2__toggle\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-2\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<span>Albums<\/span>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<svg xmlns=\"http:\/\/www.w3.org\/2000\/svg\" viewBox=\"0 0 12 12\" class=\"wds-icon wds-icon-tiny wds-dropdown-chevron\" id=\"wds-icons-menu-control-tiny\"><path fill-rule=\"evenodd\" d=\"M6.001 10a.997.997 0 0 1-.706-.293l-5.002-5a.999.999 0 1 1 1.414-1.414L6 7.587l4.292-4.292a.999.999 0 1 1 1.414 1.414L6.708 9.707a.997.997 0 0 1-.707.293\"\/><\/svg>\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<div class=\"wds-is-not-scrollable wds-dropdown-level-2__content\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<ul class=\"wds-list wds-is-linked\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Albums_by_First_Letter\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-3\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>Albums by First Letter<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Genre\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-3\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>Albums by Genre<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Albums_by_Release_Year\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-3\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>Albums by Release Year<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Compilation_Series\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-3\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>Compilation Series<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/ul>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/div>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li class=\"wds-dropdown-level-2\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Songs\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tclass=\"wds-dropdown-level-2__toggle\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-2\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<span>Songs<\/span>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<svg xmlns=\"http:\/\/www.w3.org\/2000\/svg\" viewBox=\"0 0 12 12\" class=\"wds-icon wds-icon-tiny wds-dropdown-chevron\" id=\"wds-icons-menu-control-tiny\"><path fill-rule=\"evenodd\" d=\"M6.001 10a.997.997 0 0 1-.706-.293l-5.002-5a.999.999 0 1 1 1.414-1.414L6 7.587l4.292-4.292a.999.999 0 1 1 1.414 1.414L6.708 9.707a.997.997 0 0 1-.707.293\"\/><\/svg>\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<div class=\"wds-is-not-scrollable wds-dropdown-level-2__content\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<ul class=\"wds-list wds-is-linked\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Songs_by_First_Letter\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-3\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>Songs by First Letter<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Language\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-3\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>Songs by Language<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Song_Translations\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-3\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>Translations<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Instrumental\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-3\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>Instrumentals<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/ul>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/div>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li class=\"wds-dropdown-level-2\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Genre\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tclass=\"wds-dropdown-level-2__toggle\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-2\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<span>Genres<\/span>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<svg xmlns=\"http:\/\/www.w3.org\/2000\/svg\" viewBox=\"0 0 12 12\" class=\"wds-icon wds-icon-tiny wds-dropdown-chevron\" id=\"wds-icons-menu-control-tiny\"><path fill-rule=\"evenodd\" d=\"M6.001 10a.997.997 0 0 1-.706-.293l-5.002-5a.999.999 0 1 1 1.414-1.414L6 7.587l4.292-4.292a.999.999 0 1 1 1.414 1.414L6.708 9.707a.997.997 0 0 1-.707.293\"\/><\/svg>\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<div class=\"wds-is-not-scrollable wds-dropdown-level-2__content\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<ul class=\"wds-list wds-is-linked\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Genre\/Pop\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-3\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>Pop<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Genre\/Rock\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-3\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>Rock<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Genre\/Electronic\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-3\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>Electronic<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Genre\/Hip_Hop\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-3\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>Hip Hop<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Genre\/Metal\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-3\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>Metal<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Genre\/Country\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-3\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>Country<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Genre\/Folk\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-3\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>Folk<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Genre\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-3\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>All Genres\u2026<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/ul>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/div>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Label\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-2\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tLabels\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Lists\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-2\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tLists\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/ul>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/div>\n\t\t\t\t\t<\/div>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t<li class=\"wds-tabs__tab\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<div class=\"wds-dropdown\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t<div class=\"wds-tabs__tab-label wds-dropdown__toggle\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"#\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-1\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<span>Help Out<\/span>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<svg xmlns=\"http:\/\/www.w3.org\/2000\/svg\" viewBox=\"0 0 12 12\" class=\"wds-icon wds-icon-tiny wds-dropdown__toggle-chevron\" id=\"wds-icons-dropdown-tiny\"><path d=\"M6 9l4-5H2\" fill-rule=\"evenodd\"\/><\/svg>\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/div>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t<div class=\"wds-is-not-scrollable wds-dropdown__content\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<ul class=\"wds-list wds-is-linked wds-has-bolded-items\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/Help:FAQ\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-2\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tLyricWiki FAQ\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li class=\"wds-dropdown-level-2\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/Help:Contents\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tclass=\"wds-dropdown-level-2__toggle\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-2\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<span>Help<\/span>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<svg xmlns=\"http:\/\/www.w3.org\/2000\/svg\" viewBox=\"0 0 12 12\" class=\"wds-icon wds-icon-tiny wds-dropdown-chevron\" id=\"wds-icons-menu-control-tiny\"><path fill-rule=\"evenodd\" d=\"M6.001 10a.997.997 0 0 1-.706-.293l-5.002-5a.999.999 0 1 1 1.414-1.414L6 7.587l4.292-4.292a.999.999 0 1 1 1.414 1.414L6.708 9.707a.997.997 0 0 1-.707.293\"\/><\/svg>\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<div class=\"wds-is-not-scrollable wds-dropdown-level-2__content\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<ul class=\"wds-list wds-is-linked\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/Help:Contents\/Editing\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-3\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>Help with Editing Pages<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/LyricWiki:Help_Desk\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-3\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>Ask at the Help Desk<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/LyricWiki:Job_Exchange\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-3\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>File an Edit Request<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/LyricWiki:Page_Names\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-3\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>Page Naming Policy<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/ul>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/div>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li class=\"wds-is-sticked-to-parent wds-dropdown-level-2\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/LyricWiki:Community_Portal\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tclass=\"wds-dropdown-level-2__toggle\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-2\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<span>The Community<\/span>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<svg xmlns=\"http:\/\/www.w3.org\/2000\/svg\" viewBox=\"0 0 12 12\" class=\"wds-icon wds-icon-tiny wds-dropdown-chevron\" id=\"wds-icons-menu-control-tiny\"><path fill-rule=\"evenodd\" d=\"M6.001 10a.997.997 0 0 1-.706-.293l-5.002-5a.999.999 0 1 1 1.414-1.414L6 7.587l4.292-4.292a.999.999 0 1 1 1.414 1.414L6.708 9.707a.997.997 0 0 1-.707.293\"\/><\/svg>\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<div class=\"wds-is-not-scrollable wds-dropdown-level-2__content\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<ul class=\"wds-list wds-is-linked\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/LyricWiki:Administrators\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-3\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>Find Admins<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/LyricWiki_talk:Community_Portal\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-3\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>Community Portal<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/ul>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/div>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Requests_For_Edits\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-2\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tRequests for Edits\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/ul>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/div>\n\t\t\t\t\t<\/div>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t<li class=\"wds-tabs__tab\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<div class=\"wds-dropdown\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t<div class=\"wds-tabs__tab-label wds-dropdown__toggle\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"#\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-1\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<span>Advanced<\/span>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<svg xmlns=\"http:\/\/www.w3.org\/2000\/svg\" viewBox=\"0 0 12 12\" class=\"wds-icon wds-icon-tiny wds-dropdown__toggle-chevron\" id=\"wds-icons-dropdown-tiny\"><path d=\"M6 9l4-5H2\" fill-rule=\"evenodd\"\/><\/svg>\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/div>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t<div class=\"wds-is-not-scrollable wds-dropdown__content\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<ul class=\"wds-list wds-is-linked wds-has-bolded-items\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/Special:Upload\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-2\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tUpload Art\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/Help:Lyrically_Lyrics_App\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-2\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tLyrically Mobile App\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li class=\"wds-dropdown-level-2\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/Special:SpecialPages\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tclass=\"wds-dropdown-level-2__toggle\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-2\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<span>Special Pages<\/span>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<svg xmlns=\"http:\/\/www.w3.org\/2000\/svg\" viewBox=\"0 0 12 12\" class=\"wds-icon wds-icon-tiny wds-dropdown-chevron\" id=\"wds-icons-menu-control-tiny\"><path fill-rule=\"evenodd\" d=\"M6.001 10a.997.997 0 0 1-.706-.293l-5.002-5a.999.999 0 1 1 1.414-1.414L6 7.587l4.292-4.292a.999.999 0 1 1 1.414 1.414L6.708 9.707a.997.997 0 0 1-.707.293\"\/><\/svg>\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<div class=\"wds-is-not-scrollable wds-dropdown-level-2__content\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<ul class=\"wds-list wds-is-linked\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/Special:DoubleRedirects\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-3\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>Double Redirects<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/Special:UncategorizedFiles\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-3\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>Uncategorized Photos<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/Special:CategoryIntersection\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-3\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>Category Intersection Search<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/Special:Wikify\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"custom-level-3\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>Wikify Tracklists<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/ul>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/div>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/ul>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/div>\n\t\t\t\t\t<\/div>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t<li class=\"wds-tabs__tab\">\n\t\t\t<div class=\"wds-dropdown\">\n\t\t\t\t<div class=\"wds-tabs__tab-label wds-dropdown__toggle\">\n\t\t\t\t\t<svg xmlns=\"http:\/\/www.w3.org\/2000\/svg\" viewBox=\"0 0 12 12\" class=\"wds-icon-tiny wds-icon\" id=\"wds-icons-explore-tiny\"><path d=\"M10.5 8.5a5.132 5.132 0 0 0-1.875-.357c-.675 0-1.35.143-1.875.357V3.143c0-.214.675-.714 1.875-.714s1.875.5 1.875.714V8.5zm-7.125-.357c-.675 0-1.35.143-1.875.357V3.143c0-.214.675-.714 1.875-.714s1.875.5 1.875.714V8.5a5.132 5.132 0 0 0-1.875-.357zM8.625 1C7.575 1 6.6 1.286 6 1.786 5.4 1.286 4.425 1 3.375 1 1.425 1 0 1.929 0 3.143v7.143c0 .428.3.714.75.714s.75-.286.75-.714c0-.215.675-.715 1.875-.715s1.875.5 1.875.715c0 .428.3.714.75.714s.75-.286.75-.714c0-.215.675-.715 1.875-.715s1.875.5 1.875.715c0 .428.3.714.75.714s.75-.286.75-.714V3.143C12 1.929 10.575 1 8.625 1z\"\/><\/svg>\t\t\t\t\t<span>Explore<\/span>\n\t\t\t\t\t<svg xmlns=\"http:\/\/www.w3.org\/2000\/svg\" viewBox=\"0 0 12 12\" class=\"wds-icon wds-icon-tiny wds-dropdown__toggle-chevron\" id=\"wds-icons-dropdown-tiny\"><path d=\"M6 9l4-5H2\" fill-rule=\"evenodd\"\/><\/svg>\t\t\t\t<\/div>\n\t\t\t\t<div class=\"wds-is-not-scrollable wds-dropdown__content\">\n\t\t\t\t\t<ul class=\"wds-list wds-is-linked wds-has-bolded-items\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/\/lyrics.wikia.com\/wiki\/Special:WikiActivity\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"explore-activity\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>Wiki Activity<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/\/lyrics.wikia.com\/wiki\/Special:Random\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"explore-random\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>Random page<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/\/lyrics.wikia.com\/wiki\/Special:Community\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"explore-community\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>Community<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/\/lyrics.wikia.com\/wiki\/Special:Videos\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"explore-videos\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>Videos<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/\/lyrics.wikia.com\/wiki\/Special:Images\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tdata-tracking=\"explore-images\"\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t>Images<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/ul>\n\t\t\t\t<\/div>\n\t\t\t<\/div>\n\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t<\/ul>\n<\/nav>\n<\/header>\n<!-- empty onclick event needs to be applied here to ensure that wds dropdowns work correctly on ios -->\n<section id=\"WikiaPage\" class=\"WikiaPage V2\" onclick=\"\">\n\t<div id=\"WikiaPageBackground\" class=\"WikiaPageBackground\"><\/div>\n\t<div class=\"WikiaPageContentWrapper\">\n\t\t\n\t\t\n\t\t\n\t\t\n\t\t\t\t\t<header id=\"PageHeader\" class=\"page-header\">\n\t<div class=\"page-header__main\">\n\t\t\t\t<h1 class=\"page-header__title\">Home<\/h1>\n\t\t\t\t<\/div>\n\t<div class=\"page-header__contribution\">\n\t\t<div> <!--Empty div to ensure $actionButton is always pushed to bottom of the container-->\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/div>\n\t\t<div class=\"page-header__contribution-buttons\">\n\t\t\t<div class=\"wds-button-group\">\n\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/LyricWiki?action=edit\"\n\t class=\"wds-button\"\n\t id=\"ca-viewsource\"\n\t data-tracking=\"ca-viewsource\"\n\t\t\t>\n\t\t<svg xmlns=\"http:\/\/www.w3.org\/2000\/svg\" viewBox=\"0 0 18 18\" class=\"wds-icon wds-icon-small\" id=\"wds-icons-lock-small\"><path d=\"M11 6H7V5c0-1.1.9-2 2-2s2 .9 2 2v1zm-1 6.7V14H8v-1.3c-.6-.3-1-1-1-1.7 0-1.1.9-2 2-2s2 .9 2 2c0 .7-.4 1.4-1 1.7zM9 1C6.8 1 5 2.8 5 5v1H3c-.6 0-1 .4-1 1v9c0 .6.4 1 1 1h12c.6 0 1-.4 1-1V7c0-.6-.4-1-1-1h-2V5c0-2.2-1.8-4-4-4z\" fill-rule=\"evenodd\"\/><\/svg>\t\t<span>View source<\/span>\n\t<\/a>\n\t<div class=\"wds-dropdown\">\n\t\t<div class=\"wds-button wds-dropdown__toggle\">\n\t\t\t<svg xmlns=\"http:\/\/www.w3.org\/2000\/svg\" viewBox=\"0 0 12 12\" 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viewBox=\"0 0 24 24\" class=\"wds-icon wds-icon-small\" id=\"wds-icons-share\"><path d=\"M5 16a3.984 3.984 0 0 0 2.861-1.213l7.295 4.168A3.964 3.964 0 0 0 15 20c0 2.206 1.794 4 4 4s4-1.794 4-4-1.794-4-4-4a3.984 3.984 0 0 0-2.861 1.213l-7.295-4.168C8.935 12.71 9 12.364 9 12c0-.364-.065-.71-.156-1.045l7.295-4.168A3.984 3.984 0 0 0 19 8c2.206 0 4-1.794 4-4s-1.794-4-4-4-4 1.794-4 4c0 .364.065.71.156 1.045L7.861 9.213A3.984 3.984 0 0 0 5 8c-2.206 0-4 1.794-4 4s1.794 4 4 4\" fill-rule=\"evenodd\"\/><\/svg>\t\t\t\t\t\t<span>Share<\/span>\n\t\t<\/a>\n\t<\/div>\n\t<\/div>\n<\/header>\n<hr class=\"page-header__separator\">\n\t\t\n\t\t<article id=\"WikiaMainContent\" class=\"WikiaMainContent\">\n\t\t\t<div id=\"WikiaMainContentContainer\" class=\"WikiaMainContentContainer\">\n\t\t\t\t\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\n\t\t\t\t\n\t\t\t\t<div id=\"WikiaArticle\" class=\"WikiaArticle\">\n\t\t\t\t\t<div class=\"home-top-right-ads\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<div id=\"top-right-boxad-wrapper\">\n\t\t<!-- BEGIN SLOTNAME: TOP_RIGHT_BOXAD -->\n\t<div id=\"TOP_RIGHT_BOXAD\" class=\"wikia-ad noprint default-height\">\n\t\t\t\t<script>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\twindow.adslots2.push([\"TOP_RIGHT_BOXAD\"]);\n\t\t\t\t\t<\/script>\n\t\t<\/div>\n\t<!-- END SLOTNAME: TOP_RIGHT_BOXAD -->\n\t\t\t<\/div>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/div>\n\n\t\t\t\t\t\n\t\t\t\t\t<div id=\"mw-content-text\" lang=\"en\" dir=\"ltr\" class=\"mw-content-ltr mw-content-text\"><div class=\"main-page-tag-lcs main-page-tag-lcs-exploded\" ><div class=\"lcs-container\">\n<div id=\"mpAnnouncements\"><\/div>\n<div id=\"mpWelcome\" class=\"mpBox\">\n<div class=\"mpHeadline\">Welcome to LyricWiki<\/div>\n<p>We are a free wiki website where anyone can get reliable lyrics for any song by any artist.\n<\/p>\n<div id=\"mpContentNav\">\n<p style=\"font-size:1.5em;\">Browse Lyrics By:<\/p>\n<div class=\"tabber\"><div class=\"tabbertab\" title=\"Artist\"><p>\n<p>Artist begins with:\n<\/p><p><a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Artists_A\" title=\"Category:Artists A\">A<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Artists_B\" title=\"Category:Artists B\">B<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Artists_C\" title=\"Category:Artists C\">C<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Artists_D\" title=\"Category:Artists D\">D<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Artists_E\" title=\"Category:Artists E\">E<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Artists_F\" title=\"Category:Artists F\">F<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Artists_G\" title=\"Category:Artists G\">G<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Artists_H\" title=\"Category:Artists H\">H<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Artists_I\" title=\"Category:Artists I\">I<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Artists_J\" title=\"Category:Artists J\">J<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Artists_K\" title=\"Category:Artists K\">K<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Artists_L\" title=\"Category:Artists L\">L<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Artists_M\" title=\"Category:Artists M\">M<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Artists_N\" title=\"Category:Artists N\">N<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Artists_O\" title=\"Category:Artists O\">O<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Artists_P\" title=\"Category:Artists P\">P<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Artists_Q\" title=\"Category:Artists Q\">Q<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Artists_R\" title=\"Category:Artists R\">R<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Artists_S\" title=\"Category:Artists S\">S<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Artists_T\" title=\"Category:Artists T\">T<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Artists_U\" title=\"Category:Artists U\">U<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Artists_V\" title=\"Category:Artists V\">V<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Artists_W\" title=\"Category:Artists W\">W<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Artists_X\" title=\"Category:Artists X\">X<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Artists_Y\" title=\"Category:Artists Y\">Y<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Artists_Z\" title=\"Category:Artists Z\">Z<\/a>\n<\/p>\n<\/p><\/div><div class=\"tabbertab\" title=\"Album\"><p>\n<p>Album begins with:\n<\/p><p><a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Albums_A\" title=\"Category:Albums A\">A<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Albums_B\" title=\"Category:Albums B\">B<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Albums_C\" title=\"Category:Albums C\">C<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Albums_D\" title=\"Category:Albums D\">D<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Albums_E\" title=\"Category:Albums E\">E<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Albums_F\" title=\"Category:Albums F\">F<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Albums_G\" title=\"Category:Albums G\">G<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Albums_H\" title=\"Category:Albums H\">H<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Albums_I\" title=\"Category:Albums I\">I<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Albums_J\" title=\"Category:Albums J\">J<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Albums_K\" title=\"Category:Albums K\">K<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Albums_L\" title=\"Category:Albums L\">L<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Albums_M\" title=\"Category:Albums M\">M<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Albums_N\" title=\"Category:Albums N\">N<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Albums_O\" title=\"Category:Albums O\">O<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Albums_P\" title=\"Category:Albums P\">P<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Albums_Q\" title=\"Category:Albums Q\">Q<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Albums_R\" title=\"Category:Albums R\">R<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Albums_S\" title=\"Category:Albums S\">S<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Albums_T\" title=\"Category:Albums T\">T<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Albums_U\" title=\"Category:Albums U\">U<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Albums_V\" title=\"Category:Albums V\">V<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Albums_W\" title=\"Category:Albums W\">W<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Albums_X\" title=\"Category:Albums X\">X<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Albums_Y\" title=\"Category:Albums Y\">Y<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Albums_Z\" title=\"Category:Albums Z\">Z<\/a>\n<\/p>\n<\/p><\/div><div class=\"tabbertab\" title=\"Song\"><p>\n<p>Song begins with:\n<\/p><p><a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Songs_A\" title=\"Category:Songs A\">A<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Songs_B\" title=\"Category:Songs B\">B<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Songs_C\" title=\"Category:Songs C\">C<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Songs_D\" title=\"Category:Songs D\">D<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Songs_E\" title=\"Category:Songs E\">E<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Songs_F\" title=\"Category:Songs F\">F<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Songs_G\" title=\"Category:Songs G\">G<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Songs_H\" title=\"Category:Songs H\">H<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Songs_I\" title=\"Category:Songs I\">I<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Songs_J\" title=\"Category:Songs J\">J<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Songs_K\" title=\"Category:Songs K\">K<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Songs_L\" title=\"Category:Songs L\">L<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Songs_M\" title=\"Category:Songs M\">M<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Songs_N\" title=\"Category:Songs N\">N<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Songs_O\" title=\"Category:Songs O\">O<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Songs_P\" title=\"Category:Songs P\">P<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Songs_Q\" title=\"Category:Songs Q\">Q<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Songs_R\" title=\"Category:Songs R\">R<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Songs_S\" title=\"Category:Songs S\">S<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Songs_T\" title=\"Category:Songs T\">T<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Songs_U\" title=\"Category:Songs U\">U<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Songs_V\" title=\"Category:Songs V\">V<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Songs_W\" title=\"Category:Songs W\">W<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Songs_X\" title=\"Category:Songs X\">X<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Songs_Y\" title=\"Category:Songs Y\">Y<\/a> \u2022 <a href=\"\/wiki\/Category:Songs_Z\" title=\"Category:Songs Z\">Z<\/a>\n<\/p>\n<\/p><\/div><div class=\"tabbertab\" title=\"Label\"><p>\n<p>Label begins with:\n<\/p><p><span class=\"plainlinks\"><a class=\"external text\" href=\"#\" rel=\"nofollow\" data-category-url-encoded=\"Ly9seXJpY3Mud2lraWEuY29tL3dpa2kvQ2F0ZWdvcnk6TGFiZWw\/ZnJvbT1B\">A<\/a> \u2022 <a class=\"external text\" href=\"#\" rel=\"nofollow\" data-category-url-encoded=\"Ly9seXJpY3Mud2lraWEuY29tL3dpa2kvQ2F0ZWdvcnk6TGFiZWw\/ZnJvbT1C\">B<\/a> \u2022 <a class=\"external text\" href=\"#\" rel=\"nofollow\" data-category-url-encoded=\"Ly9seXJpY3Mud2lraWEuY29tL3dpa2kvQ2F0ZWdvcnk6TGFiZWw\/ZnJvbT1D\">C<\/a> \u2022 <a class=\"external text\" href=\"#\" rel=\"nofollow\" data-category-url-encoded=\"Ly9seXJpY3Mud2lraWEuY29tL3dpa2kvQ2F0ZWdvcnk6TGFiZWw\/ZnJvbT1E\">D<\/a> \u2022 <a class=\"external text\" href=\"#\" rel=\"nofollow\" data-category-url-encoded=\"Ly9seXJpY3Mud2lraWEuY29tL3dpa2kvQ2F0ZWdvcnk6TGFiZWw\/ZnJvbT1F\">E<\/a> \u2022 <a class=\"external text\" href=\"#\" rel=\"nofollow\" data-category-url-encoded=\"Ly9seXJpY3Mud2lraWEuY29tL3dpa2kvQ2F0ZWdvcnk6TGFiZWw\/ZnJvbT1G\">F<\/a> \u2022 <a class=\"external text\" href=\"#\" rel=\"nofollow\" data-category-url-encoded=\"Ly9seXJpY3Mud2lraWEuY29tL3dpa2kvQ2F0ZWdvcnk6TGFiZWw\/ZnJvbT1H\">G<\/a> \u2022 <a class=\"external text\" href=\"#\" rel=\"nofollow\" data-category-url-encoded=\"Ly9seXJpY3Mud2lraWEuY29tL3dpa2kvQ2F0ZWdvcnk6TGFiZWw\/ZnJvbT1I\">H<\/a> \u2022 <a class=\"external text\" href=\"#\" rel=\"nofollow\" data-category-url-encoded=\"Ly9seXJpY3Mud2lraWEuY29tL3dpa2kvQ2F0ZWdvcnk6TGFiZWw\/ZnJvbT1J\">I<\/a> \u2022 <a class=\"external text\" href=\"#\" rel=\"nofollow\" data-category-url-encoded=\"Ly9seXJpY3Mud2lraWEuY29tL3dpa2kvQ2F0ZWdvcnk6TGFiZWw\/ZnJvbT1K\">J<\/a> \u2022 <a class=\"external text\" href=\"#\" rel=\"nofollow\" data-category-url-encoded=\"Ly9seXJpY3Mud2lraWEuY29tL3dpa2kvQ2F0ZWdvcnk6TGFiZWw\/ZnJvbT1L\">K<\/a> \u2022 <a class=\"external text\" href=\"#\" rel=\"nofollow\" data-category-url-encoded=\"Ly9seXJpY3Mud2lraWEuY29tL3dpa2kvQ2F0ZWdvcnk6TGFiZWw\/ZnJvbT1M\">L<\/a> \u2022 <a class=\"external text\" href=\"#\" rel=\"nofollow\" data-category-url-encoded=\"Ly9seXJpY3Mud2lraWEuY29tL3dpa2kvQ2F0ZWdvcnk6TGFiZWw\/ZnJvbT1N\">M<\/a> \u2022 <a class=\"external text\" href=\"#\" rel=\"nofollow\" data-category-url-encoded=\"Ly9seXJpY3Mud2lraWEuY29tL3dpa2kvQ2F0ZWdvcnk6TGFiZWw\/ZnJvbT1O\">N<\/a> \u2022 <a class=\"external text\" href=\"#\" rel=\"nofollow\" data-category-url-encoded=\"Ly9seXJpY3Mud2lraWEuY29tL3dpa2kvQ2F0ZWdvcnk6TGFiZWw\/ZnJvbT1P\">O<\/a> \u2022 <a class=\"external text\" href=\"#\" rel=\"nofollow\" data-category-url-encoded=\"Ly9seXJpY3Mud2lraWEuY29tL3dpa2kvQ2F0ZWdvcnk6TGFiZWw\/ZnJvbT1Q\">P<\/a> \u2022 <a class=\"external text\" href=\"#\" rel=\"nofollow\" data-category-url-encoded=\"Ly9seXJpY3Mud2lraWEuY29tL3dpa2kvQ2F0ZWdvcnk6TGFiZWw\/ZnJvbT1R\">Q<\/a> \u2022 <a class=\"external text\" href=\"#\" rel=\"nofollow\" data-category-url-encoded=\"Ly9seXJpY3Mud2lraWEuY29tL3dpa2kvQ2F0ZWdvcnk6TGFiZWw\/ZnJvbT1S\">R<\/a> \u2022 <a class=\"external text\" href=\"#\" rel=\"nofollow\" data-category-url-encoded=\"Ly9seXJpY3Mud2lraWEuY29tL3dpa2kvQ2F0ZWdvcnk6TGFiZWw\/ZnJvbT1T\">S<\/a> \u2022 <a class=\"external text\" href=\"#\" rel=\"nofollow\" data-category-url-encoded=\"Ly9seXJpY3Mud2lraWEuY29tL3dpa2kvQ2F0ZWdvcnk6TGFiZWw\/ZnJvbT1U\">T<\/a> \u2022 <a class=\"external text\" href=\"#\" rel=\"nofollow\" data-category-url-encoded=\"Ly9seXJpY3Mud2lraWEuY29tL3dpa2kvQ2F0ZWdvcnk6TGFiZWw\/ZnJvbT1V\">U<\/a> \u2022 <a class=\"external text\" href=\"#\" rel=\"nofollow\" data-category-url-encoded=\"Ly9seXJpY3Mud2lraWEuY29tL3dpa2kvQ2F0ZWdvcnk6TGFiZWw\/ZnJvbT1W\">V<\/a> \u2022 <a class=\"external text\" href=\"#\" rel=\"nofollow\" data-category-url-encoded=\"Ly9seXJpY3Mud2lraWEuY29tL3dpa2kvQ2F0ZWdvcnk6TGFiZWw\/ZnJvbT1X\">W<\/a> \u2022 <a class=\"external text\" href=\"#\" rel=\"nofollow\" data-category-url-encoded=\"Ly9seXJpY3Mud2lraWEuY29tL3dpa2kvQ2F0ZWdvcnk6TGFiZWw\/ZnJvbT1Y\">X<\/a> \u2022 <a class=\"external text\" href=\"#\" rel=\"nofollow\" data-category-url-encoded=\"Ly9seXJpY3Mud2lraWEuY29tL3dpa2kvQ2F0ZWdvcnk6TGFiZWw\/ZnJvbT1Z\">Y<\/a> \u2022 <a class=\"external text\" href=\"#\" rel=\"nofollow\" data-category-url-encoded=\"Ly9seXJpY3Mud2lraWEuY29tL3dpa2kvQ2F0ZWdvcnk6TGFiZWw\/ZnJvbT1a\">Z<\/a><\/span>\n<\/p>\n<\/p><\/div><\/div>\n<\/div>\n<\/div>\n<div id=\"mpITunesFeed\" class=\"mpBox\">\n<div class=\"mpHeadline\">iTunes Top Songs<\/div>\n<ol><li> <b><a href=\"\/wiki\/Halsey:Without_Me\" title=\"Halsey:Without Me\">Without Me<\/a><\/b> by <a href=\"\/wiki\/Halsey\" title=\"Halsey\">Halsey<\/a>\n<\/li><li> <b><a href=\"\/wiki\/Panic!_At_the_Disco:High_Hopes\" title=\"Panic! At the Disco:High Hopes\" class=\"mw-redirect\">High Hopes<\/a><\/b> by <a href=\"\/wiki\/Panic!_At_the_Disco\" title=\"Panic! At the Disco\" class=\"mw-redirect\">Panic! At the Disco<\/a>\n<\/li><li> <b><a href=\"\/wiki\/Lady_Gaga_%26_Bradley_Cooper:Shallow\" title=\"Lady Gaga & Bradley Cooper:Shallow\">Shallow<\/a><\/b> by <a href=\"\/wiki\/Lady_Gaga_%26_Bradley_Cooper?action=edit&redlink=1\" class=\"new\" title=\"Lady Gaga & Bradley Cooper (page does not exist)\" rel=\"nofollow\">Lady Gaga & Bradley Cooper<\/a>\n<\/li><li> <b><a href=\"\/wiki\/Marshmello_%26_Bastille:Happier\" title=\"Marshmello & Bastille:Happier\">Happier<\/a><\/b> by <a href=\"\/wiki\/Marshmello_%26_Bastille?action=edit&redlink=1\" class=\"new\" title=\"Marshmello & Bastille (page does not exist)\" rel=\"nofollow\">Marshmello & Bastille<\/a>\n<\/li><li> <b><a href=\"\/wiki\/Ariana_Grande:thank_u,_next\" title=\"Ariana Grande:thank u, next\" class=\"mw-redirect\">thank u, next<\/a><\/b> by <a href=\"\/wiki\/Ariana_Grande\" title=\"Ariana Grande\">Ariana Grande<\/a>\n<\/li><li> <b><a href=\"\/wiki\/Lauren_Daigle:You_Say\" title=\"Lauren Daigle:You Say\">You Say<\/a><\/b> by <a href=\"\/wiki\/Lauren_Daigle\" title=\"Lauren Daigle\">Lauren Daigle<\/a>\n<\/li><li> <b><a href=\"\/wiki\/Mariah_Carey:All_I_Want_For_Christmas_Is_You\" title=\"Mariah Carey:All I Want For Christmas Is You\">All I Want For Christmas Is You<\/a><\/b> by <a href=\"\/wiki\/Mariah_Carey\" title=\"Mariah Carey\">Mariah Carey<\/a>\n<\/li><li> <b><a href=\"\/wiki\/Imagine_Dragons:Natural\" title=\"Imagine Dragons:Natural\">Natural<\/a><\/b> by <a href=\"\/wiki\/Imagine_Dragons\" title=\"Imagine Dragons\">Imagine Dragons<\/a>\n<\/li><li> <b><a href=\"\/wiki\/Kymberli_Joye:Break_Every_Chain_(The_Voice_Performance)?action=edit&redlink=1\" class=\"new\" title=\"Kymberli Joye:Break Every Chain (The Voice Performance) (page does not exist)\" rel=\"nofollow\">Break Every Chain (The Voice Performance)<\/a><\/b> by <a href=\"\/wiki\/Kymberli_Joye?action=edit&redlink=1\" class=\"new\" title=\"Kymberli Joye (page does not exist)\" rel=\"nofollow\">Kymberli Joye<\/a>\n<\/li><li> <b><a href=\"\/wiki\/Kennedy_Holmes:Greatest_Love_Of_All_(The_Voice_Performance)?action=edit&redlink=1\" class=\"new\" title=\"Kennedy Holmes:Greatest Love Of All (The Voice Performance) (page does not exist)\" rel=\"nofollow\">Greatest Love Of All (The Voice Performance)<\/a><\/b> by <a href=\"\/wiki\/Kennedy_Holmes?action=edit&redlink=1\" class=\"new\" title=\"Kennedy Holmes (page does not exist)\" rel=\"nofollow\">Kennedy Holmes<\/a>\n<\/li><\/ol>\n<div class=\"mpBoxFooter\"><a href=\"\/wiki\/LyricWiki:Top_100\" title=\"LyricWiki:Top 100\">View top 100<\/a><\/div>\n<\/div>\n<div id=\"mpSOTD\" class=\"mpBox\">\n<div class=\"mpHeadline\">Song of the Day<\/div>\n<div>\n<p><b>Song: \"<a href=\"\/wiki\/The_Bonzo_Dog_Doo-Dah_Band:Trouser_Freak\" title=\"The Bonzo Dog Doo-Dah Band:Trouser Freak\">Trouser Freak<\/a>\" by <a href=\"\/wiki\/The_Bonzo_Dog_Doo-Dah_Band\" title=\"The Bonzo Dog Doo-Dah Band\">The Bonzo Dog Doo-Dah Band<\/a><\/b><br \/>\n<b>Nominated by:<\/b> <a href=\"\/wiki\/User:MichaelAlexanderGould\" title=\"User:MichaelAlexanderGould\">MichaelAlexanderGould<\/a><br \/>\n<b>Date:<\/b> November 27, 2018<br \/>\n<b>Reason:<\/b> A wacky song about a \"trouser freak\". One of Roger Ruskin Spear's greatest songs because of the piano and vocals. Hey hey hey!<br \/>\n<b>Video:<\/b> <span class=\"extlink\" style=\"white-space:nowrap\"><img src=\"data:image\/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIABAAAAAP\/\/\/yH5BAEAAAEALAAAAAABAAEAQAICTAEAOw%3D%3D\" \t alt=\"YouTube Icon\" \tclass=\"lzy lzyPlcHld \" \t \tdata-image-key=\"YouTube_Icon.png\" \tdata-image-name=\"YouTube Icon.png\" \t data-src=\"https:\/\/vignette.wikia.nocookie.net\/lyricwiki\/images\/c\/c0\/YouTube_Icon.png\/revision\/latest?cb=20180701074823\" \t width=\"16\" \t height=\"16\" \t \t \t onload=\"if(typeof ImgLzy==='object'){ImgLzy.load(this)}\" \t><noscript><img src=\"https:\/\/vignette.wikia.nocookie.net\/lyricwiki\/images\/c\/c0\/YouTube_Icon.png\/revision\/latest?cb=20180701074823\" \t alt=\"YouTube Icon\" \tclass=\"\" \t \tdata-image-key=\"YouTube_Icon.png\" \tdata-image-name=\"YouTube Icon.png\" \t \t width=\"16\" \t height=\"16\" \t \t \t \t><\/noscript> <a class=\"external text\" href=\"https:\/\/www.youtube.com\/watch?v=dKLDBD2fw-g\">Music video on YouTube<\/a><\/span>\n<\/p>\n<\/div><div class=\"mpBoxFooter\"><a href=\"\/wiki\/LyricWiki:Song_of_the_Day#Recent_Songs_of_the_Day\" title=\"LyricWiki:Song of the Day\">SOTD archive<\/a> | <a href=\"\/wiki\/Special:SOTD\" title=\"Special:SOTD\">Nominate a song<\/a><\/div>\n<\/div>\n<\/div><\/div>\n<div class=\"main-page-tag-rcs\"><div class=\"rcs-container\">\n<div id=\"mpUserBlogs\" class=\"mpBox\">\n<div class=\"mpHeadline\">User Blogs<\/div>\n<section class=\"WikiaBlogListing\">\n\t\t<ul>\n\t\t\t\t\t<li class=\"WikiaBlogListingPost\">\n\t\t\t\t\t<div class=\"commentslikes\">\n\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/User_blog:Invisiblepaperclips\/Been_invisible_for_a_while_now#WikiaArticleComments\"\n\t\t\tclass=\"comments\"\n\t\t\tdata-id=\"comment\"\n\t\t\ttitle=\"Be the first to discuss this page\">\n\n\t\t\t<span class=\"commentsbubble\">0<\/span>\n\t\t<\/a>\n\t<\/div>\n\n\n\t\t\t\t<img src=\"https:\/\/static.wikia.nocookie.net\/64756e57-128c-4b97-bce1-ed0914c28c98\/scale-to-width-down\/50\" width=\"48\" height=\"48\" class=\"avatar\" alt=\"Invisiblepaperclips\" \/>\t\t\t\t<div class=\"author-details\">\n\t\t\t\t\t<h2><a href=\"\/wiki\/User_blog:Invisiblepaperclips\/Been_invisible_for_a_while_now\">Been invisible for a while now<\/a><\/h2>\n\t\t\t\t\t<span>August 28, 2018 by <a href=\"\/wiki\/User:Invisiblepaperclips\">Invisiblepaperclips<\/a><\/span>\n\t\t\t\t<\/div>\n\n\t\t\t\t<div class='post-summary'>\n\t\t\t\t\t\n<p>I've been using Fandom for a long time to read about some of my\nfavourite stuff but never created an account.<\/p>\n<p>Translating Afrikaans to Engli\u2026<\/p>\n<span class=\"read-more\"><a href=\"\/wiki\/User_blog:Invisiblepaperclips\/Been_invisible_for_a_while_now\" title=\"User blog:Invisiblepaperclips\/Been invisible for a while now\">Read more ><\/a><\/span>\t\t\t\t<\/div>\n\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t<li class=\"WikiaBlogListingPost\">\n\t\t\t\t\t<div class=\"commentslikes\">\n\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/User_blog:91.49\/Why_I_admire_Morten_Harket#WikiaArticleComments\"\n\t\t\tclass=\"comments\"\n\t\t\tdata-id=\"comment\"\n\t\t\ttitle=\"Be the first to discuss this page\">\n\n\t\t\t<span class=\"commentsbubble\">0<\/span>\n\t\t<\/a>\n\t<\/div>\n\n\n\t\t\t\t<img src=\"https:\/\/static.wikia.nocookie.net\/6cd20c42-38ab-48a7-b5e4-39805777f0d0\/scale-to-width-down\/50\" width=\"48\" height=\"48\" class=\"avatar\" alt=\"91.49\" \/>\t\t\t\t<div class=\"author-details\">\n\t\t\t\t\t<h2><a href=\"\/wiki\/User_blog:91.49\/Why_I_admire_Morten_Harket\">Why I admire Morten Harket<\/a><\/h2>\n\t\t\t\t\t<span>June 9, 2018 by <a href=\"\/wiki\/User:91.49\">91.49<\/a><\/span>\n\t\t\t\t<\/div>\n\n\t\t\t\t<div class='post-summary'>\n\t\t\t\t\t\n<p>There is the obvious: his unique, beautiful voice and his\namazing ability to handle it. And he is genuine, he's from a time\nwhen there was \u2026<\/p>\n<span class=\"read-more\"><a href=\"\/wiki\/User_blog:91.49\/Why_I_admire_Morten_Harket\" title=\"User blog:91.49\/Why I admire Morten Harket\">Read more ><\/a><\/span>\t\t\t\t<\/div>\n\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t<li class=\"WikiaBlogListingPost\">\n\t\t\t\t\t<div class=\"commentslikes\">\n\t\t<a href=\"\/wiki\/User_blog:Alper2006\/My_question#WikiaArticleComments\"\n\t\t\tclass=\"comments\"\n\t\t\tdata-id=\"comment\"\n\t\t\ttitle=\"\">\n\n\t\t\t<span class=\"commentsbubble\">2<\/span>\n\t\t<\/a>\n\t<\/div>\n\n\n\t\t\t\t<img src=\"https:\/\/static.wikia.nocookie.net\/4c7cfa7c-5f45-4cb1-b0d5-5c36f97427b9\/scale-to-width-down\/50\" width=\"48\" height=\"48\" class=\"avatar\" alt=\"Alper2006\" \/>\t\t\t\t<div class=\"author-details\">\n\t\t\t\t\t<h2><a href=\"\/wiki\/User_blog:Alper2006\/My_question\">My question<\/a><\/h2>\n\t\t\t\t\t<span>May 30, 2018 by <a href=\"\/wiki\/User:Alper2006\">Alper2006<\/a><\/span>\n\t\t\t\t<\/div>\n\n\t\t\t\t<div class='post-summary'>\n\t\t\t\t\t\n<p>Can we add remixes that is on the Youtube but not published by\nan official singer?<\/p>\n<span class=\"read-more\"><a href=\"\/wiki\/User_blog:Alper2006\/My_question\" title=\"User blog:Alper2006\/My question\">Read more ><\/a><\/span>\t\t\t\t<\/div>\n\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t<\/ul>\n\t<div id='wk_blogs_loader2' style='float:right;'><\/div><div class='wk_blogs_pager'><\/div><\/section>\n\n<div class=\"mpBoxFooter\"><span class=\"plainlinks\" title=\"refresh page\"><a class=\"external text\" href=\"\/\/lyrics.wikia.com\/wiki\/LyricWiki?action=purge\">Refresh list<\/a><\/span> | <a href=\"\/wiki\/Special:CreateBlogPage\" title=\"Special:CreateBlogPage\">Create blog post<\/a><\/div>\n<\/div>\n<\/div><\/div>\n<div style=\"clear:both\"><\/div>\n<div id=\"mpLangLinks\" class=\"mpFooter\"><b>View main page in<\/b>\n<p><strong class=\"selflink\">English<\/strong> \u2022 \n<a 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Create your own and start something epic.<\/span>\n\t\n\t<ul class=\"wds-global-footer__links-list\">\n\t\t\t\t\t<li class=\"wds-global-footer__links-list-item\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"\/\/community.wikia.com\/wiki\/Special:CreateNewWiki\"\n class=\"wds-global-footer__link\"\n data-tracking-label=\"start-a-wiki\">\n\tStart a wiki<\/a>\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<\/li>\n\t\t\t<\/ul>\n<\/section>\n\t\t\t<section class=\"wds-global-footer__wikia-section wds-is-community-apps\">\n\t\t\t<h3 class=\"wds-global-footer__section-header\">The FANDOM App<\/h3>\n\t\n\t\t\t<span class=\"wds-global-footer__section-description\">Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat<\/span>\n\t\n\t<ul class=\"wds-global-footer__links-list\">\n\t\t\t\t\t<li class=\"wds-global-footer__links-list-item\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t<a href=\"https:\/\/itunes.apple.com\/us\/app\/fandom-videos-news-reviews\/id1230063803?ls=1&mt=8\"\n class=\"wds-global-footer__link\"\n data-tracking-label=\"community-apps.app-store\">\n\t<svg xmlns=\"http:\/\/www.w3.org\/2000\/svg\" viewBox=\"0 0 119 35\" class=\"wds-global-footer__image wds-icon\" id=\"wds-company-store-appstore\"><g fill=\"none\" fill-rule=\"evenodd\"><path d=\"M114.766 35H4.17C1.87 35 0 33.138 0 30.859V4.135C0 1.855 1.87 0 4.169 0h110.597C117.063 0 119 1.855 119 4.135V30.86c0 2.279-1.937 4.141-4.234 4.141\" fill=\"#A9AAA9\"\/><path d=\"M118.147 30.86c0 1.851-1.511 3.35-3.38 3.35H4.17c-1.87 0-3.385-1.498-3.385-3.35V4.134C.785 2.284 2.3.78 4.169.78h110.597c1.87 0 3.38 1.505 3.38 3.355V30.86\" fill=\"#0A0B09\"\/><path d=\"M26.557 17.311c-.025-2.82 2.327-4.192 2.434-4.257-1.332-1.928-3.396-2.19-4.122-2.211-1.734-.181-3.416 1.03-4.299 1.03-.9 0-2.262-1.012-3.727-.983-1.885.03-3.65 1.113-4.619 2.797-1.997 3.432-.507 8.477 1.406 11.251.958 1.36 2.076 2.877 3.54 2.823 1.432-.06 1.967-.907 3.696-.907 1.713 0 2.216.907 3.709.873 1.537-.025 2.505-1.365 3.429-2.736 1.106-1.558 1.55-3.092 1.568-3.171-.036-.012-2.986-1.129-3.015-4.509m-2.82-8.293c.77-.957 1.296-2.258 1.15-3.578-1.115.049-2.51.765-3.312 1.7-.71.825-1.345 2.176-1.181 3.447 1.253.092 2.539-.628 3.343-1.57M43.858 22.71l-.992-3.04c-.104-.31-.301-1.042-.592-2.194h-.034a84.012 84.012 0 0 1-.557 2.195l-.974 3.04h3.15zm3.43 4.856h-2.003l-1.096-3.42h-3.811l-1.045 3.42h-1.948l3.776-11.644h2.332l3.794 11.644zm7.796-4.233c0-.817-.185-1.491-.557-2.021-.407-.553-.951-.83-1.636-.83a1.96 1.96 0 0 0-1.262.459 2.115 2.115 0 0 0-.74 1.2 2.42 2.42 0 0 0-.087.57v1.4c0 .61.19 1.126.566 1.546.378.42.868.63 1.47.63.708 0 1.26-.27 1.654-.811.394-.542.592-1.256.592-2.143zm1.914-.068c0 1.427-.388 2.556-1.166 3.385-.696.738-1.56 1.106-2.593 1.106-1.113 0-1.914-.397-2.401-1.193h-.036v4.423h-1.879v-9.052c0-.898-.024-1.82-.07-2.765h1.653l.105 1.331h.035c.626-1.002 1.578-1.503 2.854-1.503.998 0 1.83.391 2.498 1.174.667.784 1 1.815 1 3.094zm7.815.068c0-.817-.186-1.491-.557-2.021-.407-.553-.952-.83-1.636-.83-.465 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Greater health impact.<\/div>\n \n <\/header>\n\n <div id=\"navigation\">\n\n \n <div class=\"region region-navigation clearfix block-count-1\">\n <div id=\"block-nice-menus-1\" class=\"block block-nice-menus plain first last odd clearfix\">\n\n \n\t<div class=\"content\">\n <ul class=\"nice-menu nice-menu-right nice-menu-main-menu\" id=\"nice-menu-1\"><li class=\"menu__item menu-676 first odd menu-path-front\"><a href=\"\/\" class=\"menu__link home\">Home<\/a><\/li>\n<li class=\"menu__item menu-241 even menu-path-node-2 has-children\"><a href=\"\/about-us\" class=\"menu__link about\">About MSH<\/a><ul><li class=\"menu__item menu-696 first odd menu-path-node-18\"><a href=\"\/about-us\/mission-and-vision\" class=\"menu__link\">Our Mission<\/a><\/li>\n<li class=\"menu__item menu-701 even menu-path-node-23\"><a href=\"\/about-us\/board-team\" class=\"menu__link\">Board & Team<\/a><\/li>\n<li class=\"menu__item menu-702 odd menu-path-node-24 has-children\"><a 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Focus<\/a><\/li>\n<li class=\"menu__item menu-3287 last even menu-path-node-6200\"><a href=\"\/our-expertise\/initiative\/pht-consulting\/our-approach-team\" class=\"menu__link\">Our Approach & Team<\/a><\/li>\n<\/ul><\/li>\n<li class=\"menu__item menu-3288 last even menu-path-node-6206\"><a href=\"\/our-expertise\/initiative\/medsource\" class=\"menu__link\">MedSource<\/a><\/li>\n<\/ul><\/li>\n<li class=\"menu__item menu-1838 even menu-path-resources has-children\"><a href=\"\/resources\" class=\"menu__link resources\">Resources<\/a><ul><li class=\"menu__item menu-1847 first odd menu-path-resources\"><a href=\"\/resources?field_resource_type%5B0%5D=Tool\" class=\"menu__link\">Tools<\/a><\/li>\n<li class=\"menu__item menu-1849 even menu-path-resources\"><a href=\"\/resources?field_resource_type%5B0%5D=Publication\" class=\"menu__link\">Publications<\/a><\/li>\n<li class=\"menu__item menu-3222 last odd menu-path-leadernetorg-\"><a href=\"http:\/\/leadernet.org\/\" class=\"menu__link\">LeaderNet<\/a><\/li>\n<\/ul><\/li>\n<li class=\"menu__item menu-248 odd menu-path-node-8 has-children\"><a href=\"\/news-events\" class=\"menu__link news-events\">News & Stories<\/a><ul><li class=\"menu__item menu-747 first odd menu-path-news-events-press-room\"><a href=\"\/news-events\/press-room\" class=\"menu__link\">Press Room<\/a><ul><\/ul><\/li>\n<li class=\"menu__item menu-749 even menu-path-news-events-stories\"><a href=\"\/news-events\/stories\" class=\"menu__link\">Stories<\/a><\/li>\n<li class=\"menu__item menu-751 last odd menu-path-news-events-events\"><a href=\"\/news-events\/events\" class=\"menu__link\">Events<\/a><\/li>\n<\/ul><\/li>\n<li class=\"menu__item menu-3223 last even menu-path-node-10\"><a href=\"\/partner-with-us\" class=\"menu__link\">Partnerships<\/a><\/li>\n<\/ul>\n\t<\/div>\n\n<\/div><!-- \/.block --> <\/div>\n\n <\/div><!-- \/#navigation -->\n \n <div id=\"slideshow\">\n \t <div class=\"region region-slideshow clearfix block-count-2\">\n <div id=\"block-cck-blocks-field-banners-split-screen\" class=\"block block-cck-blocks first last odd clearfix\">\n\n \n\t<div class=\"content\">\n <div class=\"field field-name-field-banners-split-screen\">\n<div class=\"ds-2col clearfix entity entity-field-collection-item field-collection-item-field-banners-split-screen align-left view-mode-full host-node-our_work align-left\">\n\n \n \n <div class=\"group-left \">\n <h1 class=\"page-title\">FCI Program of MSH<\/h1><div class=\"field field-name-field-banner-text not-phone\"><p>The FCI Program of MSH raises a powerful advocacy voice for the health and rights of women and communities. At global forums and in a range of countries, the FCI Program engages in evidence-based, constructive activism to build political commitment, develop progressive policies, foster accountability and mobilize increased funding for programs that improve women’s, newborns’ and adolescents’ health.<\/p>\n<\/div> <\/div>\n\n <div class=\"group-right\">\n <div class=\"field-slideshow-wrapper\">\n\n <div id=\"msh-owl-carousel\" class=\"field field-name-field-images-cropped field-type-imagefield-crop field-label-hidden\">\n <figure>\n <img src=http:\/\/www.msh.org\/sites\/msh.org\/files\/styles\/quality-fixer\/public\/field_images_cropped\/field_collection_item\/field_banners_split_screen\/_tmk1288-web-550x413.jpg>\n <figcaption>\n <\/figcaption>\n\n <div class=\"credit\">\n Photo credit: Mark Tuschman <\/div>\n\n <\/figure>\n\n<\/div>\n<\/div>\n <\/div>\n\n<\/div>\n\n<\/div>\t<\/div>\n\n<\/div><!-- \/.block --> <\/div>\n <\/div><!-- \/#slideshow -->\n\n\n\n <div id=\"main\" class=\"clearfix\">\n \n\t <nav class=\"breadcrumb\" role=\"navigation\"><h2 class=\"element-invisible\">You are here<\/h2><ol><li><a href=\"\/\">Home<\/a><\/li><li><a href=\"\/our-expertise\" class=\"our-work\">Our Expertise<\/a><\/li><li><a href=\"\/our-work\/practice\/advocacy\">Advocacy<\/a><\/li><li>FCI Program of MSH<\/li><\/ol><\/nav> \n\t \n <div id=\"content_top\">\n\t \t\t <\/div><!-- \/#content top -->\n\n <div id=\"content\" class=\"column\" role=\"main\">\n \n\t \t <a id=\"main-content\"><\/a> \n <h1 class=\"title\" id=\"page-title\">FCI Program of MSH<\/h1>\n \n\n\n<div class=\"ds-1col node node-our-work view-mode-full clearfix\">\n\n \n <div class=\"field field-name-body h2-label\"><p>Launched by Management Sciences for Health (MSH) in January 2016, the FCI Program of MSH builds on a long history of effective evidence-based advocacy and capacity-building by Family Care International (FCI), a leading global advocate for women’s health and rights for three decades.<\/p>\n<p>The FCI Program of MSH engages in constructive activism, partnering with allies and champions in government to effect positive programmatic and policy change. It speaks out for maternal, sexual, and reproductive health and rights within key global forums, initiatives, frameworks, and advocacy partnerships. The FCI Program calls for universal access to high-quality, culturally respectful health care and works to increase equity by reaching young people, indigenous groups, and other underserved populations. Linking global-level commitments with country-level action, the FCI Program works with local partners to hold governments accountable for fulfilling promises to improve women’s and children’s health and rights. It builds advocacy skills of civil society partners and networks at the country and community levels. Approaching health issues with a gender-focused, rights-based approach, the FCI Program develops and communicates compelling advocacy messages built on a foundation of evidence.<\/p>\n<h2>Expertise<\/h2>\n<ul><li>Promotion of skilled pregnancy and childbirth care<\/li>\n<li>Prevention of and response to gender-based violence and harmful practices<\/li>\n<li>Adolescent sexual and reproductive health<\/li>\n<li>Promotion and strengthening of midwifery care<\/li>\n<li>Budget tracking and advocacy for increased resources for reproductive, maternal, newborn, and adolescent health<\/li>\n<li>Reproductive and maternal health commodities, including increasing access to emergency contraception and to misoprostol for post-partum hemorrhage<\/li>\n<li>Intercultural and respectful maternity care, including in indigenous communities<\/li>\n<li>HIV and AIDS prevention, particularly among adolescent and indigenous communities<\/li>\n<li>Sexual and reproductive health and rights of people with disabilities<\/li>\n<\/ul><p>The FCI Program of MSH hosts the <a href=\"http:\/\/www.cecinfo.org\/\">International Consortium for Emergency Contraception<\/a> (ICEC), which works to expand access to and ensure safe and locally appropriate use of emergency contraception worldwide within the context of family planning and reproductive health programs, with an emphasis on developing countries.<\/p>\n\n<h2>Connect with the FCI Program of MSH<h2>\n<div id=\"fb-root\"><\/div>\n<script>(function(d, s, id) {\n var js, fjs = d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0];\n if (d.getElementById(id)) return;\n js = d.createElement(s); js.id = id;\n js.src = \"\/\/connect.facebook.net\/en_US\/sdk.js#xfbml=1&version=v2.6&appId=182198352281\";\n fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js, fjs);\n}(document, 'script', 'facebook-jssdk'));<\/script><a href=\"https:\/\/twitter.com\/FCIatMSH\" class=\"twitter-follow-button\" data-show-count=\"false\" data-size=\"large\">Follow @FCIatMSH<\/a>\n<script>!function(d,s,id){var js,fjs=d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0],p=\/^http:\/.test(d.location)?'http':'https';if(!d.getElementById(id)){js=d.createElement(s);js.id=id;js.src=p+':\/\/platform.twitter.com\/widgets.js';fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js,fjs);}}(document, 'script', 'twitter-wjs');<\/script><div class=\"fb-like\" data-href=\"https:\/\/www.facebook.com\/FCIProgramofMSH\" data-width=\"250\" data-layout=\"standard\" data-action=\"like\" data-show-faces=\"true\" data-share=\"true\"><\/div>\n\n<div id=\"fb-root\" class=\"read-more\"><a href=\"http:\/\/rightsandrealities.org\" target=\"_blank\">VISIT THE BLOG RIGHTS & REALITIES<\/a><\/div><\/h2><\/h2>\n<\/div><\/div>\n\n<div id=\"block-views-our-impact-block-1\" class=\"block block-views plain even clearfix\">\n\n <h2 class=\"block__title block-title\">Our Impact<\/h2>\n \n\t<div class=\"content\">\n <div class=\"view view-our-impact view-id-our_impact view-display-id-block_1 view-dom-id-bed79a05ce00bcf58553630046bb2b6b clearfix\">\n \n \n \n <div class=\"view-content\">\n <div class=\"views-row views-row-1 views-row-odd views-row-first\">\n \n <div class=\"views-field views-field-rendered-entity\"> <span class=\"field-content\"><div class=\"ds-1col node node-story node-promoted view-mode-related clearfix\">\n\n \n <figure><a href=\"\/news-events\/stories\/young-people-in-mali-call-for-the-end-of-harmful-practices-through-performance\"><img src=\"http:\/\/www.msh.org\/sites\/msh.org\/files\/styles\/project_image\/public\/ffield_image_cropped\/node\/story\/sevaremali.715px.jpg?itok=OJ3hW1vS\" width=\"225\" height=\"150\" alt=\"[A student from the center for educational activities of S\u00e9var\u00e9 reads of poem about female genital mutilation.]\" \/><\/a><\/figure><div class=\"field field-name-post-date date\">August 13, 2018<\/div><div class=\"field field-name-title\"><h2><a href=\"\/news-events\/stories\/young-people-in-mali-call-for-the-end-of-harmful-practices-through-performance\">Young People in Mali Call for the End of Harmful Practices through Performance and Poetry<\/a><\/h2><\/div><\/div>\n\n<\/span> <\/div> <\/div>\n <div class=\"views-row views-row-2 views-row-even\">\n \n <div class=\"views-field views-field-rendered-entity\"> <span class=\"field-content\"><div class=\"ds-1col node node-story view-mode-related clearfix\">\n\n \n <figure><a href=\"\/news-events\/stories\/i-got-my-dignity-back-testimony-of-a4j2e-an-adopted-daughter-of-15-years-old\"><img src=\"http:\/\/www.msh.org\/sites\/msh.org\/files\/styles\/project_image\/public\/ffield_image_cropped\/node\/story\/survivor_web.jpg?itok=2wboUEpK\" width=\"225\" height=\"150\" alt=\"[Survivor and subject of story.]{Photo Credit: Adama Sanogo}\" \/><\/a><\/figure><div class=\"field field-name-post-date date\">January 19, 2018<\/div><div class=\"field field-name-title\"><h2><a href=\"\/news-events\/stories\/i-got-my-dignity-back-testimony-of-a4j2e-an-adopted-daughter-of-15-years-old\">I Got My Dignity Back: Testimony of A4J2E, An Adopted Daughter of 15 Years Old<\/a><\/h2><\/div><\/div>\n\n<\/span> <\/div> <\/div>\n <div class=\"views-row views-row-3 views-row-odd views-row-last\">\n \n <div class=\"views-field views-field-rendered-entity\"> <span class=\"field-content\"><div class=\"ds-1col node node-story view-mode-related clearfix\">\n\n \n <figure><a href=\"\/news-events\/stories\/letter-in-the-lancet-setting-maternal-mortality-targets-for-the-sdgs\"><img src=\"http:\/\/www.msh.org\/sites\/msh.org\/files\/styles\/project_image\/public\/ffield_image_cropped\/node\/story\/dsc_0750-web-815px.jpg?itok=1fPS9HiF\" width=\"225\" height=\"150\" alt=\"{Photo credit: Jean Jacques Augustin}\" \/><\/a><\/figure><div class=\"field field-name-post-date date\">February 17, 2017<\/div><div class=\"field field-name-title\"><h2><a href=\"\/news-events\/stories\/letter-in-the-lancet-setting-maternal-mortality-targets-for-the-sdgs\">Letter in The Lancet: Setting maternal mortality targets for the SDGs<\/a><\/h2><\/div><\/div>\n\n<\/span> <\/div> <\/div>\n <\/div>\n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"view-footer\">\n <div class=\"read-more-container\">\n<a href=\"\/our-impact\/5138\">More stories<\/a> <\/div>\n <\/div>\n \n \n<\/div>\t<\/div>\n\n<\/div><!-- \/.block --><div id=\"block-views-our-projects-practice\" class=\"block block-views plain odd clearfix\">\n\n <h2 class=\"block__title block-title\">Our Projects<\/h2>\n \n\t<div class=\"content\">\n <div class=\"view view-our-projects view-id-our_projects view-display-id-practice view-dom-id-03ab2e65cc0276c1e47351ae3babfff8 clearfix\">\n \n \n \n <div class=\"view-content\">\n <div class=\"cols cols-3 clearfix\">\n <div class=\"ds-1col node node-project view-mode-related clearfix\">\n\n \n <figure><a href=\"\/our-work\/projects\/prevention-and-response-to-gender-based-violence-in-mopti-and-douentza-mali\"><img src=\"http:\/\/www.msh.org\/sites\/msh.org\/files\/styles\/project_image\/public\/images\/project-images\/img_0963-catherine_lalonde-resized_1.jpg?itok=iRZiYrMp\" width=\"225\" height=\"150\" alt=\"\" \/><\/a><\/figure><div class=\"field field-name-title\"><h2><a href=\"\/our-work\/projects\/prevention-and-response-to-gender-based-violence-in-mopti-and-douentza-mali\">Prevention and response to gender-based violence in Mopti and Douentza, Mali<\/a><\/h2><\/div><\/div>\n\n <div class=\"ds-1col node node-project view-mode-related clearfix\">\n\n \n <figure><a href=\"\/our-work\/projects\/individuals-families-communities\"><img src=\"http:\/\/www.msh.org\/sites\/msh.org\/files\/styles\/project_image\/public\/images\/project-images\/burkina_faso_dsc09715-resized_0.jpg?itok=wS7FwN6l\" width=\"225\" height=\"150\" alt=\"\" \/><\/a><\/figure><div class=\"field field-name-title\"><h2><a href=\"\/our-work\/projects\/individuals-families-communities\">Individuals, Families, Communities <\/a><\/h2><\/div><\/div>\n\n <div class=\"ds-1col node node-project view-mode-related clearfix\">\n\n \n <figure><a href=\"\/our-work\/projects\/advocacy-for-family-planning-in-burkina-faso\"><img src=\"http:\/\/www.msh.org\/sites\/msh.org\/files\/styles\/project_image\/public\/images\/project-images\/sdc13672.jpg?itok=a37GyArj\" width=\"225\" height=\"150\" alt=\"\" \/><\/a><\/figure><div class=\"field field-name-title\"><h2><a href=\"\/our-work\/projects\/advocacy-for-family-planning-in-burkina-faso\">Advocacy for Family Planning in Burkina Faso<\/a><\/h2><\/div><\/div>\n\n<\/div> <\/div>\n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"view-footer\">\n <div class=\"read-more-container\"><a href=\"\/project-navigator?practice%5B0%5D=5138\">More Projects<\/a><\/div> <\/div>\n \n \n<\/div>\t<\/div>\n\n<\/div><!-- \/.block --><div id=\"block-views-our-experts-block-2\" class=\"block block-views plain last even clearfix\">\n\n <h2 class=\"block__title block-title\">Technical Experts<\/h2>\n \n\t<div class=\"content\">\n <div class=\"view view-our-experts view-id-our_experts view-display-id-block_2 view-dom-id-6a81c7b3dfcef85cd4a39f841faf6187 clearfix\">\n \n \n \n <div class=\"view-content cols cols-2 clearfix\">\n <div class=\"views-row views-row-1 views-row-odd views-row-first\">\n \n <div class=\"ds-1col user-profile view-mode-user_related clearfix\">\n\n \n <div class=\"field field-name-field-user-photo\"><a href=\"\/users\/fatimata-kan%C3%A9\"><img src=\"http:\/\/www.msh.org\/sites\/msh.org\/files\/styles\/thumbnail\/public\/staff-expert-images\/fatimata_kane-150px.png?itok=p0IrPEMn\" width=\"100\" height=\"100\" alt=\"\" \/><\/a><\/div><div class=\"field field-name-user-name-with-link\"><a href=\"\/users\/fatimata-kan%C3%A9\">Fatimata Kan\u00e9<\/a><\/div><div class=\"field field-name-field-title\">Project Director<\/div><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n <div class=\"views-row views-row-2 views-row-even\">\n \n <div class=\"ds-1col user-profile view-mode-user_related clearfix\">\n\n \n <div class=\"field field-name-field-user-photo\"><a href=\"\/users\/melissa-garcia\"><img src=\"http:\/\/www.msh.org\/sites\/msh.org\/files\/styles\/thumbnail\/public\/staff-expert-images\/melissa_garcia_0.jpg?itok=qGX2CJaE\" width=\"100\" height=\"100\" alt=\"\" \/><\/a><\/div><div class=\"field field-name-user-name-with-link\"><a href=\"\/users\/melissa-garcia\">Melissa Garcia<\/a><\/div><div class=\"field field-name-field-title\">Technical Adviser<\/div><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n <div class=\"views-row views-row-3 views-row-odd\">\n \n <\/div>\n <div class=\"views-row views-row-4 views-row-even views-row-last\">\n \n <div class=\"ds-1col user-profile view-mode-user_related clearfix\">\n\n \n <div class=\"field field-name-field-user-photo\"><a href=\"\/users\/alanna-savage\"><img src=\"http:\/\/www.msh.org\/sites\/msh.org\/files\/styles\/thumbnail\/public\/staff-expert-images\/alannasavage_headshot_small.jpg?itok=j1Tf9mkt\" width=\"100\" height=\"100\" alt=\"\" \/><\/a><\/div><div class=\"field field-name-user-name-with-link\"><a href=\"\/users\/alanna-savage\">Alanna Savage<\/a><\/div><div class=\"field field-name-field-title\">Communications Officer<\/div><\/div>\n\n <\/div>\n <\/div>\n \n \n \n \n <div class=\"view-footer\">\n <div class=\"read-more-container\">\n<a href=\"\/our-experts\/5138\">More experts<\/a> <\/div>\n <\/div>\n \n \n<\/div>\t<\/div>\n\n<\/div><!-- \/.block --> <div id=\"content-bottom\">\n \t <div class=\"region region-content-bottom clearfix block-count-1\">\n <div id=\"block-sharethis-sharethis-block\" class=\"block block-sharethis plain first last odd clearfix\">\n\n \n\t<div class=\"content\">\n <div class=\"sharethis-wrapper\"><span st_url=\"http:\/\/www.msh.org\/our-work\/practice\/fci-program-of-msh\" st_title=\"FCI Program of MSH\" class=\"st_facebook\"><\/span>\n<span st_url=\"http:\/\/www.msh.org\/our-work\/practice\/fci-program-of-msh\" st_title=\"FCI Program of MSH\" class=\"st_twitter\"><\/span>\n<span 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class=\"block__title block-title\">Subscribe to Our Newsletter<\/h2>\n \n\t<div class=\"content\">\n <p><a class=\"button\" href=\"http:\/\/eepurl.com\/PeqUr\">Sign Up<\/a><\/p>\n\t<\/div>\n\n<\/div><!-- \/.block --><div id=\"block-views-ee44e7f1ab20224a7846377ae64a7aab\" class=\"block block-views beige-header related-entities-list even clearfix\">\n\n <h2 class=\"block__title block-title\">Press Releases<\/h2>\n \n\t<div class=\"content\">\n <div class=\"view view-related-entities-by-node view-id-related_entities_by_node view-display-id-block_1 view-dom-id-f196dcac13340b67ca3da8c3869e3b71 clearfix\">\n \n \n \n <div class=\"view-content\">\n <div class=\"item-list\"> <ul class=\"textformatter-list\"> <li class=\"views-row views-row-1 views-row-odd views-row-first\"> \n <div class=\"views-field views-field-title\"> <span class=\"field-content\"><a href=\"\/news-events\/press-room\/msh-saddened-by-the-passing-of-unfpa-executive-director-dr-babatunde\">MSH Saddened by the Passing of UNFPA Executive Director Dr. Babatunde Osotimehin<\/a><\/span> <\/div><\/li>\n <li class=\"views-row views-row-2 views-row-even\"> \n <div class=\"views-field views-field-title\"> <span class=\"field-content\"><a href=\"\/news-events\/press-room\/msh-statement-on-the-imposition-of-the-global-gag-rule\">MSH Statement on the Imposition of the Global Gag Rule<\/a><\/span> <\/div><\/li>\n <li class=\"views-row views-row-3 views-row-odd views-row-last\"> \n <div class=\"views-field views-field-title\"> <span class=\"field-content\"><a href=\"\/news-events\/press-room\/two-msh-staff-nominated-for-120under40-the-new-generation-of-family-planning\">Two MSH Staff Nominated for 120Under40: The New Generation of Family Planning Leaders<\/a><\/span> <\/div><\/li>\n <\/ul><\/div> <\/div>\n \n \n \n \n<div class=\"more-link\">\n <a href=\"\/press-releases\/5138\">\n More Press Releases <\/a>\n<\/div>\n \n \n \n<\/div>\t<\/div>\n\n<\/div><!-- \/.block --><div id=\"block-cck-blocks-field-videos-references\" class=\"block block-cck-blocks beige-block odd clearfix\">\n\n <h2 class=\"block__title block-title\">Videos<\/h2>\n \n\t<div class=\"content\">\n <div class=\"field field-name-field-videos-references\"><div class=\"ds-1col node node-video view-mode-related clearfix\">\n\n \n <div class=\"field field-name-field-video-url\"><a href=\"\/vef\/load\/c63b23571f1c42b414dbc096b594b457?width=640px&height=365\" class=\"colorbox-load colorbox\"><img src=\"http:\/\/www.msh.org\/sites\/msh.org\/files\/styles\/video_thumbnail\/public\/video_embed_field_thumbnails\/youtube\/s2NDMxIO9mc.jpg?itok=bk3Oe62v\" alt=\"\" \/><\/a><\/div><div class=\"field field-name-body\">MACS: The Power of Civil Society<\/div><\/div>\n\n<div class=\"ds-1col node node-video view-mode-related clearfix\">\n\n \n <div class=\"field field-name-field-video-url\"><a href=\"\/vef\/load\/ef0081807dfb95d7d32e596482c0fb67?width=640px&height=365\" class=\"colorbox-load colorbox\"><img src=\"http:\/\/www.msh.org\/sites\/msh.org\/files\/styles\/video_thumbnail\/public\/video_embed_field_thumbnails\/youtube\/M9kOawT3dNI.jpg?itok=7MTC40BL\" alt=\"\" \/><\/a><\/div><div class=\"field field-name-body\">MACS: The People\u2019s Budget<\/div><\/div>\n\n<div class=\"ds-1col node node-video view-mode-related clearfix\">\n\n \n <div class=\"field field-name-field-video-url\"><a href=\"\/vef\/load\/b8e0f7ba2287203423b69c8a3125db70?width=640px&height=365\" class=\"colorbox-load colorbox\"><img src=\"http:\/\/www.msh.org\/sites\/msh.org\/files\/styles\/video_thumbnail\/public\/video_embed_field_thumbnails\/youtube\/m5_e_-uQ7xk.jpg?itok=FLkEC6J_\" alt=\"\" \/><\/a><\/div><div class=\"field field-name-body\">Tania\u2019s Story: Advancing Professional Midwifery in Mexico<\/div><\/div>\n\n<\/div>\t<\/div>\n\n<\/div><!-- \/.block --><div id=\"block-views-ff15ede94d141602b38cd2cd57a457e5\" class=\"block block-views beige-header related-entities-list even clearfix\">\n\n <h2 class=\"block__title block-title\">Events<\/h2>\n \n\t<div class=\"content\">\n <div class=\"view view-related-entities-by-node view-id-related_entities_by_node view-display-id-block_3 view-dom-id-b20dc6f62d891eac3eb4781c7f472c73 clearfix\">\n \n \n \n <div class=\"view-content\">\n <div class=\"item-list\"> <ul class=\"textformatter-list\"> <li class=\"views-row views-row-1 views-row-odd views-row-first\"> \n <div class=\"views-field views-field-title\"> <span class=\"field-content\"><a href=\"\/news-events\/events\/misoprostol-for-postpartum-hemorrhage-innovating-for-impact\">Misoprostol for Postpartum Hemorrhage: Innovating for Impact<\/a><\/span> <\/div><\/li>\n <li class=\"views-row views-row-2 views-row-even\"> \n <div class=\"views-field views-field-title\"> <span class=\"field-content\"><a href=\"\/news-events\/events\/brilliant-and-resilient-celebrating-the-power-of-disabled-women-activists\">Brilliant and Resilient: Celebrating the Power of Disabled Women Activists<\/a><\/span> <\/div><\/li>\n <li class=\"views-row views-row-3 views-row-odd views-row-last\"> \n <div class=\"views-field views-field-title\"> <span class=\"field-content\"><a href=\"\/news-events\/events\/celebrate-the-launch-of-the-fci-program-of-msh\">Celebrate the Launch of the FCI Program of MSH<\/a><\/span> <\/div><\/li>\n <\/ul><\/div> <\/div>\n \n \n \n \n \n \n<\/div>\t<\/div>\n\n<\/div><!-- \/.block --><div id=\"block-views-related-entities-by-node-block\" class=\"block block-views beige-header related-entities-list odd clearfix\">\n\n <h2 class=\"block__title block-title\">Blog Posts<\/h2>\n \n\t<div class=\"content\">\n <div class=\"view view-related-entities-by-node view-id-related_entities_by_node view-display-id-block view-dom-id-400382de90b73851863a5acac5a540b2 clearfix\">\n \n \n \n <div class=\"view-content\">\n <div class=\"item-list\"> <ul class=\"textformatter-list\"> <li class=\"views-row views-row-1 views-row-odd views-row-first\"> \n <div class=\"views-field views-field-title\"> <span class=\"field-content\"><a href=\"\/blog\/2017\/11\/29\/ending-gender-based-violence-and-fgm-in-mali-village-by-village\">Ending Gender-Based Violence and FGM in Mali, Village by Village<\/a><\/span> <\/div><\/li>\n <li class=\"views-row views-row-2 views-row-even\"> \n <div class=\"views-field views-field-title\"> <span class=\"field-content\"><a href=\"\/blog\/2017\/09\/19\/self-care-a-vital-component-of-any-comprehensive-maternal-and-newborn-health\">Self-Care: a Vital Component of Any Comprehensive Maternal and Newborn Health Strategy<\/a><\/span> <\/div><\/li>\n <li class=\"views-row views-row-3 views-row-odd views-row-last\"> \n <div class=\"views-field views-field-title\"> <span class=\"field-content\"><a href=\"\/blog\/2017\/06\/20\/person-centered-group-antenatal-care-in-eastern-uganda-reaching-women-through\">Person-centered group antenatal care in Eastern Uganda: Reaching women through pregnancy clubs<\/a><\/span> <\/div><\/li>\n <\/ul><\/div> <\/div>\n \n \n \n \n<div class=\"more-link\">\n <a href=\"\/blog-posts\/5138\">\n More Blog Posts <\/a>\n<\/div>\n \n \n \n<\/div>\t<\/div>\n\n<\/div><!-- \/.block --><div id=\"block-views-ac4737c47d55abc38ac9a83cbddc29a8\" class=\"block block-views beige-header related-entities-list even clearfix\">\n\n <h2 class=\"block__title block-title\">Resources<\/h2>\n \n\t<div class=\"content\">\n <div class=\"view view-related-entities-by-node view-id-related_entities_by_node view-display-id-resources_block view-dom-id-2b23afe66cc50a21043c316fcea30b8b clearfix\">\n \n \n \n <div class=\"view-content\">\n <div class=\"item-list\"> <ul class=\"textformatter-list\"> <li class=\"views-row views-row-1 views-row-odd views-row-first\"> \n <div class=\"views-field views-field-title\"> <span class=\"field-content\"><a href=\"\/resources\/overview-of-the-situation-of-maternal-morbidity-and-mortality-latin-america-and-the\">Overview of the Situation of Maternal Morbidity and Mortality: Latin America and the Caribbean<\/a><\/span> <\/div><\/li>\n <li class=\"views-row views-row-2 views-row-even\"> \n <div class=\"views-field views-field-title\"> <span class=\"field-content\"><a href=\"\/resources\/deliver-for-good-improve-maternal-and-newborn-health-and-nutrition\">Deliver for Good: Improve Maternal and Newborn Health and Nutrition<\/a><\/span> <\/div><\/li>\n <li class=\"views-row views-row-3 views-row-odd views-row-last\"> \n <div class=\"views-field views-field-title\"> <span class=\"field-content\"><a href=\"\/resources\/midwifery-in-mexico\">Midwifery in Mexico<\/a><\/span> <\/div><\/li>\n <\/ul><\/div> <\/div>\n \n \n \n \n<div class=\"more-link\">\n <a href=\"\/our-work\/practice\/5138\/resources\">\n More Resources <\/a>\n<\/div>\n \n \n \n<\/div>\t<\/div>\n\n<\/div><!-- \/.block --><div id=\"block-views-92c39ccdb23a80404c7fa5a53fe10d25\" class=\"block block-views beige-header last odd clearfix\">\n\n <h2 class=\"block__title block-title\">Related to FCI Program of MSH<\/h2>\n \n\t<div class=\"content\">\n <div class=\"view view-our-work-partner-entity-references view-id-our_work_partner_entity_references view-display-id-block view-dom-id-ee77949573cc64367edb6da03113cc21 clearfix\">\n \n \n \n <div class=\"view-content\">\n <div class=\"views-row views-row-1 views-row-odd views-row-first views-row-last\">\n \n <div class=\"views-field views-field-field-practices-references\"> <span class=\"views-label views-label-field-practices-references\">Practices<\/span> <div class=\"field-content\"><div class=\"item-list\"><ul><li class=\"first\"><a href=\"\/our-work\/practice\/advocacy\">Advocacy<\/a><\/li>\n<li class=\"last\"><a href=\"\/our-work\/practice\/international-consortium-for-emergency-contraception\">International Consortium for Emergency Contraception<\/a><\/li>\n<\/ul><\/div><\/div> <\/div> \n <div class=\"views-field views-field-field-country-reference\"> <span class=\"views-label views-label-field-country-reference\">Countries<\/span> <div class=\"field-content\"><div class=\"item-list\"><ul><li class=\"first\"><a href=\"\/our-work\/country\/mali\" data-iso3=\"MLI\">Mali<\/a><\/li>\n<li><a href=\"\/our-work\/country\/burkina-faso\" data-iso3=\"BFA\">Burkina Faso<\/a><\/li>\n<li><a href=\"\/our-work\/country\/mexico-0\" data-iso3=\"MEX\">Mexico<\/a><\/li>\n<li><a href=\"\/our-work\/country\/bolivia\" data-iso3=\"BOL\">Bolivia<\/a><\/li>\n<li class=\"last\"><a href=\"\/our-work\/country\/kenya\" data-iso3=\"KEN\">Kenya<\/a><\/li>\n<\/ul><\/div><\/div> <\/div> <\/div>\n <\/div>\n \n \n \n \n \n \n<\/div>\t<\/div>\n\n<\/div><!-- \/.block --> <\/section>\n <\/aside><!-- \/.sidebars -->\n \n <\/div><!-- \/#main -->\n\n<\/div><!-- \/#page -->\n\n\n\n\n<footer class=\"clearfix\">\n\t\n\t<div id=\"footer2\" class=\"clearfix\">\n\t\t\n\t\t<div id=\"footer_middle\" class=\"clearfix\">\n\t\t\t <div class=\"region region-footer-left clearfix block-count-3 not-phone\">\n <div id=\"block-menu-block-3\" class=\"block block-menu-block plain not-mobile first odd clearfix\" role=\"navigation\">\n\n <h4 class=\"block__title block-title\"><span>About MSH<\/span><\/h4>\n \n\t<div class=\"content\">\n <div class=\"menu-block-wrapper menu-block-3 menu-name-main-menu parent-mlid-241 menu-level-1\">\n <ul class=\"menu\"><li class=\"menu__item is-leaf first leaf menu-mlid-696 odd\"><a href=\"\/about-us\/mission-and-vision\" class=\"menu__link\">Our Mission<\/a><\/li>\n<li class=\"menu__item is-leaf leaf menu-mlid-701 even\"><a href=\"\/about-us\/board-team\" class=\"menu__link\">Board & Team<\/a><\/li>\n<li class=\"menu__item is-leaf is-parent leaf has-children menu-mlid-702 odd\"><a href=\"\/about-msh\/financial-data\" class=\"menu__link\">Financial Data<\/a><\/li>\n<li class=\"menu__item is-leaf last leaf menu-mlid-2909 even\"><a href=\"\/about-us\/work-with-us\" class=\"menu__link\">Careers<\/a><\/li>\n<\/ul><\/div>\n\t<\/div>\n\n<\/div><!-- \/.block --><div 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